Evaluate the effectiveness of the domestic and international legal systems in dealing with international crime. (This is basically the one you helped us on in class, as I just wanted to get all the essays done, it is a little different in some areas but not many.)
There are various domestic and international measures in dealing with international crime as it affects the international community. Two major categories of International Crime include: crimes against humanity and transnational crimes. There are various measures in international and domestic crime, which can be effective, such as mutual assistance, extradition, development and success/limitations of the ICC and juvenile people smugglers.
Mutual assistance represents a problematic area for national government when dealing with international crim. Mutual assistance is the term used to describe the request by one government to another for assistance in regard to criminal investigations and prosecutions. In 2005 Australia provided mutual assistance to Indonesian police to stop two Australians who were carrying heroin, which represents complexity with international crime.
Extradition also plays an important part in the context of international crime, it is the process of returning to a jurisdiction a person who has either been convicted of a crime of a crime in that jurisdiction or accused of committing a crime, and has subsequently left the jurisdiction. Australia has signed over 130 agreements with other countries. In Australia, we have a relevant act, which is The Extradition Act 1988 (CTH) and Australia currently uses the “no evidence rule” in cases such as the Bonic Case.
Since the end of the World Wars, international criminal tribunals have had a growing role in the prosecution of international crime. In November 1945 the allied powers got together and showed procedural fairness against the Nazi officials. For crimes against humanity, this was the first time this occurred on a global scale. In the 1990s war crime tribunals for Rwanda (1994) and Yugoslavia (1993) were established.