American Revolutionary War Essay Sample
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American Revolutionary War Essay Sample
The American Revolution was in fact revolutionary at it is one of the most important turning points in the history of the United States. The historical events associated with this revolution gave birth to a new, stronger nation, united a diverse collection of people from different backgrounds with a common purpose, and offered great hope for a brighter future.
The American Revolution was an inspiration to the revolutionary spirit then on. But before this, that is, before 1775, the very idea of individuals below a king fighting against the power of the monarchy and taking the control of government was unfathomable. Even so, the spirit of a new breed of people who were uniquely American, though they may have hailed from various parts of Europe generations ago, could not be easily put down.
The British government was determined to exploit the colonies to generate revenue by issuing heavy tariffs strictly for their own purposes and desires. Such oppressive conditions were overdue for a change, a ferocious struggle for independence, though at the time people were not familiar with the ways of rebellion. The thirteen colonies, composed of a population of two and a half million citizens, were distinct and separated from each other, and were surprisingly closer in relations to Britain than they were to each other. The leaders of this revolution did not have a organized government, a treasury, or any collection of weapons, yet they still embarked upon a revolution against all odds. The revolution is a tribute to their courage, vision of future, dedication to the pursuit of freedom, and the determination to succeed at any cost.
The American Revolution, also known as the American War of Independence, took place between April 19, 1775 and September 3, 1783, beginning with the battle of Lexington and ending with the Treaty of Paris. However, the Revolution had been brewing for a long time before that. This was the struggle in which the thirteen colonies of the British North America won independence from Great Britain. These thirteen original states were New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. These colonies collectively united and emerged as a new nation after the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
John Adams, one of the Revolution’s leaders, later to become the second President of the United states, observed in this regard that “The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people, and this was effected from 1760 to 1775, during fifteen years, before a drop of blood was shed…”. CITATION? In October 1760 George III became the King of Britain. He was very young, arrogant and would soon be the last British ruler to intimidate control over America. It was a time marked by widespread battles between Britain and France in many areas of the world.
On the North American Continent, the French controlled Canada and a large territory in west of the Mississippi river called Louisiana, which represented a much larger area surrounding Louisiana of today. In 1760, the British soldiers along with Americans had been fighting the French and their Indian allies for several years. The French lost the French and Indian War and in 1963 the Treaty of Paris was signed in which the French gave Canada to Britain and Spain acquired the Louisiana territory. This was good news for the Americans because France stood in the way of American ambitions to expand to the West. However, their luck was about to run out.
George III was a stubborn king who eliminated the Prime Minister William Pitt and consequently could control the British Parliament by constructing a series of malleable prime ministers over the years. Initially, Americans had been loyal to their King for quite some time, and continued to do so even as they experienced British colonial policy working against their welfare, as they were still believed it was Parliament that made these decisions. And in 1765, just ten years preceding the beginning of the Revolutionary War, the colonists still considered themselves loyal subjects of the British Crown, ignorantly assuming they were treated as the equals of British citizens. But when the British monarchy began to issue heavy tariffs on the colonies, extreme discontent began to grow.
With all kinds of new tariffs, duties, and trade restrictions, along with harsh laws to enforce them all, it took not much time at all for Americans to see that Britain was levying unfair tariffs on them to stabilize its own finances and repair its economic deficits. The wars with France heavily contributing to this debt for Britain. Taxation without representation became the immediate cause of the American Revolution. The bonds of loyalty that extended from Britain to America would soon crumble. The exploitative acts of British prompted the 13 separate colonies to unite fist in protest, then in resistance, and finally in rebellion.
Some can argue that the revolution may have only saved the colonies from remaining under the rule of Britain, but didn’t free all citizens. Nevertheless, the Revolution had momentous consequences and gave rise to endless possibilities. It created the United States. It transformed a society under monarchal control, in which the colonists were servants of the Crown, into a republic, in which they were citizens and active participants in the political process. The Revolution also gave a new political significance to the everyday people of society: artisans, merchants, farmers, and traders, making it impossible for elite to rain down on ordinary people.
In an area where the newly founded nation fell short of such promises of freedom, an active participant in the revolution, James Armistead, was not rewarded as such. Whilst many soldiers who fought were granted freedom, Armistead was not. Serving under the Commander of the French forces, the Marquis de Lafayette, Armistead successfully infiltrated British headquarters and in doing so, provided valuable information about the plans of the British.
This service was a key factor in the revolution and still Armistead was disregarded. The reasoning being the emancipation efforts were for the slave-soldiers and Armistead was considered a slave-spy. Unrightfully, he was sent back to his owner to remain as a slave. When Lafayette came across this information, disappointed he made an honest and succeeding effort to see Armistead freed for his services.
This was just one man’s efforts to prove the revolution held meaning and a purpose, one of which continued to even today. In the letters between Abigail and John Adams, she expresses that men need to step down from rule because tyranny by all of them is inevitable, and any one of them would express such desires if they were so able. If this were true, Lafayette would have had no need nor desire to see Armistead freed.
The Declaration of Independence, crafted by a committed led by Thomas Jefferson, was officially adopted by the congress on July 4. The Declaration of Independence is considered by many to be the most important document in human history. It proclaimed a new era of human freedom. In the days that followed, Patriots celebrated and Loyalists who supported the British rule mourned. However the Patriots’ celebrations did not last for long, as the British returned in full force in August. Many armed conflicts followed the next five years, until the British surrendered to Washington in Yorktown Virginia in October 1781. Washington had worked for seven long years for this moment. King George wanted to fight on, but could not get the support of the Parliament. American independence was later consolidated in the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
The people who led the American Revolution, the Founding fathers of this nation, believed the purpose of government was to serve the people, and not the other way around. They rejected the rule by monarch and created a republic. Over time, the new nation created by the Declaration of Independence was transformed from a group of colonies of farmers and merchants into an industrial and technological giant, the world’s richest and most powerful country.