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Tests and Measurements Essay Sample

Tests and Measurements Pages
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The Name of the Test: Include also the date it was originally developed as well as the date of the current version. This should be done in a narrative form under the subheading The test critique is based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. This was a mother and daughter joint effort of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers developed the MBTI®. They have been fascinated with enduring work on Carl Jung’s theories in the 1920’s regarding psychological type preferences. Carl Jung believed that theories can be applied in real life situations as well as in real world applications. During World War II, Katherine and Isabel started exploring while establishing an indicator to be able to understand individual differences. Both felt that this tool will assist them place themselves with the right occupation that will suit their personality types. Basically, this will be very useful for individuals to have a healthier and more fulfilling life.

Myers introduced the first pen-and pencil version of this test during the 1940’s. Both women utilized this test in the beginning with their family and friends. This research continued for the next twenty years. It has noted that the theory of an individual’s traits can be assessed with through personality tests that have acknowledged a high level of importance.1 There are millions of individuals worldwide who have taken this Indicator test since its first publication in 1962. The third edition MBTI® appeared in 1998. Naomi Quenk was the coauthor of the 1998 revision of the MBTI Manual. Purpose of the Test: What is this test typically used for? Who is this test designed for, what does it measure? The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is a type of psychological test whereby a person would respond to questions without any assistance from anyone. It was developed to assist in identifying a person’s traits and personality. It served as a tool to analyze a person’s strengths and weaknesses and recognize individual’s personality preference.

It also served as a guide in in having a better understanding of how these personalities will fit in certain workplace or groups. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to assess psychological preferences. The test provides a perspective on how individuals understand their world as well as personal choices in everyday situations. The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) personality inventory is to make the theory of psychological types described by C. G. Jung understandable and applicable in people’s lives. His theory is simply people are consistent on how they react in certain situations. Jung has also related that the individuals’ behaviors are based on the how they prefer to react based on their perception and judgment. The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is to apply Carl Jung’s theory. This is a tool is affirm that it is not intended to assess individuals but place them in certain groups based on their preference of perception over judgment.

Perception is about the different aspects of becoming aware of our surroundings like people or situation as they come up. On the other hand, judgment knowing how an individual can arrive at conclusions regarding about what has been perceived. Given these assumptions, it can be inferred that if individuals would be consistently be distinct in what they perceive and in how they arrive at their conclusions. Therefore, it can be assumed that they differ correspondingly in their interests, reactions, values, motivations, and skills. In developing the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Isabel Briggs Myers, and her mother, Katharine Briggs objective was to give awareness of the personality type theory available to individuals and groups. They addressed the two related goals in the developments and application of the MBTI instrument. These are the identification of basic preferences of each of the four dichotomies included in Carl Jung’s theory and the identification and description of the 16 unique personality types that derive from the interactions among the preferences.

The Manual: How comprehensive and useful is the manual? If you cannot find information about the manual, you should state that after searching, the information was not available.

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® Manual was readily available online which was published by WC Personality, Inc. http://calpoly.edu/~cwang24/mbtimanual.pdf. The Manual was self-explanatory and quite intriguing. It identifies over the 16 different personality types. It gave an overview the adjective used to describe each personality. It gave a disclaimer that a specific type of personality would be superior to another personality trait.. It focused on each strengths and weaknesses. The intention of the MBTI is to have an appreciation of all the diversities of human beings and we can learn from each other. Furthermore, the Manual emphasizes not to be misled of one true self and each individual is unique from anyone else. It addresses on asking those who take this Indicator assessment to use their fair judgment with each situation as it comes up and most definitely be able validate their own preferences.

The test consisted of 93 questions which have two choices for each question. It can either be word pairs as well as short statements. The Manual goes over the four dichotomies such as extraverted (E) or Introverted (I), Sensing (S) or Intuition (N), Thinking (T) or Feeling (F) and Judging(J) or Perceiving (P). The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® Manual was quite comprehensive, easy to understand and would definitely be useful to for anyone who would utilize this test.

The Development of the Test: What information do you have about the test’s inception? What methods and procedures were used (e.g., empirical criterion keying, factor analysis, etc.) to create the test? What type of subtests included, if any or the different domains that are tested?

