A lot of investigators have studied working capital from different perspective and in different Surroundings. The subsequent ones were quite appealing and constructive for our study. The connection between profitability and liquidity was observed, as calculated by Current ratio on a section of joint stock businesses in Saudi Arabia via correlation and regression analysis. The learning established that the cash adaptation cycle was of more significance as a computation of liquidity than the current ratio that changes profitability. The volume variable was found to have major outcome on profitability at the industry altitude. The consequences were steady and had essential propositions for liquidity administration in different Saudi companies. Primary, it was obvious that there was a negative correlation between profitability and liquidity pointers for instance current ratio in the Saudi model studied. Next, the reading also discovered that there was enormous divergence between manufacturing businesses regarding the important computation of liquidity: (Eljelly, 2004)
A large amount of companies had a huge sum of cash installed in working capital. It can thus be anticipated that the manner in which working capital is administered will have a considerable outcome on profitability of those companies. By means of correlation and regression investigations we institute a considerable negative connection between gross operating returns and the amount of days accounts receivable, supplies stock and accounts payable of companies. On the root of these outcomes it is recommended that directors or executives could generate significance for their stockholders by dropping the quantity of days’ accounts receivable and inventories to a sensible lowest level. The direct opposite connection between accounts payable and profitability is steady with the analysis that lower profitable companies stay longer to reimburse their invoices. (Deloof, 2003)
For determining the effectiveness of working capital management, presentation, operation, and largely efficiency and effectiveness indices were considered rather than using different general working capital management tools. Setting business standards as objective-efficiency ranks of the individual companies, the research also observed the pace of attaining that objective level of competence by an individual company during the phase of research. Results and outcomes of the study showed that the Indian Cement Industry all together did not execute extraordinarily sound during the period of 1900 to 2001 (Ghosh & SG, 2004) In another research it is observed that in SRI LANKA the private sector manufacturing firms fully follow the working capital management strategies and policies. The facts and figure for the research were collected through surveys and discussions & conversations with CEO and CFO of a sample of manufacturing firms listed on the Colombo Stock Exchange. It is observed that most firms in Sri Lanka have casual working capital guidelines and group size has a control on the whole working capital strategy. In addition firm profitability has an effect on the processes of working capital scheduling and management. (Pandey & KLW, 1997)
A study carried out in Pakistan revealed the connection among the hard line/conventional working capital strategies for seventeen manufacturing firms and a huge sample of 261 public limited companies listed at Karachi Stock Exchange for a phase of 1998-2003. By means of ANOVA and LSD analysis, the research established considerable dissimilarity among the working capital investment and financing strategies transversely different industries. In addition, rank order relationship established that these considerable differences were extremely steady over the phase of six years of research. Lastly, normal least regression test originates a negative association between the profitability actions of companies and amount of assertiveness of working capital investment and financing strategies. The recent study more examines the impact of the extent of assertiveness of working capital strategies on market events of profitability (Afza & MS, 2007)
In another study it is observed that problem in working capital management is to attain desired swap between liquidity and profitability. By taking help from the theory of risk and return, investments with extra jeopardy will consequence to extra return. Thus, firms with high liquidity of working capital may have low risk then low profitability. Conversely, firm that has low liquidity of working capital, facing high risk results to high profitability. The issue here is in managing working capital, firm must take into consideration all the items in both accounts and try to balance the risk and return. (Nasr, 2007) Another study revealed that there is impact of working capital management strategies on the company performance of the Indian customer electronics business. It is observed that stock holding phase, debtors gathering phase and net working capital series had negative connection on the profitability of companies. While the regular payout phase had positive connection with profitability. (Vishnani & Shah, 2007)
It is also observed that there is association between working capital management competence and income before interest and taxes of the paper industry in India. The research showed that cash alteration rotation supply days had negative connection with income before interest and taxes. Whereas accounts payable days and accounts receivable days linked positively with income before interest and taxes. (Ramachandran & Janakiraman, 2009) Another connection found between working capital and profitability of Indian pharmaceutical firms. It is observed that there were two different disciplines of thinking on this subject: according to one discipline, working capital is not a cause of increasing profitability and there might be a pessimistic association between them, whereas according to the other discipline, investment in working capital plays a critical role in order to pick up the business profitability. In reality, the insufficiency of working capital would sustain fixed asset out of use. (Chakraborty, 2008)
Afza, T., & MS, N. (2007). Working Capital Management Policies of Firms: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan. South Asian Management Forum (SAMF) . Chakraborty, K. (2008). Working Capital and Profitability: An Empirical Analysis of Their. The Icfai Journal of Management Research . Deloof, M. (2003). Does Working Capital Management Affects Profitability of Belgian. Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, , 573 – 587. Eljelly, A. (2004). liquidity profitabiltytradeoff. international journal of commerce and management: an emperical investigation in emerging markets , 48-61. Ghosh, S., & SG, M. (2004). Working Capital Management Efficiency: A
Study on the Indian Cement Industry. The Management Accountant , 363-372. Nasr, R. &. (2007). working capital management and Profitibilty: case of Pakistani firms. Pandey, I., & KLW, P. (1997). Determinants of Effective Working Capital Management – A Discriminant Analysis Approach. Research and Publication Department Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad India. , 1349. Ramachandran, A., & Janakiraman, M. (2009). The Relationship between Working Capital. Managing Global Transitions, , 61-74. Vishnani, S., & Shah, B. (2007). Impact of Working Capital Management Policies on Corporate. Global Business Review. , 267-281.