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Child Development Essay Sample

Child Development Pages
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Most babies will start to respond quickly as soon as born, babies grow quickly and some develop quicker than others. it is most important for parents to have all the right skills for their children to grow and develop in all area’s e.g physical, intelectual,language,emotional,social.

Physical development
0-3months- babies tend to sleep most of the time and they grow fast. They need opurtunities where they can play and exercise with different kinds of toys e.g soft toys, books. They also need to be able to listen to different sounds and feel different textures. At this age they start to kick their legs and gradually the movement willl become smoother, same with their hands. 3-9months- babies will start to move their head round following people or objects. babies will start to enjoy different activies such as finger rhymes, playtime in the bath and experimenting in different toys,textures. From about 6 months babies can sit up without any support and will start to lift themselves up onto the sofa for e.g and pull themselfs across. They learn how to sit up into a sitting position by themself. 9-1 an half years- At this stage babies are using gross motor skills they are able to control there movements, there able to control the feet and stand. Babies can usually say two or three words and respond to commands.

They start to sleep for longer at this stage usually around 12 hours and have two naps per day. Babies are able to feed themselves with a spoon. 1-3years- They are now able to do things like walking the stairs one step at a time, they are able to do things for themself such as, putting there shoes on. At this age they have more bowel control, this makes them a lot more independant. Toddlers are now able to kick and throw a ball and also have more eye co-ordination they are able to complete simple puzzles. 3-6years- There balance now becomes more stable and they are able to do things such as dancing and skipping. Starting to develop good balance and co-ordination. They have enough skills to draw and copy things, and are able to print a few letters. 6-12 years- At this age they are very energetic and take part in many acivities for e/g football,dancing,gymnastics. They’re developing new skills and are able to put this into there performances. A child now has a bigger appetite due to how active they are. The height and weight of a child now increases at a steady rate. 12-18 years-

Intellectual development
0-3months- Even in the womb babies can start to recognise their parents voice especially their mothers so when born babies respond to the voices that are more familiar to them than the unfamiliar ones. babies experiment by putting everything into there mouths and will get their attention with things that move e.g different toys and things with bright colours and bold images. 3-9 months- babies start to recognise sounds and images that are familiar, they know different individuals at this point and recognise familiar faces. They start to observe what happens at home and when they’re out and about. They will start to look for something for e/g looking under tables, sofa etc. 9-1 and half years- Able to say one or two more words such as ‘mumma’ ‘dadda’, they are able to point to things on their bodies such as ‘nose’ ‘mouth’. Understand that they can look for something at this point and are much more adventurous climbing to look for things.

1-3years- A child now can draw particular things such as a head and a body. They’re speech is now understandable most of the time as they are able to talk in sentences. They start to use pronouns for each other such as ‘i’ and ‘you’. They tend to immitate others such as ‘on the phone’ ‘cooking’. 3-6years- They will now be able to draw a full person with details such as eyes and hair. They now have things which they like and dislike for e.g foods. If in discussion they are now able to have input with there idea’s ask questions and will engage in discussion. They can talk in full sentences in conversation. Able to complete a puzzle with no help from an adult. Language

0-3months- Again babies respond to voices that they are familiar with and will stop crying when they hear these voice mainly the mothers voice. They will cry to show that they need something and will calm down when picked up and comforted. From this age the baby will be able to respond to sounds and may even turn their head when hearing it. They start to recognise their own voices and start to ‘babble’ 3-9 months- Babies at this stage can understand peoples names but will not be able to say them, they would just babble. They take interest into things such as books and starts to enjoy looking through at the pictures. From about 7 months they will start to use short words such as ‘mama’ ‘dada’, these are mainly there first words. Will start to play games such as ‘Peeka boo’ and will try to immitate. Its usually this stage a baby will start to laugh and will shout when angry or wants attention. 9-1 and half years-

Emotional
0-3months- At this age the child begins to get attached to the parents inparticular the mother and does not like being left with unfamiliar people. it goes through different emotions such as being really happy or really sad. 3-9 months- Babies will have strong attachment to their mother and father and are more aware of strangers. They start to build relationships with other people they see regulary such as carer,family members. starts to develop stronger emotions through facial expressions and body language. babies will start to understand when there is anger and will start to get distressed by it such as crying. By this point babies can respond to what they like and what they dislike for e.g push away food/drinks. 9-1 and half years- babies like giving cuddles and does not like seperation for caregiver, will cry when seperated. babies go through emotions which they are not able to identify, picking them up keeps them comforted. Babies now trust the parents/ caregiver. social

0-3months- The child starts to smile back at others if in a happy mood especially family members. It cries to communicate to others and then stop crying when listening. 3-9months-Babies will respond to their names and are familiar with most family members. responds to others by making noices. Responds nicely to others and family members but very wary of strangers. 9-1 and half years- Babies start to extend there attachment to others than caregivers. They start meeting their own needs by picking what toys they want, they are able to feed thereselves and able to lift themselfs to reach objects.

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