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Which Religion Is More Violent in History: Christianity or Islam? Essay Sample

Which Religion Is More Violent in History: Christianity or Islam? Pages
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A Jewish–American author by the name of Isaac Bashevis Singer gave a quote which says; “Doubt is part of all religion, all religious thinkers were doubters”. Religion has always been very controversial in within society as there were always theories that were not proven as fact, problematic agendas within the various religions. The world most violent problems have everyone from politicians to ordinary citizen to simplistically say that religion is at fault. This is not ignorant, but it dangerously points a finger away from the real causes of these problems, and without recognizing these, we can never get started on fixing them. Religion has been the cause of must violence in the world; it is the subject to basic problematic assumptions that causation and correlation is the same thing.

Many people have engaged in violent acts of warfare, terrorism and this is caused by what they are taught in their religious doctrines in addition to that during the past years religion have inflicted various violence in the lives of other people, their towns and societies some of this violent occurrence includes the Christian crusades and inquisition, the European maritime conquest. The Islamic crusades and holy wars. The Catholics and Protestant wars and Mormonism. Violence in relation to the Bible, and the Quran, and The violence in today’s society caused by both religions. In this essay you shall learn about how all the religiously violent wars and acts have led to the choosing of the more violent religion.

Christianity has a long history of charitable works, it also has a long history of sponsoring or encouraging conflict around the world; some of this conflicts engross of the Crusade. The crusades were a series of Holy Wars launched by the Christian states of Europe against the Saracens. The term “Saracen” was used to describe a Muslim during the time of the crusades. The crusades started in 1095 when pope Claremont preached the first crusade at the council of Claremont. The pope’s preaching led to thousands immediately affixing the cross to their garments. The crusades were great military expeditions undertaken by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the holy places of Palestine from the hands of the Mohammedans.

The reason for the crusades was a war between Christians and Muslims which centered on the city of Jerusalem. This resulted in a mass slaughter-and many of those dead beneath the crusaders sword were Christians. The inquisition began against the Cathars in the Albigensian crusade of (1202 -1229) and went to span nearly 700 years (1180-1850). Estimates of the number killed ranges from thousands to millions. In essence, the inquisition was a systematic and highly effective program that eradicated any power and challenges to the Roman Catholic Church. Then we have the European Maritime Conquests in the age of exploration. From Colombos cook, European explorers used their religion and the prospect of riches to inspire sailors into the dangerous journeys and to justify the subjugation and enslavement of the native populations they encountered. All in the name of spreading the good word.

Islam has a long history of violence as the invasions and atrocities against the Christians were on the rise in the decades before the launch of the crusades in 1095. The Fatimid Caliph Abu ‘Ali Mansur Tariq’s- Hakim desecrated and destroyed a number of important churches –such as the church of saint mark in Egypt and the church of Holy sepulcher in Jerusalem- and decrees against Christians and Jews. The Islamic crusades was led by the Saladin, he fought against the reigning leader of the Christians during the crusades at that time. In the Islamic journey of fighting their Holy wars, they battled against the polytheist Arabs including the battle of Badr, and the battle in Uhud, Khandaq, Mecca and Hunyan. The medieval Iberian Peninsula was the scene of almost constant warfare between the Muslims and the Christians. Periodic raiding expeditions were sent from Al-Andalus to ravage the Christian Iberian Kingdoms, bringing back treasure and slaves.

In the late tenth century, a story spread that before Muhammad destroyed the idols at the Kaaba that of Manat was secretly sent to a Hindu temple in India; and the place was renamed as So-Manat or Somnath. Acting on this, the Shiva idol at the Somnath temple was destroyed in a raid by Mahmud Ghazni in 1024 CE; which is considered the first act of Jihad in India. In 1527, Babur ordered a Jihad against Rajput’s at the battle of Khanwa. Publicly addressing his men, he declared the forthcoming battle a Jihad. His soldiers were facing a non-Muslim army for the first time ever. This, he said, was their chance to become either a Ghazi (soldier of Islam) or a Shaheed (Martyr of Islam). The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb waged a Jihad against those identified as heterodox within India’s Islamic community, such as Shi’a Muslims.

