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Timeline of 1920-2000 Essay Sample

Timeline of 1920-2000 Pages
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* Science – (from Latin scientia, meaning “knowledge”) is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. * Political science- Political science is a social science discipline concerned with the study of the state, government, and politics. Aristotle defined it as the study of the state. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics, and the analysis of political systems and political behavior. * Governance- Governance is the act of governing. It relates to decisions that define expectations, grant power, or verify performance. It consists of either a separate process or part of decision-making or leadership processes.

* -Social science is, in its broadest sense, the study of society and the manner in which people behave and influence the world around us. Some social scientists argue that no single definition can cover such a broad range of academic disciplines. Instead they simply define the social sciences by listing the subjects they include. -Political science is the study of governments, public policies and political processes, systems, and political behavior. Political science subfields include political theory, political philosophy, political ideology, political economy, policy studies and analysis, comparative politics, international relations, and a host of related fields. (For a good cross section of the areas of study, . History

History relates on the past events where we can find the rise and fall of empire or kingdom. The historical achievements of the rulers, kings and emperor have been the main focus as it unfolded the rise of the nation and state. The historical chronicles of events have always been related to the political struggle of power and authority. The history of the nation originated so much the political expansion and division of the state that had shape the history of the nation from the early civilization and the rise of empire; its division which later form feudal age; the rise of the state and its role colonial administration; and the maturity of the individual state. These are the significant relationship of history with that of political science such as the concept of feudalism, socialism, mercantilism, absolutism, and other related term that involved the political power and authority of the state. Relevant Relationships of Political Science with History

1. The Political Development of State and Empire .
The Greek, Egyptian, Persian, Indian and Chinese Civilizations that promulgated the political development along the theory of divine rights of kings and emperors, state tax and force labor. 2. The Rise and Fall of Emperors and Kings .

These are the famous political rulers in the past empires like Hammurabi, Alexander the Great, Julius Ceasar, Napoleon Bonaparte, Tsi Huan Ti, and etc.; absolutism with the theory of divine rights of the king and emperor; and the political dynastic cycle of the rulers. 3. The National Revolution

The political activities that led to the dissatisfaction of the people just like French Revolution, Indian Revolution, American Revolution, Asian Revolution and Latin American Revolution. 4. The Political Historical Transition

The political upheaval and transition of historical period on slave society, feudal system, mercantilism, colonialism , imperialism and the rise of national state. 5. The Age of Reformation and Enlightenment.

It explains the political and religious awakening of the sovereign people along the Protestant reformation, including the political ideas on human freedom, independence, integrity and esteem in the age of enlightenment. 6. The Establishment of Sovereign State and Government.

This is the political upheavals of the colonies of Africa, America and Asia into sovereign government with a parliamentary and presidential system of government. 7. The Economic System Advocacy

It provides information about the political and economic transition to the communist state for social equality and authoritative rule; government participation in economic enterprise through the idea of socialism; and the free market economy of the democratic and republican state. 2. Philosophy

Philosophy focuses on the study of logic, ethics, and morality. It has special interest in the areas of personal and collective values on wisdom, equality, freedom, justice and truth. These are the foundation of political science as completed by the study of state and government. The ideas of people empowerment, human rights and justice, revolution and independence were articulated by the philosophers to enforce the democratic and authoritative role in the society. The wisdom and its role in governance transforms into what we call Political Philosophy. The political philosophers of the age of enlightenment have shown united thought on the ideas of social contract, democratic rights, good governance and the political ideologies that set the new authoritative form of government in the past. Relevant Relationships of Political Science with Philosophy

1. The Ancient Political Philosophy.
This is the systematic political analysis of Socrates, Aristotle and Plato about justice, wisdom and the development of city-states that finally led the foundation of Political Science as a discipline. 2. The Political Philosophers and the Philosophical Advocacy on the Ethical Views of Government The political philosophy in the study of government structure, ethics, and the sovereign state just like the work of Niccolo Machiavelli on epistemological structure of government; Thomas Hobbes on social contract; Baruch Spinoza on the political authority and rational egoism; Confucius on political ethics; John Locke the nature of sovereign authority of the citizen; Baron de Montesquieu on the presidential system and check and balance. Voltaire on the advocacy of civil liberties; Jean-Jacques Rousseau on general will and ideal democracy; and other political philosophers that shape the existence of the stable government and state. 3. Sociology

