An act of God? Essay Sample
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An act of God? Essay Sample
Euthanasia, “either painlessly putting to death or failing to prevent death from natural causes in cases of terminal illness or irreversible coma”, the term comes from the Greek expression “euthanatos” which means “good death”. Now, this short definition has been at the centre of very heated debates for many years, all over the world, surrounded by religious, ethical and practical considerations. Doctors, politicians, religious leaders, lawyers, and general public argue over the legislation that would allow or forbid euthanasia. This act is permitted only in: Netherlands, Belgium and the state of Oregon in the United States. The ethics of euthanasia raises a number of agonizing moral dilemmas: is it ever right to end the life of a terminally ill patient who is undergoing severe pain and suffering? , under what circumstances can euthanasia be justifiable, if at all? , is there a moral difference between killing someone and letting them die? At the heart of these arguments are the different ideas that people have about the meaning and value of human existence.
Should human beings have the right to decide on issues of life and death? All countries are struggling to draft ethical and practical laws governing euthanasia, seeking a practical way for dealing with above mentioned questions. However, the answers of existing philosophical and religious faiths to these questions are different. It should be noticed that in contrast to countries which have secular governments: in most Islamic countries the laws and regulations regarding such subjects as euthanasia are based upon Islamic views. We will discuss the: Religious arguments. According to other religions who are against this act because: Euthanasia is against the word and will of God , Euthanasia weakens society’s respect for the sanctity of life , Suffering may have value , Voluntary euthanasia is the start of a slippery slope that leads to involuntary euthanasia and the killing of people who are thought undesirable. Let’s discuss each point. First Euthanasia is against the will of God according to the Islamic point of view. Islamic jurisprudence, based on a convincing interpretation of the holy Koran, does not recognize a person’s right to die voluntarily.
The Islamic arguments against euthanasia can be summarized in two main reasons: Life is sacred and euthanasia and suicide are not included among the reasons allowed for killing in Islam and God decides how long each of us will live and two verses support this reason. According to Islamic teachings, life is a divine trust and cannot be terminated by any form of active or passive voluntary intervention. All the Islamic scholars regard active euthanasia as forbidden and there is no difference between Sunni and Shiite schools. The moment of death is under the control of God and the human has no say in this matter; the human cannot and should not attempt to hasten or delay it The prohibition on life applies equally well whether for self, suicide, or others, homicide or genocide. The concepts of autonomy, freedom and individual choice does not apply here for these two reasons: life does not belong to the human and taking life will cause harm to the family and society in general. An individual’s freedom of choice is constrained by the harm it causes to others. Justifying the stance of advocates of euthanasia on the basis of other factors such as economic concerns, consideration of resources that could otherwise be utilized by other patients and death with dignity does not seem plausible because of crime nature of mercy killing in Islamic point of view.
As a conclusion we can say that the Islamic position is that life belongs to GOD. It is He who gives and takes away life. No human can give or take it. Muslims are against euthanasia. They believe that all human life is sacred because it is given by Allah, and that Allah chooses how long each person will live. Human beings should not interfere in this. According to other religions Euthanasia is against the will of God. Religious people don’t argue that we can’t kill ourselves, or get others to do it. They know that we can do it because God has given us free will. Their argument is that it would be wrong for us to do so. They believe that every human being is the creation of God, and that this imposes certain limits on us. Our lives are not only our lives for us to do with as we see fit. To kill oneself, or to get someone else to do it for us, is to deny God, and to deny God’s rights over our lives and his right to choose the length of our lives and the way our lives end Secondly, the Value of Suffering. Religious people sometimes argue against euthanasia because they see positive value in suffering.
Christianity teaches that suffering can have a place in God’s plan, in that it allows the sufferer to share in Christ’s agony and his redeeming sacrifice. They believe that Christ will be present to share in the suffering of the believer. Pope John Paul II wrote that “It is suffering, more than anything else, which clears the way for the grace which transforms human souls.”However while the churches acknowledge that some Christians will want to accept some suffering for this reason, most Christians are not so heroic. So there is nothing wrong in trying to relieve someone’s suffering. In fact, Christians believe that it is a good to do so, as long as one does not intentionally cause death. Several Eastern religions believe that we live many lives and the quality of each life is set by the way we lived our previous lives. Those who believe this think that suffering is part of the moral force of the universe, and that by cutting it short a person interferes with their progress towards ultimate liberation. Some non-religious people also believe that suffering has value.
They think it provides an opportunity to grow in wisdom, character, and compassion. Suffering is something which draws upon all the resources of a human being and enables them to reach the highest and noblest points of what they really are. Suffering allows a person to be a good example to others by showing how to behave when things are bad. M Scott Peck, author of The Road Less Travelled, has written that in a few weeks at the end of life, with pain properly controlled a person might learn how to negotiate a middle path between control and total passivity, about how to welcome the responsible care of strangers, about how to be dependent once again … about how to trust and maybe even, out of existential suffering, at least bit about how to pray or talk with God. Some people think that euthanasia shouldn’t be allowed, even if it was morally right, because it could be abused and used as a cover for murder. Thirdly, sanctity of life: this argument says that euthanasia is bad because of the sanctity of human life.
There are four main reasons why people think we shouldn’t kill human beings: All human beings are to be valued, irrespective of age, sex, race, religion, social status or their potential for achievement. Human life is a basic good as opposed to an instrumental good, a good in itself rather than as a means to an end Human life is sacred because it’s a gift from God. Therefore the deliberate taking of human life should be prohibited except in self-defense or the legitimate defense of others. Finally the slippery slope: Many people worry that if voluntary euthanasia were to become legal, it would not be long before involuntary euthanasia would start to happen. This is called the slippery slope argument. In general form it says that if we allow something relatively harmless today, we may start a trend that results in something currently unthinkable becoming accepted.
Those who oppose this argument say that properly drafted legislation can draw a firm barrier across the slippery slope. In conclusion, I think that, regardless of the religious points of view that prohibit that, even if I have the chance as a doctor to do that I don’t think that it is my job to eliminate the person who suffers rather than trying to eliminate the pain its self. If we can’t see what is the meaning of life then what makes the difference between us and the chair in our home. It’s our humanity what distinguish us and prevent our soul from being sucked away, turning us into moving monsters. Be careful it’s the time when morals well seem to be hidden by a fake fog, behind it other intentions guarded by absurd justifications. What do you think?