In the hospital there are many infections one may acquire. One of the most dangerous infections is methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). This infection can be acquired in the community or in the hospital. MRSA was identified in the United States in the late 1960’s, and MRSA can be found on the skin, in the blood, in the nasal passage, and in the urine. MRSA affects many people and some people may not realize they are a carrier. MRSA rates continue to climb in the community and in the hospitals. The rising rates may be related to multiple drug resistant organisms (Raygada & Levine,2009).
Hospital acquired infections could be traced back to a surgical procedure, the person’s immune response, or prolonged hospitalizations. Community acquired infection may be a result of drug abuse, person to person contact, open wound that is infected with MRSA, or large body weight. These infections are being seen more and more and the infections increase hospital stays and costs (Raygada & Levine,2009). These infections have been a challenge for many hospitals to prevent and remain at a minimum. Teaching patients and the nurses about MRSA will decrease these infections and decrease mortality rates. Nurses should be taught about proper hand hygiene, contact precautions, proper protective equipment, and screening on admission to the hospital. Further prevention recommended by the Center for Disease Control(2010), is the appropriate contact isolation for patient care. An example is wearing gloves, gowns, and cleaning the patient’s room daily (CDC,2010).
Hand hygiene is of the upmost importance and should be done for at least 20 to 30 seconds. One might could sing happy birthday to remember how long to wash their hands with antibacterial soap and water. Hand hygiene prevents the spread of germs and should be taught to the patient and the family to prevent the further spread of infections. Nurses should also be taught wearing protective gloves and gown before entering a room and removing before leaving the room. A nurse should always remember to dispose of gloves properly and then wash their hands (WHO,2009). In conclusion, MRSA infections are very serious and should be treated as soon as possible once diagnosed. Patient educations regarding MRSA is of the upmost importance. Nurses should emphasize hand hygiene, knowledge of signs and symptoms of the infections, person to person contact, and how to care for open lesions or abscesses.
The more education a nurse promotes might help in decreasing these infections, for example; giving a surgical patient chlorhexadine wipes the night before the surgery to use. Hospital equipment should be available to staff members and the staff member should be informed of the MRSA history to protect the patient and self. Knowing this history, the nurse can wear protective equipment, administer proper antibiotics, and clean the patient’s environment properly. The infection rates of MRSA will impact nursing due to more patient in the hospitals, more money spent on high cost of antibiotics, and sicker patients with a larger mortality rate. MRSA is very serious and should be treated as soon as the signs and symptoms are noticed.