Gabbett, T, T King, and D Jenkins. “Applied physiology of rugby league..” Sports Med. (2008): n. page. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18201115>. This article describes the correlation between the human body, training time, and injury. The article discusses how as the rugby season goes on; the player has a greater risk for injury. This is due to over training and therefore causes the player to become fatigued. When the body is fatigued and it does not have as much endurance or agility, the risk of contact injury increases. This article is from a website called pubmed.gov; it is associated with the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health. Because of this, I believe this website to be credible. The article also sites many studies to be used as proof in the article that injury occurs later in the season for rugby players. There are three authors for this article. They are on the Brisbane Broncos Rugby League Club in Queensland, Australia. They have written several articles each about injuries in rugby. Being on a rugby team, they have firsthand experience with the injuries related to rugby. This article will be very useful in my review essay. I found it to a credible source and it ties in perfectly with my research on how the human physiology is related to injury in rugby.
Gabbett, T, D Jenkins, and B Abernathy. “Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training..” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. (2010): n. page. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20483661>. This article, Physical Collisions and Injury during Professional Rugby League Skills Training discusses a study that was done on professional rugby players. The number of collisions a rugby player encountered during training was recorded, as well as the intensity of the collision, whether it was mild, moderate, or heavy. The down time between games was also taken into consideration. Each player encountered about 77 collisions during a season. The majority of the hits were moderate with mild coming in second, followed by heavy collisions. A player was more likely to encounter a hit if the down time between games was longer. The website this article was found on is a government website, associated with the US National Library of Medicine. It was published in Sports Medicine Australia. The authors of this article have written several articles relating to rugby and injuries that have been published in this journal and on this website. This article will be helpful in my review essay because it addresses the specifics of collisions in rugby as well as injuries. It is also a very credible source.
Gabbett, TJ. “Incidence of injury in semi-professional rugby league players.” British Journal of Sports Medicine. (2003): n. page. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/37/1/36.full>. The main purpose of this article, Incidence of injury in Semi-Professional Rugby League Players, is to explain a study done to identify when, how many, where, and how bad injuries that semi-professional rugby players sustained. The findings of this study were that depending on the intensity of play or whether or not it was practice factored into how bad and how many injuries there were. The study decided that more tests needed to be done to identify the factors of collisions. This article was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, this is a reliable source. The author of this article is one of the authors of both of the above articles. I have already found him to be a credible source. This article will be useful in my review essay because it discusses exact statistics for injuries caused during a rugby match and practice.
. “Rugby Injuries.” teachpe.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb 2013. <http://www.teachpe.com/sports_injuries/sports/rugby_injuries.php>. This website discusses the most common injuries sustained during rugby matches. It also talks about how to prevent these injuries from occurring. The website that is page is on is called teachpe.com. I don’t believe website is very credible when discussing rugby because it talks about many sports that could be played in school and is not centered specifically on rugby. Because of this the article is not very detailed because it is just a broad overview. I couldn’t find the author to this specific page so I could not check their credentials to prove they know about rugby injuries. I don’t believe this page will be helpful in my review essay. Because I could not verify it as a credible source, I will not be able to use the somewhat helpful information in my paper.
Gabbett, TJ, S Ullah, et al. “Skill qualities as risk factors for contact injury in professional rugby league players..”Journal of Sport Sciences. (2012): n. page. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. In the article, Skill Qualities as Risk Factors for Contact Injury in Professional Rugby League Players, it talks about a study designed to see if there is a correlation between skill levels and contact injuries. After a three year study of sixty-six professional rugby players, the study showed that there was no direct link between the two. It did however find that when a play had a slower reaction time, that player was more likely to sustain a contact injury as opposed to a player with a faster reaction time. This study was done at the School of Exercise Science at Australian Catholic University. The article is again published on a government site associated with the US Library of Medicine. The authors of this article have already been deemed credible sources. I believe this article will help me with my review essay because along with being a credible source, it brings a new perspective into why rugby players may be injured.
Gabbett, TJ, S Ullah, and CF Finch. “Identifying risk factors for contact injury in professional rugby league players–application of a frailty model for recurrent injury..” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. (2012): n. page. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22748762>. In the article, Identifying risk factors for contact injury in professional rugby league players–application of a frailty model for recurrent injury, the experimenters tried to determine what the risk factors for common injuries in rugby were. They acquired sixty-six professional rugby players and took measurements, such as heights, body mass, speed, etc., before the season started. The results found that “heavier, and faster players, and those with poorly developed prolonged high-intensity intermittent running ability and upper-body strength had a higher incidence of contact injuries” (Gabbett, Ullah, and Finch ). The authors of this article I have already deemed to be credible because of their extensive research in this field with many published articles in scientific journals. This article is published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport which is also a credible source. I believe this article will be helpful for my review essay because it helps identify injury risk factors. Gabbett, T, and S Ullah.
“Relationship between running loads and soft-tissue injury in elite team sport athletes..” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. (2012): n. page. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22323001>. In the article, Relationship between running loads and soft-tissue injury in elite team sport athletes, it discusses how the evidence between running loads and soft-tissue injuries in practically nonexistent. Their study however, focused on low and high intensity running. They found that in professional sports teams, it would be to the advantage of the player to not preform many sprints, so to help prevent injury. The authors of this article are many of the same as I have already researched and found to be credible. This article was also published in a credible journal, the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. This article will help me with my review essay because it, along with a few other articles helps pinpoint the cause of injuries in rugby. Austin, D, T Gabbett, and D Jenkins. “Tackling in a professional rugby league..” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. (2011): n. page. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21358431>.
In the article, Tackling in a professional rugby league, the researchers wanted to find out exactly what kind of tackles were happening. They studied three positions over the course of 5 matches. What they found was “the first defender generally makes a front-on tackle, either low or high, whereas the second player performs a front-on high tackle. If a third player is involved in a tackle, he or she makes contact with the player from the side and above the waist” (Austin, Gabbett, and Jenkins ). This is extremely helpful to know because the direction you make a tackle and the height you tackle is very much related to injury. This article again has credible authors already researched. This was published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research which helps its credibility. This will be useful in my review essay to show how rugby tackles occur.