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Concept of God Essay Sample

Concept of God Pages
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In Islamic theology, God (Arabic: الله‎ Allah ) is the all-powerful and all-knowing creator, sustainer, designer, and judge of the universe. Islam emphasizes that God is strictly singular (tawḥīd ) unique (wāḥid ) and inherently One (aḥad ), all-merciful and omnipotent. Allah is the term with no plural or gender.

Names and Attributes of God
In Islam, there are 99 Names of God (al-asmāʼ al-ḥusná lit. meaning: “The best names”) each of which evoke a distinct attribute of God. All these names refer to Allah, the supreme and all-comprehensive divine name.[9] Among the 99 names of God, the most famous and most frequent of these names are “the Compassionate” (al-raḥmān) and “the Merciful” (al-raḥīm). Oneness Allah

The One true God is a reflection of the unique concept that Islam associates with God. To a Muslim, Allah is the Almighty Creator and Sustainer of the universe, who is similar to nothing and nothing, is comparable to Him. The Prophet Muhammad was asked by his contemporaries about Allah; the answer came directly from God Himself in the form of a short chapter of the Qur’an, which is considered to be the essence of the unity or the motto of monotheism. This is chapter 112, which reads: “In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate. Say (O Muhammad), He is God, the One God, the Everlasting Refuge, who has not begotten, nor has been begotten, and equal to Him is not anyone”. “God has not taken to Himself any son, nor is there any god with Him: for then each god would have taken of that which he created and some of them would have risen up over others” (23:91). Merciful

Some non-Muslims claim that God in Islam is a demanding and cruel. God who demands to be obeyed fully and does not love and kind. It is enough to know that, with the exception of one, each of the 114 chapters of the Qur’an begins with the verse “In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate”. In one of the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), we are told that “God is more loving and kind than a mother to her dear child”. The believer’s

In order to be a true believer, one must believe in the absolute oneness of God, as the only Creator, Preserver and Nourisher of everything. However, this belief in the true characteristics of God is not the sole condition of true faith; one must also acknowledge that God is the only one who deserves to be worshipped. His commands and guidelines for how to live one’s life should always take precedence over the commands of anything He created. Indeed, He guides humanity to what is best for them in this life and the hereafter and He is All-Knowing and All-Wise. When true faith enters a person’s heart, it positively impacts their outlook and behavior. The Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) said, “Faith is that which resides firmly in the heart and which is proved by actions.” “It is God who has given you the night in which to rest and the day in which to see. God is truly bountiful to people, but most people do not give thanks. Such is God your Lord, the Creator of all things: there is no god but Him. How can you be so deluded? [40:61-62] Monotheism

All the major religions that believe in the existence of God ultimately, on a higher level, believe in one God. All religious scriptures actually speak about monotheism i.e. Believe in only one true God The primary pillar of Islamic belief clearly states that there is nothing worthy of worship except God. Associating partners with God or attributing qualities of lesser beings to Him is considered to be the greatest sin in Islam. The Quran points out the faulty thinking of those who worship other than God: “‘How can you worship things you carve with your own hands, when it is God who has created you and all your handiwork?’” [37:95-96] Hinduism

The most popular among the Aryan religions is Hinduism. ‘Hindu’ is actually a Persian word that stands for the inhabitants of the region beyond the Indus Valley. However, in common parlance, Hinduism is a blanket term for an assortment of religious beliefs, most of which are based on the Vedas, the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita. Common Concept of God

Hinduism is commonly perceived as a polytheistic religion. Indeed, most Hindus would attest to this, by professing belief in multiple Gods. While some Hindus believe in the existence of three gods, some believe in thousands of gods. However, learned Hindus, who are well competent in their scriptures, insist that a Hindu should believe in and worship only one God. The major difference between the Hindu and the Muslim perception of God is the common Hindus’ belief in the philosophy of Pantheism. Pantheism considers everything, living and non-living, to be Divine and Sacred. The common Hindu, therefore, considers everything as God. He considers the trees as God, the sun as God, the moon as God, the monkey as God, the snake as God and even human beings as manifestations of God! Concept of God according to Hindu Scriptures

Brahman
In Hinduism, Brahman is the one supreme, universal Spirit that is the origin and support of the phenomenal universe. Brahman is sometimes referred to as the Absolute or Godhead which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything in and beyond this universe. Brahman is conceived as personal (“with qualities”), impersonal (“without qualities”) and/or supreme depending on the philosophical school. Svayam bhagavan

Svayam bhagavan is a Sanskrit theological term that refers to the concept of absolute representation of the monotheistic God as Bhagavan himself within Hinduism. It is most often used in Gaudiya Vaishnava Krishna-centered theology as referring to Krishna. The title Svayam Bhagavan is used exclusively to designate Krishna. Certain other traditions of Hinduism consider him to be the source of all avatars, and the source of Vishnu himself, or to be the same as Narayana. As such, he is therefore regarded as Svayam Bhagavan Monotheism

