The Republican Party was created to prevent the introduction of slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico. Stephen Douglas was responsible for the Compromise of 1850 that apparently settled slavery issues. However, in 1854 he reopened the slavery question by the highly controversial Kansas-Nebraska Act that allowed the people of the new territories to decide for themselves whether or not to have slavery (which had been prohibited by earlier compromises). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_A._Douglas
Rio Grande River is the river claimed by Mexico as the border between the US and Mexico it is formally called the Río Bravo del Norte. This river, 1,885 miles (3,034 km) long, is the third longest river system in the United States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rio_Grande
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the sixteenth President of the United States. Lincoln won the Republican Party nomination in 1860 and was elected president later that year. During his time in office, he contributed to the effort to preserve the United States by leading the defeat of the secessionist Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. He introduced measures that resulted in the abolition of slavery, issuing his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoting the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which passed Congress before Lincoln’s death and was ratified by the states.
Nat Turner (Nathaniel Turner, October 2, 1800 – November 11, 1831) was an American slave who started the largest slave rebellion in the antebellum souther United States, in Southampton County, Virginia. His methodical slaughter of white civilians during the uprising makes his legacy controversial.
The Missouri Compromise was an agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress, involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories. It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missouri_Compromise
The Personal liberty laws were designed to undermine the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise of 1850 called for the admission of California as a free state; the strengthening of the Fugitive Slave Law; popular sovereignty in Utah and New Mexico concerning the question of slavery; the abolition of the slave trade in D.C.; and the federal assumption of Texas debt. http://www.sparknotes.com/testprep/books/sat2/history/chapter10section2.rhtml
The primary reason why the seven states seceded from the Union in 1860 and 1861 is that the government of the United States failed to uphold their obligations to South Carolina. The specific issue stated was the refusal of some states to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act and clauses in the US Constitution protecting slavery and the federal governments’ perceived role in attempting to abolish slavery. It argued for states’ rights for slave owners in the South, but contained a complaint about states’ rights in the North in the form of opposition to the Fugitive Slave Act, claiming that Northern states were not fulfilling their federal obligations under the Constitution. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War
William Lloyd Garrison (December 12, 1805 – May 24, 1879) was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the radical abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, and as one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society He promoted “immediate emancipation” of slaves in the United States. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Lloyd_Garrison
John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was an American abolitionist who advocated and practiced armed insurrection as a means to end all slavery. He led the Pottawatomie Massacre in 1856 in Bleeding Kansas and the unsuccessful raid at Harpers Ferry in 1859 http://www.wvculture.org/History/jnobrown.html
Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe Published in 1853, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the United States, so much so in the latter case that the novel intensified the sectional conflict leading to the American Civil War. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Tom%27s_Cabin
Sectionalism is loyalty to the ideas of ones own region or section of the country, rather than the ideas and the well-bearence of the nation as a whole. Sectionalism is a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of country as a whole. This situation led top conflict between different regions in the United States and eventually caused the civil war. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sectionalism
They are against the Fugitive Slave Act because the Northern fears of a ‘slave power conspiracy’. It declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fugitive_Slave_Law_of_1850
Popular sovereignty or the sovereignty of the people is the belief that the legitimacy of the state is created by the will or consent of its people, who are the source of all political power.
Dred Scott (1799 – September 17, 1858), was a slave in the United States who sued unsuccessfully for his freedom in the famous Dred Scott v. Sandford case of 1857 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dred_Scott
The Republican party’s condemned slavery. It opposed the expansion of slavery and called upon Congress to take measures, whenever necessary, to prevent its extension.
The Underground Railroad was an informal network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th century Black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists who were sympathetic to their cause. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underground_Railroad