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® was inevitably associated with Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types in 1923. There is no wonder that this instrument had received high praises who are familiar with Jungian theory.3. This Indicator was based on item response theory. It is a self-report inventory that forced test taker to make choice with each question. In the most current Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI), Form Q Step II adapts the facet approach utilizing item response theory with the item selections while introducing a national normative sample.4 However, although the items were given forced-choice, it can be concluded that it is far from being indifferent because of the simplicity of the choices just like those true-false questions. Furthermore, the choices given are opposing and non-competing answers.5

Test Administration: How long does it take on the average to administer the test and what level of training is required for the users? The form M has 93 questions and should take anywhere from 20 – 30 minutes to complete. The questions are very easy to understand and non-invasive. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI) can be given at any level and does not require any training to respond to this self-inventory report. Norm Information: Describe the normative/standardization group. How was it selected? Was it stratified? Which populations is this test appropriate for?

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is designed for grades 9 and all the way to the adult. This is probably most appropriate to administer for normal group of subjects to be able to get the best results.

Reliability Information: What reliability results have been reported for the test? Give specifics. How would you describe the overall reliability in your own words based on what you know about whether a test is reliable or not…Be Specific? When Gerald A. Mendelsohn, Assistant Professor of Psychology from University of Berkeley in California reviewed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® published for 1943-62, he commented that the internal consistency reliabilities measured between .75 to .85. However, it had a low coefficient of .44 when it came to true-false questions. He also found small data in reference to the stability of the scores. He concluded that the reliabilities of this test would be very much alike to the instability of the true-false questionnaire.

Validity Information: What validity results have been reported for the test? Give specifics. How would you describe the overall validity in your own words based on what you know about whether a test is valid or not…Be Specific?

In the review made by Anthony J. Devito, Associate Director, Counseling
Center Fordham University in Bronx, NY, the validity of the data is related to the variable that was being measured such as personality typology. He also commented that the validity data that were mentioned in the manual indicated self-reporting of type and the task by the Indicator have a more precise relationship that was anticipated by random.

Critique: Based on the above, what do you believe are the strengths and weaknesses of the test…being specific and give your rationale?

The main strength of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is that this instrument is easy to administer to either an individual or group of people and the ability to get immediate results. One of the most favorable aspects of MBTI is this test giving acknowledgment for these individuals to achieve more self-acceptance and an appreciation for such diversities among other individuals. Furthermore, it also provides individuals a better understanding about themselves and an awareness of the variations in the work environment. Furthermore, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® has provided usefulness of Carl Jung’s theory of personality typology. On the other hand, since this is a self-report inventory test, the results rely on how the participant will answer. For example, moods can definitely affect how the individual would respond. Essentially, this means that individual could possibly make an error on how she/he will respond to certain questions.

Due to the fact this test contains ipsative items and may be forced to answer, this individual may consider replying to somewhat to one choice and somewhat to another choice. This means that the test may be reliable but not always valid. However, when I took the test online, I thought that this test was a pretty accurate description of me. I am very introvert and not too concern about what is going on in the world. I enjoyed working alone on any project because I like to stay focus on the agenda and the end results. I am very intuitive and I say things in a more complex and complicated way. I dig deep when it comes to something or a topic that intrigues me the most. I also like put more emphasis on logic and objective way instead of based on subjective or emotions. Finally, I also like to plan things way in advance and usually have a plan of action if Plan A fails and I can go to Plan B.

Humanmetrics Jung Typology Test™
Your Type
INTJ
Introvert(89%) iNtuitive(25%) Thinking(50%) Judging(33%) You have strong preference of Introversion over Extraversion (89%) You have moderate preference of Intuition over Sensing (25%) You have moderate preference of Thinking over Feeling (50%)

You have moderate preference of Judging over Perceiving (33%) Furthermore, I did not realize how accurate the results were. I suppose this is probably because I answered the questions as honest as I can. Therefore, the test results can only be valid as long as the responses are truthful, meaning the results can be manipulated otherwise.

NOTES
1. K. C. Briggs, I. Briggs Myers and M. McCaulley. (n.d). Myers-Briggs Type https://login.ruby2.uhv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mmt&AN=TIP07001710&site=ehost-live 2. K.C. Briggs, I. Briggs Myers, N.Quenk, J.Kummerow, A. L. Hammer, & M. Majors, (n.d). Myers-Briggs Type Indicator(r) Step II (Form Q).

https://login.ruby2.uhv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mmt&AN=TIP07001711&site=ehost-live

3. Ibid.

4. Ibid.
5. K.C.Briggs, & I. Briggs Myers, (n.d). Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. https://login.ruby2.uhv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mmt&AN=9%3a739&site=ehost-live
6. .K. C.Briggs, & I.Meyers, (n.d). Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. https://login.ruby2.uhv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mmt&AN=8%3a630&site=ehost-live 7. K.C.Briggs, and I.Briggs Myers, (n.d). Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. https://login.ruby2.uhv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?

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