The first theorist I chose is Urie Bronfenbrenner. Bronfenbrenner developed the ecological theory which explained how everything in a child and their environment affects how a child grows and develops. Bronfenbrenner’s theory consisted of four systems. The microsystem which is the immediate environment consists of family, friends, school, and the neighborhood the child lives in. The mesosystem is the second system which describes how the different parts of the microsystem work together. The third system is the exosystem consists of people and places that the child does not have immediate contact with, but the child is still affected by them. The final system is the macrosystem describes the cultural aspects such as economic status, cultural values, and politics. The second theorist I chose is Jean Piaget. Piaget’s theory was based off of four different stages of cognitive development. Piaget’s first stage is sensorimotor which lasts from the ages of birth to 2. During this stage babies learn by reacting to what they experience through their senses. During the preoperational stage which lasts from the ages 2 to 7, children use mental symbols to understand and interact.
Children begin to learn and use language in this stage. In the concrete operational stage which lasts from the ages of 7-11 children gain the ability to think logically to solve problems and organize information. The final stage which is formal operational begins around the age of 11. Older children begin to think more abstractly when solving problems. The third theorist I chose is Erik Erikson. Erikson’s has 8 stages in his psychosocial theory of development. The stages are in order in which they unfold: trust versus mistrust; autonomy versus shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry versus inferiority; identity versus identity diffusion; intimacy versus isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and integrity versus despair. Each stage explains what types of stimulation children need to master that stage and become productive and well – adjusted members of society and explains the types of problems and developmental delays that can result when this stimulation does not occur. Step Two:
I work as a child care director and I am also attending Kendall College to achieve my degree. Some nights I am able to leave work early and pick my son up from the same daycare I work at but it’s in a different location. Some nights I might not make it by the time they close due to complications at my location which may be that a parent did not pick up their child in time. On the nights that my I am unable to pick him up, he goes home with my best friend who lives above me and also works at the child care facility he attends. On the nights that I get home late I am unable to spend time a decent amount of time with him, because I have to prepare a quick meal, he has to have a bath and then it is off to bed. I try to make up for the time by finding activities for him and me to do together. I want him to feel loved and don’t ever want him to feel like I don’t have time for him. This is an example of how his exosystem affects him. One of the activities that we play with our mobile children in the infant room is Hide and Seek.
This is an example of object permanence which occurs in the sensorimotor stage. We noticed that when an infant is around the ages of 8-9 months they start to achieve object permanence. We will take a ball for instance and hide it inside of a box and the infant will attempt to find it by either trying to peek under the box or look inside. I have always taught my son to be independent. He started dressing himself when he was about three. One of the problems he had was putting his socks on backwards. He would turn the sock around and place the heel part on the front of his foot. I remember he would get upset, and at times would cry out of frustration. When I would take the sock and try to put it on he would get upset and try to do it himself. What I decided to do was make sure that when I put my socks on he would put his on at the same time so that we could do it together so he could see what I was doing. That worked out very well for us. That’s just one example of Erikson’s second stage. Step Three:
I feel that a big part of a child’s development is influenced by their environment. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory to me covers all aspects of a child’s environment that can help aid to their development. I believe that you learn through your experiences by manipulating materials and engaging and exploring your environment. I am a strong supporter of the Creative Curriculum which structures the environment and activities based on the needs of the children.