Sociology studies the interaction of man in the society. The relationship in political science reflects of the social activities of man. It also relates on how they rule the society as they have to base it in the culture, tradition, values, norms, beliefs and mores. The political practices on the dynastic rule, respect of the elders and authority, the formulation of laws according to the mores and norms, religious beliefs have its relationship to the formation of the government and state. The relevant relationships of Political Science with Sociology is the study of the demographic profile, mobility and productivity of labor, the social setting of rural and urban; and the concern on population. Furthermore, sociology can also be studied by the social concerns such as addressing the problems of squatters, unemployment and mobility of labor, age and gender structures, other emerging societal problems Relevant Relationships of Political Science with Sociology

1. The socio- demographic structure as to the gender, age, religion, educational attainment profile of certain groups of society. These are the important variables to identify the political services needed in the society. In political science, the study of demographic condition provides information about the current population, the family size structure,and the Human Development Index such as mortality and morbidity rate, child birth, life expectancy, literacy rates and other variables relevant to social processes and stratification of society. 2. The socio-cultural structure of the society along the tradition, culture, norms, and mores.

This provides information about cultural diversity and ethnicity in the promulgation of special laws (protection of the ancestral land and ethnic groups)and state polities including other cultural interest of the society. The issues and concerns on social phenomenology created by the socio-political structure and processes as to the exploitation of the poor, electoral fraud, bribery, and human reciprocity. 3. The demographic social issues and concerns on unemployment, prostitutions, squatters, other and social crimes. The political issues and concerns in addressing the social problems such as the unemployment and surplus of labor; illegal gambling and prostitutions including the effects of the problem of drug addiction and juvenile delinquency; the lack of housing problems that creates problem about squatters; and the problem about peace and order, and security including the increasing problems of crimes in the urban poor. 4. Psychology

The psychology studies the human behavior of the society. The human desires, motives, needs and attitudes are the root causes of the political actions particularly in serving the people. As we all know politics is the art of persuading and influencing other people in order to be elected and gain power and authority in the society. The political behavior can also study the general actions and attitudes of government in dealing with the people. The political action responds to the peoples’ evaluation such as political survey about the performance of politicians; demonstrations and other forms of political grievance mechanisms. Relevant Relationships of Political Science with Psychology

1. The utilization of the survey research instrument to politically analyze the behavioral patterns of the voters and interest groups in certain geographical areas. This provides psychological analysis to the utilization of political survey to study the political behavior of the voters; political researches on the satisfaction levels on the government performance of politicians; the qualitative surveys and mock elections. 2. The collective behavior analysis as to the response in the social evaluation of services provides by the government and stakeholders. This includes the political behavior of voters, consumers, professionals, and other sovereign citizens as to the political issues on graft and corruption; public service, economic and social services; fiscal management and others. 5. Economics

Economics studies the management of scarce resources for the utilization of human needs and wants. In political science, it also studies the economic growth and development in areas of employment, income, budget and expenditures and the production of public goods and services. Relevant Relationships of Political Science with Economics

1. The measure of political stability through the management of scarce resources and the production of goods and services for the international trade. It deals with the concept of economic growth and development to determine the employment rate, national income (GNP & GDP); monetary and trade policies; and other economic tools for development. 2. The provisions of the social and economic development program of the national government affecting investment and employment in the fiscal management of resources. This is the economic management of national resources such as the infrastructure developments like construction of farm to market roads, national roads, bridges, and public buildings. 3. The economic policies of free trade, economic investments, tariffs, economic zones and the economic enterprises. This is the economic provision in the management of scarce resources including the implementation of the economic growth and development of the national government. 6. Public Administration

The concept of public administration refers to the execution, of the national government thrust based on the utilization of government resources to ensure the general and common welfare of the society. While political science provides the similar field of interest as to the systematic study of government and state. It is also formulation, execution and implementation of government programs which also include the study of fiscal and public management Relevant Relationships of Political science with Public Administration 1. The fiscal management of economic resources through the study of taxation and revenue generation program; budget and public expenditures; borrowing and deficit financing. It provides the general support of the economic growth and development as to the fiscal functions of stabilization, allocation and distribution including private-public sector participation in the national government programs. 2. The national government provisions of social and economic services relevant to the national development thrusts of common and general welfare. It is the implementation of the national development goals of s poverty alleviation, job generation, distribution of wealth, and provision of social services for the poor.



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