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Sociology Paper: Race and Ethnicity Essay Sample

Sociology Paper: Race and Ethnicity Pages
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One problem that seems to be increasing over time is the unmarried birth rates in America. Increasing from 18.4% of all births in 1980 to over 40% in 2010(FP-12-06), the current rate is showing that over the last 3 decades teens are becoming more apt to engage in pre-marital sex. The changing in norms and values over the past three decades has lead to a huge increase in unmarried birth rates increasing. It’s not really against cultural norms to engage in the hook-up or have sex with more than one partner in your life like it used to be. Over half of all minority births were to unmarried women, with an alarming 74% of births among black women, 54% to Hispanics(FP-12-06). 74% of blacks while nearly 50% of them were single, also common amongst Hispanics almost 20%(FP-12-06). On the other hand Whites are at a low 30% total of all births being premarital (FP-12-06). Among teens experiencing a nonmarital birth, 45% of the babies were born to single mothers versus 44% to cohabiting mothers(FP-12-06).

According to statistics, the increase of age is related to increased rate of cohabiting unmarried births, with a decrease in single mothers. Based on statistics mothers who are less educated are more likely to have premarital birth than those who are highly educated. Minorities leading the way with the most premarital babies, over half being single mothers, this plays a big role in a majority being drop and having to work to support the baby. Causing a developing an endless cycle amongst blacks and other minorities. With the mother having little education, education thus becomes second to the child, and only having one parent present can develop some withdrawal from love. Thus at a young age the child then goes searching for this love and can come at the cost of a premarital baby.

One out of every five children was born into poverty in 2010(FP-12-17), with higher levels amongst minorities. Amongst the minorities, blacks have the highest numbers with 38% native born and 34% foreign-born children born into poverty(FP-12-17). Hispanics are a very close second with 31% native born and 40% foreign-born children being born into poverty(FP-12-17). Whites and Asians are amongst the bottom with the lowest rates of child poverty birth rates(FP-12-17). A child being born into poverty can be due to a number of causes such as education level of the parents, age, or family trend. A child born into poverty is more likely to keep the endless cycle going and stay in poverty and have children at a young age thus bringing another child into poverty thus creating an endless cycle that’s very hard to break.

Thus being the reason being that Blacks and Hispanics, they tend to have children at a younger age and with no set partner makes education come second to supporting the child. With little education, finding a good job is very hard with the economic struggles multiple jobs are needed to stay a float for some. Of these single parent households 48% are mother only and 22% being father only, a minimal 11% of children born into poverty are from married couples(FP-12-17). Almost 50% of all children born into poverty the educational attainment of the parent are less than high school diploma(FP-12-17). The pattern seems inevitable, with Blacks and Hispanics starting younger than any other race and achieving lower levels of education leads to a higher percentage of birth rates into poverty.

Waiting for marriage before engaging in sexual reproduction seems to be a decreasing norm or value amongst our culture but for those who do wait the rewards are astounding hose who do wait to have a kid the average married couple waits 3 years before having their first-born child(FP-12-11). This can lead to both parents obtaining the desired level of education, and gives both parents time to land a steady job to support the family. Which decreases poverty level chances for the child and proves that the longer one waits the higher ones chances of education attainment may be which also lowers the poverty levels. Hispanic women come in with the least amount of waiting time with only 2.5 years to have their first born child, while blacks waiting 10-11 months longer than Hispanics, while whites wait on average 3.3 years(FP-12-11). The time between wedding day and the first-born child is a positive correlation with educational attainment. The median time for first birth of those with less than high school diploma is less than 22 months after marriage versus those with college education is almost twice as long with 44 months(FP-12-11).

Conflict perspective is based off of class struggle that focuses on the negative conflicts within ones society. Blacks and Hispanics first came to our society as slaves, factory workers, and had to earn citizenship, forced towards the bottom of the class hierarchy. Being in the bottom of the class can mean numerous things, having to works as slaves and indentured servants educational attainment was never any option, so therefore it was not a moral instilled into minority races. They than began having children born into this vicious cycle and they too had to follow in their parents footsteps, thus providing class struggle amongst these races which with class struggle amongst them must meant some other race being the whites or Europeans are benefiting from their struggles.

To this day minorities are fighting for many of the rights and equal attainment, being brought here in the bottom and working their way to the top has been a struggle. With the bottom of the social class and lower levels of education, lower income, jobs are more physical and demanding, those in lower levels are more like to marry in same class level. Thus being the main reason Hispanics and blacks are so likely to have children at younger age and obtain lower education levels and be stuck in poverty. Knowing only one way to live as children its been an instilled value from day one that has been hard to break from many minorities thus they started with their backs against the walls.

Works Cited

1)Payne, K.k, Manning, W.D., &Brown, S.L. (2012). Unmarried Births to Cohabiting and Single Mothers, 2005-2010 (FP-12-06). National Center for Family & Marriage research. https://elearning.bgsu.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_id=_2_1&url=%2fwebapps%2fblackboard%2fexecute%2flauncher%3ftype%3dCourse%26id%3d_235272_1%26url%3d

2)Payne, Krista K. (2012) Timing of First Marital Birth. (FP-12-11). National Center for Family & Marriage Research.
3)William, S. (2012). Child Poverty in the United States, 2010 (FP-12-17). National Center for Family & Marriage Research. https://elearning.bgsu.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_id=_2_1&url=%2

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