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Filmic Techniques Essay Sample

Filmic Techniques Pages
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• An establishing shot is usually the first shot of a new scene, designed to show the audience where the action is taking place. It is usually a very wide shot or extreme wide shot.

• To orientate the viewer to the flow of the narrative by alerting the audience to the beginning of a new sequence, but does not itself carry narrative information.

Effect: When the director wants the responder (us) to understand the emotion being experienced by the character or something unique about their physical features. Creates an intimacy between the character and the viewer.

• The camera moves closer to one of the figures or objects in the scene, showing it in detail, usually a face.
• Commonly zoomed in or out of
• Used as cutaways from a distant shot to show detail
• Can be used to show hand activity or something important on the subject’s body

Extreme Close Up Shot

When the camera focuses on a part of an object or face in detail.

Effect: shows tension, focuses on a clue, draws the audience into the emotional engagement between characters.

Medium Shot
A medium shot focuses on the figure in the frame and shows a person from the waste up.

Effect:
Shows both the facial expression and some of the action.
Shows who is talking and where.
Shows body language which communicates how characters feel about each other.

Long shot
• Shows the subject’s whole body and some of the background.
Effect
• Shows the action in relation to the setting
• Can lend mystery to a character

Extreme Long Shot
• The Extreme Long Shot can be taken from as much as a quarter of a mile away, and isgenerally used as a scene-setting, establishing shot.
• There will be very little detail visible in the shot, as it is meant to give a general impression rather than specific information.

Two Shot

A Two shot is a type of shot that is just wide enough to keep two people (subjects) within the limits of the frame.

Over the Shoulder shot
Definition: An over the shoulder shot is a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective or camera angle from the shoulder of another person (in the foreground).
Effects: An over the shoulder shot is used in conversation between two characters to show familiarity and relation

Overhead shot/Birds-eye-view
• A shot taken from a point immediately above the main action with the camera pointed down.
Effect:
• Creates an overall image of a scene or setting.
• Can make a street look like a map or a city look like a maze of ants’ nest.

Point of View Shot
• The camera becomes the character’s eyes and sees things only from that character’s point of view.
• Effect: we are made to be on the character’s journey – we are taking the journey with them.

Wide Shot
A wide shot is used to capture a large portion of an area.
It is a landscape photo and is very effective in showing a large environment

The Tilt Shot

The tilt shot is similar to the pan shot, but the tilt
shot moves vertically instead of horizontally. Tilt shots are often used to show the vertical significance of something. For example, imagine being at the bottom of a building and then tilting the camera upwards to capture the entire building structure (which obviously can’t fit in one frame).

Low Angle Shot
• A low angle shot is a shot taken with the camera in a position below the eye line and pointing upward at the subject.
• It makes them look bigger and is often used when the director wants us to feel that a character is dominant OR sinister (evil).

High Angle Shot
• The Camera is higher than the subject
• The camera is ABOVE the subject/scene, looking DOWN. Makes figures and objects look small and lacking power.
• To make the characterlook insignificant, vulnerable or afraid.

Eye Level Shot
• The camera is located at normal eye level in relation to the subject.
• It is the angle which is most like a normal eye view of the scene. It tends to suggest a “real life” effect.
• It tends to make the character appear in control of him or herself or equal to other characters.

Montage
• A technique of film editing in which several elements or shots are assembled to give a single main idea.

•The arrangement of everything that appears in the frame including -actors
-lighting
-décor
-props
-costume

French for:
“Placing on Stage”

Mise-en Scene

Diegetic sound
Sound whose source is visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film.
Examples include:
• voices of characters
• sounds made by objects in film
• music represented as coming from instruments

Non-diegetic sound
• Sound whose source is neither visible on the screen nor has been implied to be present in the action:
• narrator’s commentary, sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect, mood music
• Non-diegetic sound is represented as coming from the a source outside story space.
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ttZUQbcIufc&feature=related

Colours
What they mean

White
• Innocence
• Purity
• Cleanliness
• Surrender

Black

Elegance
Class
Prestige
Danger
Night
Foreboding
Evil
Remorse
Mourning
Unhappiness

Pink

Childish Innocence
Femininity
Womanhood
Life
Good health
Love
Purity
Sexuality

Green

Nature
Environment
Good luck
Youth
Jealousy
Envy
Vigor

Blue

Purity
Water
Peace
Calm
Stability
Loyalty
Depression
Femininity

Red

Blood
Murder
Lust
Infatuation
Danger
Passion
Aggression
Fire

Yellow

Happiness
Joy
Optimism
Excitement
Deceit
Cowardice
Illness
Hazard

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  • film
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