1. What is Alzheimer’s Disease ?
•Alzheimer’s Disease is an organic brain disorder characterized by a progressive loss of mental skills and deterioration of the personality.
2. Who described Alzheimer’s disease?
•Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German Physician described A.D. in 1906.
3. In what age Alzheimer’s disease strikes people?
•It most commonly strikes people who are over 65; about 10% of this age group is afflicted.
4. In what part of the brain Alzheimer Disease affect the most? •It affects the nerve cells of the frontal and temporal lobes of the cerebrum of the brain.
5. What are the early symptoms of A.D?
•There are 10 signs, but I’ll only give you 3; Memory Loss, Misplacing Things and Changes in Personality.
6. What is the treatment for Alzheimer’s disease?
•There is no cure for A.D but there is a drug to slow it down. It is called tacrine.
7. How can people prevent Alzheimer’s disease?
•I suggest to keep our mind busy even though were old for example read books.
8. How can a person knows if he/she has an Alzheimer?
•There are signs that people has an Alzheimer’s disease 1 is Difficult Performing Familiar Task.
9. When you have A.D, what is the 1st memory you lost?
•The 1st memory you will lost is the present memory or the recent events.
10. Is there a possible cure for Alzheimer’s disease
•Scientist’s still formulate certain drugs and medicines for a permanent cure for the disease.
We would like to extend our deepest gratitude to our parent’s for supporting us and allowing us to this term paper.
We would also like to thank the following people:
The Librarians, the people who helped us during the research, and some of our friends in school who helped us in making this project. To our English Teacher in letting us believe that this could be made possible.
And most of all, I would like to thank God for giving us wisdom, strength, and many more. Again thank you to all people who helped and support us.
We dedicate this term paper not only to our parent’s but also to all people who can read this, who were always there to guide and inspire us. We promised that we will do our very best.
We also dedicate this to our God who gave us wisdom and guidance in making this term paper to all people who have this disease, we hoped that we have guided and helped you to prevent this disease.
I. Origin of Alzheimer’s disease
III. How to detect Alzheimer
IV. Prevention/Preventive Measure’s
I. Origin of Alzheimer’s Disease
Progressive mental deterioration in old age has been recognized and described throughout history. However it was not until 1906 that a German Physician Dr. Alois Alzheimer specifically identified a collection of brain cell abnormalities as a disease. One of Dr. Alzheimer’s patients died after a year of severe memory problems confusion and difficulty understanding questions. Upon her death, while performing a brain autopsy, the doctor noted dense deposits surrounding the nerve cells (neuritic plaques). Inside the nerve cells he observed twisted band of fibers. Today, this degenerative brain disorder bears his name and when found during an autopsy, these plaques and tangles mean a definite a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease.
Since its discovery more than 100 years ago, there have been many scientific breakthroughs in A.D research. In the 1960’s, scientist discovered a link between cognitive decline and the number of plaques and tangles in the brain. The medical community then formally recognized Alzheimer’s a disease and not a normal part of aging. In the 1970’s scientist made great strides in understanding the human body as a whole, and A.D emerged as a significant area of research interest.This attention led in the 1990’s to important discoveries and a better understanding of complex nerve cells in the brain of A.D patients. More research was done on A.D susceptibility genes and several drugs were approved to treat the cognitive symptoms of the disease.
Some common early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include confusion, disturbances in short-term memory, problems with attention & spatial orientation, changes in personality, language difficulties & unexplained mood swings. Normally, these symptoms are very mild & presence of the disease may not be apparent to the person experiencing the symptoms, loved ones or even health professionals. The three stages listed below represent the general progression of the disease. Although these symptoms will likely vary in severity & chronology, overlap & fluctuate, the overall progress of the disease is fairly predictable. On average, people live for 8 to 10 years after diagnosis, but this terminal disease can last for as long as 20 years.
Stage 1 (Mild):
This stage can last from 2 to 4 years. Early in the illness, those with Alzheimer’s tend to be less energetic & spontaneous. They exhibit minor memory loss & mood swings, and are slow to learn & react.
