• An establishing shot is usually the first shot of a new scene, designed to show the audience where the action is taking place. It is usually a very wide shot or extreme wide shot.
• To orientate the viewer to the flow of the narrative by alerting the audience to the beginning of a new sequence, but does not itself carry narrative information.
Effect: When the director wants the responder (us) to understand the emotion being experienced by the character or something unique about their physical features. Creates an intimacy between the character and the viewer.
• The camera moves closer to one of the figures or objects in the scene, showing it in detail, usually a face.
• Commonly zoomed in or out of
• Used as cutaways from a distant shot to show detail
• Can be used to show hand activity or something important on the subject’s body
Extreme Close Up Shot
When the camera focuses on a part of an object or face in detail.
Effect: shows tension, focuses on a clue, draws the audience into the emotional engagement between characters.
A medium shot focuses on the figure in the frame and shows a person from the waste up.
Shows both the facial expression and some of the action.
Shows who is talking and where.
Shows body language which communicates how characters feel about each other.
• Shows the subject’s whole body and some of the background.
• Shows the action in relation to the setting
• Can lend mystery to a character
Extreme Long Shot
• The Extreme Long Shot can be taken from as much as a quarter of a mile away, and isgenerally used as a scene-setting, establishing shot.
• There will be very little detail visible in the shot, as it is meant to give a general impression rather than specific information.
A Two shot is a type of shot that is just wide enough to keep two people (subjects) within the limits of the frame.
Over the Shoulder shot
Definition: An over the shoulder shot is a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective or camera angle from the shoulder of another person (in the foreground).
Effects: An over the shoulder shot is used in conversation between two characters to show familiarity and relation
• A shot taken from a point immediately above the main action with the camera pointed down.
• Creates an overall image of a scene or setting.
• Can make a street look like a map or a city look like a maze of ants’ nest.
Point of View Shot
• The camera becomes the character’s eyes and sees things only from that character’s point of view.
• Effect: we are made to be on the character’s journey – we are taking the journey with them.
A wide shot is used to capture a large portion of an area.
It is a landscape photo and is very effective in showing a large environment
The Tilt Shot
The tilt shot is similar to the pan shot, but the tilt
shot moves vertically instead of horizontally. Tilt shots are often used to show the vertical significance of something. For example, imagine being at the bottom of a building and then tilting the camera upwards to capture the entire building structure (which obviously can’t fit in one frame).
Low Angle Shot
• A low angle shot is a shot taken with the camera in a position below the eye line and pointing upward at the subject.
• It makes them look bigger and is often used when the director wants us to feel that a character is dominant OR sinister (evil).
High Angle Shot
• The Camera is higher than the subject
• The camera is ABOVE the subject/scene, looking DOWN. Makes figures and objects look small and lacking power.
• To make the characterlook insignificant, vulnerable or afraid.
Eye Level Shot
• The camera is located at normal eye level in relation to the subject.
• It is the angle which is most like a normal eye view of the scene. It tends to suggest a “real life” effect.
• It tends to make the character appear in control of him or herself or equal to other characters.
• A technique of film editing in which several elements or shots are assembled to give a single main idea.
•The arrangement of everything that appears in the frame including -actors
“Placing on Stage”
Sound whose source is visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film.
• voices of characters
• sounds made by objects in film
• music represented as coming from instruments
• Sound whose source is neither visible on the screen nor has been implied to be present in the action:
• narrator’s commentary, sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect, mood music
• Non-diegetic sound is represented as coming from the a source outside story space.
What they mean