Hinduism has often been considered to be polytheistic because of one leading denomination, which follows the philosophy of absolute monism, and includes worship of all kinds of personal forms of God. Absolute monists see one unity with all personal forms of God as different aspects of one Supreme Being, like a single beam of light separated into colors by a prism. Thus Smartas consider all personal forms of God as equal including Devi, Vishnu, Siva, Ganesh and Skanda but generally limit the recognized forms to be six. Additionally, like Judeo-Christian traditions which believe in angels, Hindus also believe in less powerful entities, such as devas. Judaism

Judaism is one of the important Semitic religions. Its followers are known as Jews and they believe in the prophetic mission of Prophet Moses. The conception of God in Judaism is strictly monotheistic. God is an absolute one indivisible incomparable being who is the ultimate cause of all existence. Jewish tradition teaches that the true aspect of God is incomprehensible and unknowable, and that it is only God’s revealed aspect that brought the universe into existence, and interacts with mankind and the world. YHWH

The name YHWH is known as the Tetragrammaton—literally, “the four letters”. Jews traditionally do not pronounce it, and instead refer to God as HaShem, literally “the Name”. In prayer this name is substituted with Adonai, meaning “the Possessor of all things”. The name YHWH is a combination of the future, present, and past tense of the verb “howa” meaning “to be” and translated literally means “The self-existent One”. A further explanation of the name was given to Moses when YHWH stated “I will be that I will be”, the name relates to God as God truly is, God’s revealed essence, which transcends the universe. It also represents God’s compassion towards the world. In Jewish tradition another name of God is Elohim, relating to the interaction between God and the universe, God as manifest in the physical world, it designates the justice of God, and means “the One who is the totality of powers, forces and causes in the universe”. Monotheism

Judaism is based on a strict monotheism. This doctrine expresses the belief in one indivisible God. The worship of multiple gods (polytheism) and the concept of a Singular God having multiple persons (as in the doctrine of Trinity) are equally unimaginable in Judaism. The statement par excellence in terms of defining God is the Shema Yisrael, originally appearing in the Hebrew Bible: “Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One”. [Deut. 6:4] God is conceived of as eternal, the creator of the universe, and the source of morality. God has the power to intervene in the world. The term God thus corresponds to an actual ontological reality, and is not merely a projection of the human psyche. Maimonides describes God in this fashion: “There is a Being, perfect in every possible way, who is the ultimate cause of all existence. All existence depends on God and is derived from God.” Names

The seven names for God over which scribes must exercise particular care, and which one is not allowed to erase a letter are: YHWH, El, Eloah, Elohim, Elohay, Shaddai, Tzeva’ots

Christianity
In Christianity, God is the eternal being that created and preserves the world. Christians believe God to be both supreme and internal. However, the Christian teachings of the involvement of God, and his love for humanity exclude the belief that God is of the same substance as the created universe. Christianity is a Semitic religion, which claims to have nearly 1.2 billion adherents all over the world. Christianity owes its name to Jesus Christ (peace be on him). The Holy Bible is the sacred scripture of the Christians Jesus Christ

One may ask, if both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus, where exactly is the parting of ways? The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians’ insistence on the supposed divinity of Christ. A study of the Christian scriptures reveals that Jesus never claimed divinity. In fact there is not a single unequivocal statement in the entire Bible where Jesus himself says, “I am God” or where he says, “Worship me”. In fact the Bible contains statements attributed to Jesus in which he preached quite the contrary. The following statements in the Bible are attributed to Jesus Christ: (i) “My Father is greater than I.”

[The Bible, John 14:28]
(ii) “My Father is greater than all.”
[The Bible, John 10:29]
Attributes of God
In the 8th century, John of Damascus listed eighteen attributes for God in his An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith (Book 1, Chapter 8).These eighteen attributes were divided into four groups based on time (e.g. being everlasting), space (e.g. being boundless), matter or quality. Two attributes of God that place him above the world, yet acknowledge his involvement in the world are transcendence and immanence. Transcendence means that God is eternal and infinite, not controlled by the created world and beyond human events. Immanence, on the other hand means that God is involved in the world. However, unlike pantheistic religions, in Christianity God’s being is not of the substance of the created universe. Monotheism

There is a common perception that Christianity has always been following the doctrines like Trinity , Original Sin, Redemption . After doctrinal differences with Paul, the monotheists like Barnabas did not sit idle but continued preaching the true message of monotheism of Jesus Christ. The followers of Barnabas never developed a central organ­ization. Yet due to the truthfulness of simple theology and devotion of their leaders, their number increased very fast. These Christians incurred the wrath of the Church and systematic effort was made to destroy them and to obliterate all traces of their existence including books and churches. The lesson of history, however, is that it is very difficult to destroy faith by force.

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