Christianity, further more proved that they can be violent against each other through the blood bath of the Catholics and the Protestant. This was called the blood bath of Thorn which referred to the execution ordered in 1724 by the polish supreme court under the Augustus II the strong of Saxony. During a religious conflict between protestant townsfolk represented by mayor Johann Gottfried Rosner, and the Roman Catholic students of Jesuit College in the city of Thorn in Russia Prussia. The college had been vandalized by a crowd of German Protestants. The mayor and nine others were blamed for the neglect and were sentenced to death and executed on 7 December 1724. Mormonism had an early history of violence.

This began with religious persecution by well-respected citizens, law enforcement, and government officials. Ultimately such persecutions lead to several historically well-known acts of violence. These range from attacks on early Mormons, such as the Haun’s Mill massacre following the Mormon Extermination Order to one of the most controversial and well-known cases of retaliation violence, the Mountain Meadows massacre. This was the result of an unprovoked response to religious persecution whereby an innocent party traveling through Mormon occupied territory was attacked on September 11, 1857. Since this turbulent beginning, most conflicts in relation to Mormonism have been isolated and have little or no historical significance.

The Islamic holy book, the Quran was allegedly revealed to Muhammad by Allah over a 23-year period, beginning in 610 CE. Muhammad would recite these revelations and his followers would write those utterances down. In it we learn that Allah is the creator and sustainer of the world. The Quran, as we would expect, has some violent passages: Disbelievers will be burned with fire. 2:39, 90 Quran.

Kill disbelievers wherever you find them. If they attack you, then kill them. Such is the reward of disbelievers. (But if they desist in their unbelief, then don’t kill them.) 2:191-2 Quran. Unbelievers will be tormented forever with fire. When their skin is burned off, a fresh skin will be provided. 4:56 Quran. Have no unbelieving friends. Kill the unbelievers wherever you find them. 4:89 Quran. Slay the idolaters wherever you find them. 9:5 Quran.

But the Koran also has peaceful passages advocating tolerance, temperance, and forgiveness: Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loveth not transgressors. 2:190Quran. Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy handhold that never breaks. 2:256 Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men; for Allah loves those who do good. 3:134 Quran.

As well as numerous stories cautioning against killing women or children in battle, showing mercy to vanquished foes, and looking inside you before condemning others. The Bible, most especially the New Testament, abounds with passages that promote peaceful coexistence, love and charity. Jesus’ main message was to treat others as you would want to be treated- the Golden Rule. Without a doubt, the Bible can be read as a valuable guidebook on how to be compassionate and in harmony with the rest of creation. It contains messages of love that can be seen repeated throughout. Following are just a few examples: “Thou shalt not kill” (Exo 20:13),

“Love thy neighbor” (Mat 19:19)
“Hatred stirs up dissension, but love covers over all wrongs.” Proverbs 10:12: “Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love.” Ephesians 4:2

However, as I selected the above passages in order to prove the peaceful content of the Bible, below I will pick and choose passages that show a different face of Christianity. Lot refuses to give up his angels to the perverted mob, offering his two “virgin daughters” instead. He tells the bunch of angel rapers to “do unto them [his daughters] as is good in your eyes.” Genesis 19:7-8 A child who hits or curses his parents must be executed. Exodus 21:15, 17 “He who sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed.” Exodus 22:20

Under God’s direction, Moses’ army defeats the Midianites. They kill all the adult males, but take the women and children captive. When Moses learns that they left some live, he angrily says: “Have you saved all the women alive? Kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him. But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.” Numbers 31:1-54

In all, the Bible has almost three times as many cruel or violent passages than does the Quran. However, the Bible is about five times longer. Taking this into account, the Bible actually has a lower percentage of violent passages than the Muslim holy book. So it is really up for grabs which holy book is more violent. Nevertheless, it would be safe to say that the big three Abrahamic religious canons that rely on the Old Testament (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) are the world leaders in violence and cruelty.

