# Goodwill by Tom Clendon Essay Sample

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Following the revisions to IFRS3 Business Combinations and IAS27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements in January 2008 there is now two ways of measuring the goodwill and the non controlling interest (NCI) that arises on the acquisition of a subsidiary. Traditional / Proportionate method

The traditional measurement of goodwill on the acquisition of a subsidiary is the excess of the fair value of the consideration given by the parent over the parent’s share of the fair value of the net assets acquired. This method can be referred to as the proportionate method. It determines only the goodwill that is attributable to the parent company. Accordingly the NCI share of the net assets of the subsidiary determines the NCI without any goodwill being attributable.

New / Gross method
The new method of measuring goodwill on the acquisition of the subsidiary is to compare the fair value of the whole of the subsidiary (as represented by the fair value of the consideration given by the parent and the fair value of the non controlling interest) with all of the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired. This method can be referred to as the gross or full goodwill method. It determines the goodwill that relates to the whole of the subsidiary i.e. goodwill that is both attributable to the parent’s interest and the non controlling interest (NCI). Accordingly the NCI can be determined as the FV of the NCI at acquisition plus the NCI share of the post acquisition profits.

Consider
Saracens acquires an 80% interest in the equity shares of Borthwick for consideration of \$500 when the fair value of the non controlling interest (NCI) is \$100.The fair value of the net assets of Borthwick at acquisition is \$400 and is now \$550.

Required
1. Calculate the goodwill arising on the acquisition of Borthwick on a proportionate basis and the NCI at the year-end.
2. Calculate the gross goodwill arising on the acquisition of Borthwick and the NCI at the year-end.

Solution – goodwill and NCI on a proportionate basis
1. The proportionate goodwill arising is calculated by matching the consideration that the parent has given, with the interest that the parent acquires in the net assets of the subsidiary, to give the goodwill of the subsidiary that is attributable to the parent. Parent’s cost of investment at the fair value of consideration given

Less the parent’s share of the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired
Goodwill attributable to the parent

\$500
(80% x \$400)

(\$320)
\$180

The NCI at the year-end is simply the NCI’s share of the year-end net assets. NCI’s % of the year end net assets

(20% x \$550)

\$110

Solution – goodwill and NCI on a gross basis
2. The gross goodwill arising is calculated by matching the fair value of the whole business with the whole fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary
to give the whole goodwill of the subsidiary, attributable to both the parent and to the NCI.

Parent’s cost of investment at the fair value of consideration given
Fair value of the NCI
Less 100% of the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired
Gross goodwill

\$500

(100% x \$400)

\$100
(\$400)
\$200

The NCI at the year-end is calculated by updating the fair value of the NCI at acquisition for their share of the post acquisition profits. The parent’s share of the post acquisition profits is part of group profits. The post acquisition profits are the rise in the net assets of the subsidiary since acquisition i.e. \$150 (\$550 – \$400).

Fair value of the NCI at acquisition
Plus the NCI’s % of the post acquisition profit

(20% x \$150)

\$100
\$30
\$130

It is of course no co-incidence that with gross goodwill both the goodwill and the NCI are both \$20 larger than when calculated on a proportionate basis. This difference of \$20 is the goodwill attributable to the NCI.

In these examples goodwill is said to be a premium arising on acquisition. Such goodwill is positive goodwill and accounted for as an intangible asset in the group accounts, and subject to an annual impairment review.

Gross goodwill and the impairment review
Where goodwill has been calculated gross then any impairment loss will be allocated between the parent and the NCI in the normal proportion that they share profits and losses. Consider an impairment review of gross goodwill

At the year-end an impairment review is being conducted on Borthwick when the recoverable amount of the subsidiary \$700.
Required
Determine the outcome of the impairment review.
Solution
The impairment review of goodwill is really the impairment review of the net assets subsidiary and its’ goodwill as together they form a cash generating unit for which it is possible to ascertain a recoverable amount.

Impairment review
Carrying value
Net assets
Goodwill
Recoverable amount
Impairment loss

\$550
\$200
\$750
(\$700)
\$50

The impairment loss will be applied to write down the goodwill, so that the intangible asset of goodwill that will appear on the group statement of financial position will be \$150 (\$200 \$50). In the equity of the group statement of financial position the accumulated profits will be reduced by the parent’s share of the impairment loss on the gross goodwill i.e. \$40 (80% x \$50).

In the equity of the group statement of financial position the NCI will be reduced by the NCI’s share of the impairment loss on the gross goodwill i.e. \$10 (20% x \$50). The NCI that will appear on the group statement financial position will now be only \$120 (\$130 – \$10). In the income statement the impairment loss of \$50 will be charged as an extra operating expense. As the impairment loss relates to the gross goodwill of the subsidiary so it will reduce the profits for the year attributable to the NCI by \$10 (20% x \$50). Further studies

Further information on group accounts is contained in Tom Clendon’s book “A students guide to group accounts” published by Kaplan.
By Tom Clendon FCCA tutor at Kaplan Financial

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