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The Influence of the Learning Environment in SMK Essay Sample

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The Influence of the Learning Environment on learning behavior in SMK Taman Universiti 2 Skudai

Introduction

The learning environment is very importance for the student to get a good result. A good teacher who has a good teaching skill, and there are do not have a good learning environment. The student will not success and achieve the target for good exam result. In the model

Problem Statement

Every school has their own learning environment in the teaching and learning section. The teachers also have the different learning teaching in the learning process. As a management of SMK Taman Universiti, learning environment is will affect the learning behavior and at last it will affect student result.

Research Objective

This research’s objective is processing to measure the influence of learning in school. The relation between the teaching skill and the learning behavior is relating the student’s result.

i) The learning environment will affect the student’s result ii) The learning behavior will affect the student’s result

Research Question

To get the accurate measurement, the research questions are purpose to answer the research objective:

i) How the learning environments affect the student’s result? ii) What type of learning behavior of student will affect the student’s result? Justification of Study

This research is importance to improve the learning environment and enhance final test result of the students on their learning behavior.

Significance of the Study

This research will identify the appropriate learning environment to match the learning behavior of students. This research will become the future reference for the researchers who want to continue or expand the topic.

Theoretical Framework

Learning is a relevantly persistent change in an individual’s potential behaviour due to experiece (Fortana, 1995)According to Dr. Douglas McGregor, it stated that the person in theory X is they are lazy,less motivation to work more, need some enforcement they will finish quickly; and theory Y believe the person is active and motivated. According to Mortimore, (1988), classroom factors that contribute to effective student outcomes. Classroom management as one of the most important problems teachers face (Rose & Gallup, 1999) “Effective classroom management has been shown to increase student engagement, decrease disruptive behaviors, and enhance use of instructional time, all of which results in improved student achievement” (Wang, Haertel, and Walberg, 1993, p.262)

Conceptual Framework

Literature Review

Definition

According to Oxford dictionary, education means a process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university. Teacher means the person who teaching the students. Learning is a relevantly persistent change in an individual’s potential behaviour due to experiece (Fortana, 1995)

Learning Environment

According to Mortimore, (1988), classroom factors that contribute to effective student outcomes. The instructional activities in the class will involve students in doing things and thinking about what they are doing (Bornwell, 1991). Classroom management as one of the most important problems teachers face (Rose & Gallup, 1999) “Effective classroom management has been shown to increase student engagement, decrease disruptive behaviors, and enhance use of instructional time, all of which results in improved student achievement” (Wang, Haertel, and Walberg, 1993, p.262)

Theory X and theory Y

According to Dr. Douglas McGregor, it stated that the person in theory X is they are lazy,less motivation to work more, need some enforcement they will finish quickly; and theory Y believe the person is active and motivated

METHODOLOGY

Research Sampling

Sample size is the number of elements to be included in the study. Based on prior survey and sources from SMK Taman Universiti 2 database, it had been estimated that there were about 100 students. According to Maholtra (2009), sampling is the selection of a group of persons from a population with each person having an equal chance of being selected. Based on this estimation of population size for student SMK Taman Universtiti 2, the number of sample is 80, as determined based on the table proposed by Krejcie and Morgan (1970):

Table 1 Table Krejcie and Morgan (1970)

|N – n |N – n |N – n |N – n |N – n | |10 – 10 |100 – 80 |280 – 162 |800 – 260 |2800 – 338 | |15 – 14 |110 – 86 |290 – 165 |850 – 265 |3000 – 341 | |20 – 19 |120 – 92 |300 – 169 |900 – 269 |3500 – 346 | |25 – 24 |130 – 97 |320 – 175 |950 – 274 |4000 – 351 | |30 – 28 |140 – 103 |340 – 181 |1000 – 278 |4500 – 354 |

Research Design

Research design is a framework or blueprint for conducting the research project (Malhotra, 2009). It is guideline for researcher to obtain the information needed to structure and/or to solve the research problem. The research design consists of two broad types: exploratory and conclusive. Conclusive research designs are either descriptive or causal. Besides, the descriptive design can be further categorized as either cross-sectional or longitudinal (Malhotra, 2009).

Data Collection Research

This research used the observation and interview for the teacher to measure the learning behavior of the student. This research used the sample method simple random sampling to collect the data.

Scope and Location Research

This research select 10 person teacher to be the target observation and interview and 80 person student will be select to answer question as well to measure the effectiveness of teaching process. Then, the result of student will be taken as reference after the interview section.

Instrument Research

This research used the observation, interview and questionnaire to collect the data. 15 minute is used to observe each teaching in the class and 3 questions will be asked after the observation.

Table 3.2: Sections in interview
|Sessions |Statement | |Section A |General information of students | |Section B |Student’s targeted learning environment | |Section C |Student’s actual learning environment | |Section D |The actual result of student final test after the having actual learning environment |

Data Analysis

The collected data from questionnaires were analyzed using Statistic Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18 for Windows. Various descriptive statistics have been computed using frequencies and means to measure the percentage of demographic and the level of learning behavior.

The level of learning behavior is divided to three levels by using the formula of range (Berenson et al., 2009): Range = higher number – lower number
Level

Table 3: Level of learning behaviour
|Range |Level | |1.00-2.33 |Low | |2.34-3.67 |Median | |3.68-5.00 |High |

Conclusion

Descriptive methods is using on this study to facilitate researchers and readers to understand. Emphases on the methods of this study scientifically and systematically quite achieve the research objectives.

Reference:

Berenson, M.L. (2009), “Basic Business Statistics: Concepts And Applications” 11th edition. New Jersey : Prentice Hall

Malholtra, N. K. (2009), ‘’Basic Marketing Research: A Decision-Making Approach’’ 3th edition, Pearson Prentice Hall.

Wang, Haertel, and Walberg, , p.262(1993), ”Effective Educational Pratice: In the Classroom, UNESCO. [pic]

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