Lastly, taking an overlook from the past to the present, the various religious violence still continues today in other parts of the world. According to the U.S State department, there were approximately 11,800 terrorist attacks in 2008, resulting to over 54,000 deaths. The terrorist all claim to do this in the name of Allah which his Seen as a supreme being in the Islamic religion. Other events are includes; the hijacking of four passenger jets and the destruction of the World Trade Centre on September 11 2001. In the United States of America this was a significant act of violence. The Ethiopia and Somalia conflict, in which the military soldiers of Ethiopia were aiming on capturing a Muslim head leader. This lead to so much blood shed as gun fires were exchanged. The Nigeria conflict Inter-ethnic conflict in Nigeria has generally had a religious element. Riots against Igbo in 1953 and in the 1960s in the north were said to be fired by religious conflict.

The riots against Igbo in the north in 1966 were said to have been inspired by radio reports of mistreatment of Muslims in the south. A military coup d’état led by lower and middle-ranking officers, some of them Igbo, overthrew the NPC-NCNC dominated government. Prime Minister Balewa along with other northern and western government officials were assassinated during the coup. The coup was considered an Ibo plot to overthrow the northern dominated government. A counter-coup was launched by mostly northern troops. Between June and July there was a mass exodus of Ibo from the north and west. Over 1.3 million Ibo fled the neighboring regions in order to escape persecution as anti-Ibo riots increased. The aftermath of the anti-Ibo riots led many to believe that security could only be gained from separation from the North. There have been also current bombings in various places by a terrorist named Boko Haram.

Overtime, the two religious groups consisting of Christianity and Islam have performed detrimental actions that have affected them in disadvantageous ways from the crusades , holy wars religious chapters leading up to the current events, they have done more harm than good. With the points given and the facts explained, the religion which is the most violent is the Islamic religion because even till this day there have been reports that comprises of terrorist using and misreading the Quran to emphasize their radical beliefs through negativity and things that goes against true humanity. REFERENCES.

•http://www.ornery.org
•http://www.middle-ages.org.uk
•http://www.ppu.org.uk
•http://www.danielpipes.org
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_violence
•http://www.meforum.org/2159/are-judaism-and-christianity-as-violent-as-islam7 •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_war
•http://www.catholiceducation.org/

A Jewish–American author by the name of Isaac Bashevis Singer gave a quote which says; “Doubt is part of all religion, all religious thinkers were doubters”. Religion has always been very controversial in within society as there were always theories that were not proven as fact, problematic agendas within the various religions. The world most violent problems have everyone from politicians to ordinary citizen to simplistically say that religion is at fault. This is not ignorant, but it dangerously points a finger away from the real causes of these problems, and without recognizing these, we can never get started on fixing them. Religion has been the cause of must violence in the world; it is the subject to basic problematic assumptions that causation and correlation is the same thing.

Many people have engaged in violent acts of warfare, terrorism and this is caused by what they are taught in their religious doctrines in addition to that during the past years religion have inflicted various violence in the lives of other people, their towns and societies some of this violent occurrence includes the Christian crusades and inquisition, the European maritime conquest. The Islamic crusades and holy wars. The Catholics and Protestant wars and Mormonism. Violence in relation to the Bible, and the Quran, and The violence in today’s society caused by both religions. In this essay you shall learn about how all the religiously violent wars and acts have led to the choosing of the more violent religion.

Christianity has a long history of charitable works, it also has a long history of sponsoring or encouraging conflict around the world; some of this conflicts engross of the Crusade. The crusades were a series of Holy Wars launched by the Christian states of Europe against the Saracens. The term “Saracen” was used to describe a Muslim during the time of the crusades. The crusades started in 1095 when pope Claremont preached the first crusade at the council of Claremont. The pope’s preaching led to thousands immediately affixing the cross to their garments. The crusades were great military expeditions undertaken by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the holy places of Palestine from the hands of the Mohammedans.

