Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin were two of the most powerful and influential politicians in the history of the U.S.S.R. These two men worked their way to the top of the political ladder, Stalin overcoming Trotsky. In a way, they were very different but similar at the same time. When Lenin died, the two would go against each other to rule the U.S.S.R.
Joseph Stalin was born in Gori, Georgia on December 21, 1879 with the original birth name of Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili. Stalin’s family was very poor and faced much poverty. His father was a shoemaker and an alcoholic while his mother worked as a maid. He was often called “Pocky” by his friends because of the scars that remained on his face after getting over a case of smallpox. He spoke Georgian and had a very strong Georgian accent, but later went to a school where he and everyone else were forced to speak Russian. Later he received a scholarship but spent his time focusing on the revolutionary movement against the Russian Monarchy. Stalin had been interested in communism as a young man. On the other hand, Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Trotsky) was born in Yanovka, Ukraine on November 7, 1879 to a Jewish farmer. Trotksy’s family was middle class. He attended a Jewish primary school and later studied at a state school in Odessa. In 1896, he joined the Social Democrats.
Trotsky believed in nationalism. He believed that business should be international in Russia and believed in prohibition of the working people. He also wanted more agriculture. Stalin wanted heavy industry, colonized agriculture, and surplus. He believed in industrialization.
Stalin and Trotsky had very different opinions on the education systems. Stalin believed in only focusing on educating the youth so that they could breed better leaders for the future. Trotsky cared about educating everyone and all of the citizens of the U.S.S.R. so that everyone could be educated and be able to make decisions and work towards creating a better government.
Stalin was originally a Bolshevik. Trotsky was liked by the people, but he saw that Stalin was more successful as a politician as a Bolshevik so he turned from a Menshevik to a Bolshevik to try to get more people to like him. Mensheviks didn’t believe in one leader controlling everything and in a democratic manor and Bolsheviks believed in total dictatorship and wanted more workers. This group was led my Vladimir Lenin.
Stalin wanted to build up the Russian army. He made Russia into a nuclear nation and built the up strong. Trotsky wanted to become socialists. He wanted to build them up so that other countries would not mess with them or try to tear them down in a revolution in their country.
In conclusion, Stalin and Trotsky have many differences and similarities. Stalin over came Trotsky in the fight over Russia and Trotsky left the country.