Stage 2 (Moderate):
This is generally the longest stage & can last 2 to 10 years. In this stage,the person with Alzheimer’s is clearly becoming disabled.Individuals still perform simple tasks independently, but may need assistance with more complicated activities.
Stage 3 (Severe):
This stage may last 1 to 3 years. During this final stage,people may lose the ability to feed themselves, speak, recognize people & control bodily functions, such as swallowing or bowel & bladder control.
3 Alzheimer’s Association Newbook of Knowledge Vol. 1 2006 p. 196
Some specific examples of behavior that people exhibit include:
* Getting lost
* Repetitive questions & conversations
* Taking longer than usual to finish daily routine tasks
* Poor judgement
* Losing things or misplacing them in odd places.
7 Alzheimer’s Association Newbook of Knowledge Vol. 1 2006 p. 197
III. How to Detect Alzheimer’s
Dementia itself is not a disease but rather a set of symptoms that accompany specific disease. Dementia is a general term for the loss of memory, language & recognition that is severe enough to interfere with everyday life. Researchers believe dementia may be caused by a combination of genetic & environmental factors. Some diseases that cause dementia are irreversible & include Huntington’s disease, Pick’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body dementia, multi – infract dementia & Alzheimer’s disease are the most common form of dementia.
The Ten Warning Signs of Alzheimer’s Disease
* Memory Loss
* Difficulty Performing Familiar Taskss
* Problems with Language
* Disorientation to Time & Place
* Poor or Decreased Judgement
* Problems with Abstract Thinking
* Misplacing Things
* Changes in Mood
* Changes in Personality
* Loss of Initiative Motivation 9
IV. Preventive Measures
Better your Brain by:
* Eat more Fruits & Vegetables
* Reach for Berries
* Increase Omega 3 Fatty Acits
* Take Folic Acid Supplements
* Slip Smarter
* Go Mediterranean
* Control your Blood Pressure 10
There is no single diagnostic test to detect whether a person has Alzheimer’s disease. However, diagnostic tools & criteria have been developed in recent years to make a clinical diagnosis of A.D. with an accuracy rate of 85-90%. 11
The factors used to complete a diagnosis include:
* Medical History
* Mental Status Evaluation
* Physical Examination
* Neurological Examination
* Neuropsychological Evaluation
* Brain Scans
* Laboratory Tests 12
There is no permanent cure for this disease.
We therefore conclude that Alzheimer’s disease can’t be cured & there are lots of symptoms in this ailment. Early treatment can slow it down. Also, we conclude that Alzheimer’s disease can occur in any age; so, if you see signs of Alzheimer’s in your family or friends, consult a doctor immediately. There are 3 stages in A.D., Mild, Moderate & Severe. A.D. can last up to 20 years. The earlier the treatment, the better chance of a favorable response to treatment. Also, there will be a higher possibility for a longer delay of the progressive symptoms & the less financial overall.
There are a lot of signs if you have Alzheimer’s. If you see any of these signs, we formally suggest that you should go to a physician. Read books & do activities that comprise your brain. Also, you should eat a balanced meal, socialize with others & control your blood pressure. If
your disease is in bad condition, visit your doctor right away because it may get worse. The sooner you visit a doctor; there is a greater possibility that it will not get in critical condition.
Glenner, G.C. Wurtman, R.J. eds
Advancing Frontier in Alzheimer’s Disease
“Alzheimer’s Disease”. Aronson, Miriam K.
Collier’s Encyclopedia Vol. 1 1997 p. 618-619
“Alzheimer’s Disease”. Alzheimer’s Association
New Book of Knowledge Vol. 1 2006 p. 196
“Presenile Dementia” Encyclopedia
Britannica 1980 p. 286
“Alzheimer’s Disease”. ADRDA Inc. New
Standard Encyclopedia Vol. 1 1996 p. 346
“Alzheimer’s Disease”. Trubo, Richard. Grolier
Academic Encyclopedia Vol. 1 1989 p. 320