The reason for the crusades was a war between Christians and Muslims which centered on the city of Jerusalem. This resulted in a mass slaughter-and many of those dead beneath the crusaders sword were Christians. The inquisition began against the Cathars in the Albigensian crusade of (1202 -1229) and went to span nearly 700 years (1180-1850). Estimates of the number killed ranges from thousands to millions. In essence, the inquisition was a systematic and highly effective program that eradicated any power and challenges to the Roman Catholic Church. Then we have the European Maritime Conquests in the age of exploration. From Colombos cook, European explorers used their religion and the prospect of riches to inspire sailors into the dangerous journeys and to justify the subjugation and enslavement of the native populations they encountered. All in the name of spreading the good
word.

Islam has a long history of violence as the invasions and atrocities against the Christians were on the rise in the decades before the launch of the crusades in 1095. The Fatimid Caliph Abu ‘Ali Mansur Tariq’s- Hakim desecrated and destroyed a number of important churches –such as the church of saint mark in Egypt and the church of Holy sepulcher in Jerusalem- and decrees against Christians and Jews. The Islamic crusades was led by the Saladin, he fought against the reigning leader of the Christians during the crusades at that time. In the Islamic journey of fighting their Holy wars, they battled against the polytheist Arabs including the battle of Badr, and the battle in Uhud, Khandaq, Mecca and Hunyan. The medieval Iberian Peninsula was the scene of almost constant warfare between the Muslims and the Christians. Periodic raiding expeditions were sent from Al-Andalus to ravage the Christian Iberian Kingdoms, bringing back treasure and slaves.

In the late tenth century, a story spread that before Muhammad destroyed the idols at the Kaaba that of Manat was secretly sent to a Hindu temple in India; and the place was renamed as So-Manat or Somnath. Acting on this, the Shiva idol at the Somnath temple was destroyed in a raid by Mahmud Ghazni in 1024 CE; which is considered the first act of Jihad in India. In 1527, Babur ordered a Jihad against Rajput’s at the battle of Khanwa. Publicly addressing his men, he declared the forthcoming battle a Jihad. His soldiers were facing a non-Muslim army for the first time ever. This, he said, was their chance to become either a Ghazi (soldier of Islam) or a Shaheed (Martyr of Islam). The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb waged a Jihad against those identified as heterodox within India’s Islamic community, such as Shi’a Muslims.

Christianity, further more proved that they can be violent against each other through the blood bath of the Catholics and the Protestant. This was called the blood bath of Thorn which referred to the execution ordered in 1724 by the polish supreme court under the Augustus II the strong of Saxony. During a religious conflict between protestant townsfolk represented by mayor Johann Gottfried Rosner, and the Roman Catholic students of Jesuit College in the city of Thorn in Russia Prussia. The college had been vandalized by a crowd of German Protestants. The mayor and nine others were blamed for the neglect and were sentenced to death and executed on 7 December 1724. Mormonism had an early history of violence.

This began with religious persecution by well-respected citizens, law enforcement, and government officials. Ultimately such persecutions lead to several historically well-known acts of violence. These range from attacks on early Mormons, such as the Haun’s Mill massacre following the Mormon Extermination Order to one of the most controversial and well-known cases of retaliation violence, the Mountain Meadows massacre. This was the result of an unprovoked response to religious persecution whereby an innocent party traveling through Mormon occupied territory was attacked on September 11, 1857. Since this turbulent beginning, most conflicts in relation to Mormonism have been isolated and have little or no historical significance.

The Islamic holy book, the Quran was allegedly revealed to Muhammad by Allah over a 23-year period, beginning in 610 CE. Muhammad would recite these revelations and his followers would write those utterances down. In it we learn that Allah is the creator and sustainer of the world. The Quran, as we would expect, has some violent passages: Disbelievers will be burned with fire. 2:39, 90 Quran.

Kill disbelievers wherever you find them. If they attack you, then kill them. Such is the reward of disbelievers. (But if they desist in their unbelief, then don’t kill them.) 2:191-2 Quran. Unbelievers will be tormented forever with fire. When their skin is burned off, a fresh skin will be provided. 4:56 Quran. Have no unbelieving friends. Kill the unbelievers wherever you find them. 4:89 Quran. Slay the idolaters wherever you find them. 9:5 Quran.

But the Koran also has peaceful passages advocating tolerance, temperance, and forgiveness: Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loveth not transgressors. 2:190Quran. Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy handhold that never breaks. 2:256 Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men; for Allah loves those who do good. 3:134 Quran.

