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A Write-up On The Life Of Edgar Allan Poe Essay Sample

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A Write-up On The Life Of Edgar Allan Poe Essay Sample

Edgar Poe is known to be one of the earliest American writers of short stories. The introduction of genres such as mystery and macabre are accredited to him. Poe is a well known literary figure who drew most of his inspiration from different sources. He is known as a literary critic, a poet, an author and an editor. His works are known by all; readers and non readers, the old and young as well. The poem ‘The Raven’, which he wrote at a Manhattan coffee bar is retold by Bart Simpson as a Halloween special every October. Classic Horror movies are also based on Poe’s “ The Fall of the House of Usher” and “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Allan Poe’s personal life was nevertheless unsettling and melancholic. Throughout his life, he experienced traumatic losses which affected him incredibly and also shaped how he wrote. Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts. Abandoned by his father and orphaned at a very young age of three by the death of his mother. John and Frances Allan later became the guardians of Poe but they never formally adapted him as their own. This fact contributed to Poe never feeling at home. He sought the approval of his foster parents especially that of his foster father.

He tried to earn John Allan’s love and approval through military and academic achievements, but this endeavor ended up in a disaster. Not only did Poe sought after masculine approval, he also desired some affection. He searched for women to replace his early lost of motherly love and affection. A lost brought about by the untimely death of his two motherly figures, his biological mother and foster mother. His failure to find masculine approval and motherly affection led him to replace alcohol with his inner loss. His addiction to alcohol did him bad than good and may have lead to his untimely death which is a mystery till now. Nevertheless, Poe made great strides in his career as a writer and journalist. In January 1845, he published the poem ‘The Raven’ which was an instant success. He then begun planning to write his own journal, the Penn but passed away before it could be published. Poe was not only a terrific writer and journalist, but was helpful enough to provide a guideline for the writing of short stories and poems.

This guideline he named, Poe’s unity of effect theory. According to Poe, every element of a tale must contribute to the desired purpose and help build up the desired effect. The unity of effect is very important in the composition of any literary work. Almost every literary artist plans his thoughts not only to make room for incidents but also to unwind the desired effect or impression of the write-up. According to Poe, if the writer fails in bringing out the desired effect or impression in the very first sentence , then such a literary art has failed. Every word written in the work of art should have a connection with the already established impression or effect. This technique enables a mental picture to be painted in the mind of the reader. Hence most of Poe’s poems depend on the power of imagination, human consciousness and the human ability to dream. Also in accordance to his theory, Poe preferred that the extent of the story be known. A story or poem with brevity was the best since it could be read at one sitting.

For a writer to incorporate the unity of effect theory in his writing, the end of the story must be determined and also the impression or the effect. Designing and modeling of the atmosphere of the reader by the poet using techniques and the architecture of words , phrases, rhythm and tone. In his poem ‘The Raven’, Poe set the tone of melancholy and sadness by the careful selection of words. A technique he called the character of words. The theory also suggests that the artist should exhibit originality and artistry. Another technique Poe named as artistic piquancy. When the other elements are determined such as the plot, characters, settings and conflicts. The writer has the task of linking these elements together with the tone and the effect. This unity of elements must be consistent with the “character of words”, to the setting, characters, and even choice of vowels. The unifying of elements creates a unified effect which makes the poem or story more dramatic and emotional.

Works Cited.

Frye, Steven. The Poetry Of Edgar Allan Poe. n.p. : Salem Press, 2011. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 25 Jan. 2013.

Manderfield Katie. “Poe’s unity of effect.” Field notes, 20 Aug 2010. Web. 25 Jan 2013.

Poe, Edgar A. Selected tales . Oxford Paperbacks, 1998. Web. 25 Jan. 2013.

Poe, Edgar A. “ The Philosophy of composition.” Graham’s Magazine. Graham’s Magazine, Apirl 1846. Web. 25 Jan. 2013. Poe, Edgar A. Wikipedia Encyclopaedia online. Wikipedia Free Encyclopaedia, 2013. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.

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