Bullying is the use of physical, psychological and verbal aggression to intimidate others to submit to the will of another individual. There are cases of bullying in the workplace, schools, and even your own home. Once the victim appears to be vulnerable, the bully will then become comfortable with their behavior. At that time they will single out specific individuals to torment verbally or physically which can cause the victim to have low self-esteem and developmental issues. Bullies are often people that were bullied themselves before. They learn from their experiences that the bully has power and control, they imitate the actions of the bully on a victim of their own – somebody they feel stronger than, somebody who is unlikely to resist (Bullying 2010). A few reasons why people bully are for the sense of power to get what they want, to add to their image, and jealousy. First reason individuals choose to become bullies is for the sense of power to get what they want. In order to be happy, bullies need to have the upper hand.
Many people would like to have their way with others all the time, but do not feel the need to force anyone to do anything against their will. Bullies are rewarded for exerting power over others by gaining greater power, which reinforces this negative behavior (Furlong, Soliz, Simental 2004). The type of people that are targeted by a bully would be a person with low self-esteem. One who is excluded from the rest of their peers and rejected by most. People with these characteristics are easier to take advantage of and the bully will get what he or she wants. In some cases individuals that become bullies have had a bully of their own in the past and are just imitating what was done to them. They notice how the bully was able to get whatever he or she wanted just by using force. It is said that bullies can be described as angry or depressed which causes them to act on impulse. Popularity is another reason why individuals become bullies. The desire to be liked and accepted by their peers of higher status becomes important and a bully will do whatever it takes to get that attention.
Making friends is not always an easy thing to do. In some cases a child may feel as if they must decide to be the quiet victim or the over aggressive bully, not realizing that there is an in between point. It is great to be a part of the popular group, however; making good friends is really what is important. The status should not make a difference. Children who bully, are more likely than other children to experience peer rejection, conduct problems, anxiety, and academic difficulties, which causes them to engage in rule-breaking behavior. Victims of these bullies are being tormented everyday just for the sake of the bully being liked. Some students are able to handle the harassing gestures while others are not and resort to taking their own lives. A final trait that may cause an individual to become a bully is jealousy. They wish that they could have what their victims have. The bullies are attempting to make up for what they themselves do not have. The bullies are trying to create an image because they are not happy with their current one and need a sense of power over others in order to be happy. In this sense the bully is also a victim (Hutchinson Encylopedia 2010).
This shows a sign of depression, and can eventually send a child into a life of crime as they get older due to the desire to get what they do not have. In conclusion, bullies are looking to have power over others in order to get what they want. Being accepted by their peers plays a large part in a bully’s action. A bully may feel that tormenting or using aggressive behavior is the best way to go. That may be because the bully was bullied himself or herself and knows that it worked for their bully. They are looking to find their place in the school. Bullies also become very jealous of what other individuals have that he or she does not have. For victims, the act of bullying can have lasting consequences, which may include constant fear, reduced self-esteem, and anxiety. In addition to that, research suggests that students targeted by bullies in school are likely to experience adult criminal victimization over the students who were never bullied.
Bullying. (2010). In The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide. Retrieved from http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.credoreference.com/entry/heliconhe/bullying Furlong, Michael J., Soliz , Alicia C., Simental, Jenne M. (2004). Bullying and Abuse on School Campuses. In Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Retrieved from http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.credoreference.com/en