As well as numerous stories cautioning against killing women or children in battle, showing mercy to vanquished foes, and looking inside you before condemning others. The Bible, most especially the New Testament, abounds with passages that promote peaceful coexistence, love and charity. Jesus’ main message was to treat others as you would want to be treated- the Golden Rule. Without a doubt, the Bible can be read as a valuable guidebook on how to be compassionate and in harmony with the rest of creation. It contains messages of love that can be seen repeated throughout. Following are just a few examples: “Thou shalt not kill” (Exo 20:13),

“Love thy neighbor” (Mat 19:19)
“Hatred stirs up dissension, but love covers over all wrongs.” Proverbs 10:12: “Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love.” Ephesians 4:2

However, as I selected the above passages in order to prove the peaceful content of the Bible, below I will pick and choose passages that show a different face of Christianity. Lot refuses to give up his angels to the perverted mob, offering his two “virgin daughters” instead. He tells the bunch of angel rapers to “do unto them [his daughters] as is good in your eyes.” Genesis 19:7-8 A child who hits or curses his parents must be executed. Exodus 21:15, 17 “He who sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed.” Exodus 22:20

Under God’s direction, Moses’ army defeats the Midianites. They kill all the adult males, but take the women and children captive. When Moses learns that they left some live, he angrily says: “Have you saved all the women alive? Kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him. But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.” Numbers 31:1-54

In all, the Bible has almost three times as many cruel or violent passages than does the Quran. However, the Bible is about five times longer. Taking this into account, the Bible actually has a lower percentage of violent passages than the Muslim holy book. So it is really up for grabs which holy book is more violent. Nevertheless, it would be safe to say that the big three Abrahamic religious canons that rely on the Old Testament (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) are the world leaders in violence and cruelty.

Lastly, taking an overlook from the past to the present, the various religious violence still continues today in other parts of the world. According to the U.S State department, there were approximately 11,800 terrorist attacks in 2008, resulting to over 54,000 deaths. The terrorist all claim to do this in the name of Allah which his Seen as a supreme being in the Islamic religion. Other events are includes; the hijacking of four passenger jets and the destruction of the World Trade Centre on September 11 2001. In the United States of America this was a significant act of violence. The Ethiopia and Somalia conflict, in which the military soldiers of Ethiopia were aiming on capturing a Muslim head leader. This lead to so much blood shed as gun fires were exchanged. The Nigeria conflict Inter-ethnic conflict in Nigeria has generally had a religious element. Riots against Igbo in 1953 and in the 1960s in the north were said to be fired by religious conflict.

The riots against Igbo in the north in 1966 were said to have been inspired by radio reports of mistreatment of Muslims in the south. A military coup d’état led by lower and middle-ranking officers, some of them Igbo, overthrew the NPC-NCNC dominated government. Prime Minister Balewa along with other northern and western government officials were assassinated during the coup. The coup was considered an Ibo plot to overthrow the northern dominated government. A counter-coup was launched by mostly northern troops. Between June and July there was a mass exodus of Ibo from the north and west. Over 1.3 million Ibo fled the neighboring regions in order to escape persecution as anti-Ibo riots increased. The aftermath of the anti-Ibo riots led many to believe that security could only be gained from separation from the North. There have been also current bombings in various places by a terrorist named Boko Haram.

Overtime, the two religious groups consisting of Christianity and Islam have performed detrimental actions that have affected them in disadvantageous ways from the crusades , holy wars religious chapters leading up to the current events, they have done more harm than good. With the points given and the facts explained, the religion which is the most violent is the Islamic religion because even till this day there have been reports that comprises of terrorist using and misreading the Quran to emphasize their radical beliefs through negativity and things that goes against true humanity.

REFERENCES.

•http://www.ornery.org
•http://www.middle-ages.org.uk
•http://www.ppu.org.uk
•http://www.danielpipes.org
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_violence
•http://www.meforum.org/2159/are-judaism-and-christianity-as-violent-as-islam7 •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_war
•http://www.catholiceducation.org/

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