We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Bionics and Prosthetics – The future Possibilities Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC
  • Pages:
  • Word count: 1111
  • Category: biology

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Bionics and Prosthetics – The future Possibilities Essay Sample

Introduction

The most significant part of our world is that all of the world’s fields and areas of knowledge can relate to each other even in the most farfetched ways. By connecting these different faculties together, one can create new fields that can greatly help our world and the human population. One of the most successful collaborations of two different fields is technology and human biology, namely bionics. Another name for bionics is biomimicry; this name better illustrates the purpose of the subject as machine replacing or amplifying human biological movements. Long has this subject been limited to sticks and hooks; however, recent technological advancements have allowed for prosthetics controlled by thought. This is what this essay will revolve around: the neurobiology of the human body, bionics and prosthetics/neuroprosthetics and the future of bionics.

Part One – The Neurobiology of the Human Body

The human body is a brilliant machine on its own. With its own system of fuel flow in the form of blood and veins, and an engine-like heart, the body is truly a machine. Yet what makes this even more prominent is the interconnecting nexus of electrical impulses in our body, complete with main circuitry being the brain and spinal cord. This nexus is able to send unlimited messages to all its parts, able to grow and shrink with age, and most importantly able to control all movements and thoughts. This nexus is the neurobiology of the body.

Neurobiology is the biology of the nervous system, the network that controls all these electrical impulses. These impulses are messages of electricity sent by the brain via the spinal cord to effector cells that cause the body to react or move. The key word here is electricity; electricity travels through the body at amazingly fast speeds sending all kinds of messages needed for daily living. Membrane proteins found in all cells, known as ion channels, produce electrical signals that control processes including the human heartbeat, vision and sexual attraction through electrical ‘events’ in neurons and muscle cells. A large part of the human body runs on electricity.

Part Two – Bionics and Prosthetics/Neuroprosthetics

Electricity is what powers man. Electricity is what powers machine. The combination of these two electricities results in the subject of Bionics. Bionics is the science of replacing biology with machine. Todd Kuiken, an expert on bionic prosthetics, describes bionics as “the stuff of life meets machine”. This field has many practical advantages including advanced rehabilitation for amputee’s. By combining the knowledge of the human circuitry and machine circuitry, neuroprosthetics allows for more natural replacement limbs.

Prosthetics historically were called upon generally for war amputations, “The first recorded instance of amputations and prosthetic replacement appears in the book of the Vedas, written in Sanskrit in India … believed to have been compiled between 3,500 and 1,800 B.C. It records that the leg of Queen Vishpla was amputated in battle. After healing of the repaired wound, an iron leg was fitted to enable Queen Vishpla to walk and to return to the battlefield.” [Vanderwerker] Since then, amputations and prosthetics have become more comfortable. As well, the technology of the art has become more advanced and more varied as different situations occurred like the introduction to gun powder. Today Neuroprosthetics allows the prosthetics to read the impulses the brain sends to the amputated limbs and cause corresponding effectors to react.

The human impulse can be connected to the prosthetic in several ways, the two most common is to place highly precise sensors on the body so that when the signal comes it can be detected and a new signal sent through the machine and to connect each individual neuron via artificial synapses to send the message through.

In this technology, the main goal is to make the human life easier and more flexible. An amputated arm is where this technology is the most useful because of the number of signals that must be controlled (fingers, wrist, elbow and shoulder). Neuroprosthetics depends on myoelectric control to make our human biology better.

Part Three – The Future of Bionics

Myoelectric control takes impulses from muscle and records it to work an arm, the basic logic behind this process of neuroprosthetics. This myoelectric control is the basis of all bionics to come: cyborgs, androids, and all other human amplification technology will begin because of this. Our current use as prosthetics is only a start from where we can become more dependent on technology. Our dependency on technology is already a lot higher than the older generation would like, however it’s efficiency is undeniable. To consumers efficiency is key, and with thought controlled technology such as neuroprosthetics, ‘Thought Control’ will become tomorrow’s biggest thing.

There is already voice control, but soon there will be wide-spread thought control. Thought control today starts with neuroprosthetics being the more desirable replacement limb for amputees, but while this technology is relatively new, its use will increase rapidly and become more common-place. Then newer technologies will expand. ‘Robot suits’ that use nerve signals to help amplify arm and leg movements are already being created and tested by Tsukuba University in Japan, MIT in the United States and many others. Soon these suits will mesh into the human frame with bionics and then anyone with the money for surgery can be amputated and have extra powerful limbs controlled with just their thoughts.

The second breakthrough in thought control to come is a tool known as BodyWave. “The technology is based on electroencephalography (EEG), the study of how brain activity … excites neurons to emit brain waves. This electrical activity originates in the brain but is transported along the central nervous system. [Wearing the BodyWave anywhere on the skin will send signals where] the sensors register the electrical charges that occur in your brain when you concentrate hard. That synchrony produces a unique electrical signature that can be measured. When you stop concentrating, the synchrony breaks and the signature changes. The BodyWave then transmits this change through a simple receiver plugged into a USB port.”[Cloud] Through this technology, a computer will be able to carry out any task you wish.

Like with any aspiring technology, the potential for that technology to grow, with any tweaks and innovations, is unlimited.

Conclusion

Biology and technology are two growing, changing and relevant fields that are always thought to be two completely different fields. However, it is important to remember how mechanical our own bodies are and how advances in mechanical technology can mimic biological mechanics. From one field of science, we can advance the other.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

ISOLATION OF PLANT DNA FROM ONIONS

Title: Isolation of plant DNA from onion Introduction DNA is the hereditary material of all living organisms and therefore the isolation of DNA is essential to geneticists and molecular biologists and scientists interested in studying hereditary diseases. Almost all cells contain DNA, but not all have equal amounts and therefore it is important to select the source of DNA carefully. DNA is an actual thing,...

A Study of the PH Levels of...

Hypothesis: The lowest priced soap should have least Ph difference while the more expensive ones should have a higher PH difference. Method: First we note the price of each brand of soap and cut bits off the soap. Then we measure the bits. We place the piece of soap in beakers and fill it with water. We fill another beaker with water. After a week...

Urinalysis Lab Case

From analyzing the different urine samples containing glucose, albumin, an altered pH, and ketones, many observations were made. Through Benedict’s test, the Biuret test, the pH test and the odour test, many different characteristics were found. Ultimately, the unknown sample was found through these 4 tests. It was notable that the urine sample containing Benedict’s solution and glucose turned to a brownish-red color when heated....

The Effect of Temperature on the Rate...

Hypothesis Diffusion is the movement of molecules moving from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration. If a drop of food colouring is dropped in increasing temperatures of water, then it will spread faster throughout the water because an increase in temperature means an increase in the molecules kinetic energy (Andrew, 344). The molecules will move faster and diffusion will occur...

Biology - HIV Prevention and Transmission

Viruses are unique in that they have been classified as both living and nonliving, the reason for this is that they cannot reproduce without a host cell. Also they are acellular, which mean they don't have cells1. There are many different viruses, our body can fight most of the viruses but there are some that we cannot even fight with medics. HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus,...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?