Analyze President Kennedy’s approach in Cuba in the context of the Cold War. How successful was he? To what extent were his actions typical of a Cold War President?
During the tenure of president Kennedy as a president in the united states, John F Kennedy was seriously concerned with stopping the spread of communism in the world, and there were hot pots that triggered Kennnedy government attention. The containment required to be the American foreign policy doctrine that regarded the Soviet Union required to be contained to preserve the spread of communism throughout the world. The Soviet Union waged a campaign to spread its communism ideologies throughout the world such as in Cuba. Kennedy made Flexible doctrine to this and utilized political situation that happened under the watch (Stolley, 1999).
The Bay of Pigs was the first situation that Kennedy had to deal with as the president. It was an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castrol. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) trained a force of Cuban exiles to invade the southern part of Cuba with all the support of the Kennedy government. The Cuban exile force was called Brigade 2506. This invasion occurred in the first three months of Presidents Kennedy terms in office. The CIA had trained the Cuban exiles in various areas in South Florida while the guerrilla training took place in Panama at Fort Gulick and Fort Clayton. The exact invasion happened on 17th April 1961, where there were coordinated attacks in various locations of the Cuban island. The Cuban d soldiers of the Castro Communist government engaged in invading force and the members of Brigade 2506 were pushed to withdraw back to the beaches and after the days of combat, nor air aid and low on ammunition the surviving member of Brigade 2506 retreated to the beaches, and a try extraction was performed, but hundreds of them were captured and killed (Stolley, 1999). So the Kennedy administration failed to contain Cuba.
Nevertheless, Kennedy was a typical Cold War President who utilized similar diplomatic policy of Flexible Response. When the Soviet Union erected the Berlin Wall later in 1961 and with the Soviet Union and Cuba in 1962 during the Cuban Missiles Crisis. President Kennedy utilizes the Flexible Response policy to contain them. The Berlin wall was built by the Communist German Democratic Republic with the direction and support of the Soviet Union, with the aim of cutting off the West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and East Berlin. It was constructed with large concrete walls, guard towers, anti-vehicles trenches and other defenses to maintain people from, moving freely from East to West Germany and freedom. President Kennedy’s Flexible response was first to send Vice President Lyndon Johnson by air to Berlin and the second approach was to dispatch an army brigade to Berlin at the same time.
What is meant by Black Power? What areas of life does it address?
The Black power was a slogan meant to empower the black people in America. It was a cry of pain from the black people and their response to the failure of the white power to deliver the promises they made to the black people. The movement developed from the Civil Righs Movement that had steadily acquired momentum through the 1950s-1960s. It marked the transition point in black-white association in America and also in how the blacks saw themselves. To some people, it was held as a positive and proactive force with the aim of assisting the blacks accomplish full equality with the whites, but others reviled it as a militant because sometimes violent could occur with the goal to drive a wedge between the whites and the blacks (Stolley, 1999). As a matter of fact, the Black Power movement was a complex situation that occurred at a time when the society and culture was being transformed throughout America and its legacy reveals that complexity.
The Black Power movements were reasonably successful in helping the colored people living in Ghettos. They arranged breakfast and medical care for the black people living in poor areas. Through this way, they were not assisting them to sustain themselves, but attempting to create their self-esteem. The movement also encouraged the black people to stand up to white people and defend themselves. They were also dedicated to arming oneself and defending themselves from racial hatred. Though in the concepts it aimed to help the black people in the fight against racism, it did not have the desired impact, but minor successes. Thus, although the Black Power aimed to push black rights further forward, and it did in some cases bring black people together and raise the self-esteem and have minor successes; it did not ultimately have a plan and radical, such as Stojelely Carmichael meant the federal government would be imminent. (Stolley, 1999) Because of its unrealistic aims and no defined goals to achieve, such as the erasing of Jim Crow Law, the black power was not really successful.
Stolley, Richard B. Turbulent Years: The 60s. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life, 1999. Print.