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Genres in Writing Essay Sample

Genres in Writing Pages
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1. Review Test I for questions on Genres of Writing. Be prepared to answer questions by giving examples. Genres are types of writing. Each genre has a specific purpose. Forms are subcategories of genres. Nonfiction Narratives: Diaries and journal entries, blogs, biography, personal narratives and eyewitness accounts, Memoirs, Reflective Essays E.g. Sandra Cisneros’ Straw into Gold Fiction Narratives: Realistic Fiction, Fantasy Story, Historical Fiction, Mystery Stories, Myth and Legends, Science Fiction and Tall Tales. E.g. Beka Lamb, Pecos Bill, Sherlock Holmes Poetry and Description is a genre marked by: rhythm, rhyme and precise language Kinds of Poetry: Sonnet, Haiku, Ballad, Free Verse and Prose Poem Exposition as a genre: relies on facts to inform and explain Expository Writing: Analytical Essay, Cause and Effect Essay, Pro-con Essay, Compare and Contrast essay, Classification essay, Problem-Solution essay, Newspaper/magazine articles, internet articles and on demand writing Workplace Writing: college applications, job applications, business and friendly letters, resume and memos. Research Writing: statistical analysis, annotated biographies, research reports and documented essays. Persuasive writing: letters to the editor, op-eds, reviews, propaganda, editorials, persuasive/argumentative essays and advertisements. Writing for media: scripts, blogs, advertisements,

2. Be able to identify the following terms:
a. Narrative writing- to describe a sequence of events or experience in the form of a story. b. Descriptive writing- uses sensory words to create a clear picture of what is happening c. Expository writing- seeks to communicate ideas and information to specific audiences and for specific purposes. d. Definition essay- draws on a writer’s emotional experience to describe something abstract. e. Oxymoron- A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g., bitter sweet). f. Onomatopoeia-The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named. g. Simile-a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing to another of different kind using “as” or “like” h. Metaphor- a word or phrase is applied to an object or action which it is not literally applicable i. Irony-The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

j. Alliteration- the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words k. Assonance- the repetition of vowel sound to create internal rhyming with phrases or sentences and together with alliteration and consonance series as on of the building blocks of verse. l. Consonance- the recurrence of similar sounds especially consonants in close proximity m. Hyperbole-Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally n. Personification- putting human like qualities to inanimate objects o. Parody-An imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect. p. Dialect-A particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group. q. Dialogue-Conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie. r. Monologue-A long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast program s. Understatement-The presentation of something as being smaller or less good or important than it actually is t. Anecdote-A short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.

u. Denotation- The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests. v. Connotation-An idea or feeling that a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning w. Myth-A traditional story, esp. one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically… x. Prose Poem- takes form of non-verse writing. May look like a short story on a page y. Refrain-A repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typically at the end of each verse. z. Point of view-(in fictional writing) The narrator’s position in relation to the story being told {. Haiku- form of no rhyming lyric poetry that was first developed in japan |. Plot- (in fictional writing) The narrator’s position in relation to the story being told. }. Cinquain- a class of poetic forms that employ a 5-line pattern ~. Sonnet – form of rhyming lyric poetry with set rules. It is 14 lines long and usually follows a rhythm scheme called iambic pentameter. Each line has ten syllables and every other syllable is accented. . Ballad- is a form of lyric poetry that expresses the poet’s emotion toward someone or something. . Limerick-A humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming . Rhythm- correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words . Internal rhyme

. Free verse- is a poetry that has no regular rhyme, rhythm, or form. It capture the patterns of natural speech. . Novel-A fictitious prose narrative of book length, typically representing character and action with some degree of realism . Short story-A story with a fully developed theme but significantly shorter and less elaborate than a novel

GRAMMAR
Know the difference for the following:
A. Between/among- between connection of 2. Among 3+ items
B. Affect/effect- affect is a verb. Effect is a noun
C. Besides/beside- besides mean in “addition to.” Beside is “next to”
D. Fewer/less-

Vocabulary
Word bank includes:
1. Engross-Absorb all the attention or interest of
2. Indifferent-Having no particular interest or sympathy; unconcerned; neither good or bad
3. Intractable- Hard to control or deal with.
4. Defensive-Used or intended to defend or protect: “troops in defensive positions
5. Critical- Expressing adverse or disapproving judgments
6. Detrimental- Tending to cause harm.
7. Relentless- Oppressively constant; incessant. Harsh; inflexible
8. Demolish- Pull or knock down
9. Salvage- Rescue
10. Reliant- relying on another for support

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