Child and young person development Essay Sample
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Child and young person development Essay Sample
1. Know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: a. Physical development b. Communication and intellectual development, c. Social, emotional and behavioural development. Physical development Communication and intellectual development Social, emotional and behavioural development 0 – 3 years
New born babies have little control over their bodies. Their movement depends on series of reflexes, as they get older they start to develop series of movements and actions called the ‘gross motor skills’ such as crawling, sitting, grabbing, pointing, running rolling, hopping, jumping, and so on. In their second year, children should have better ability to control their movement. In their third year, children would start to develop some ‘fine motor skills’ such as painting, colouring, and scribbling. They would enjoy looking at, and turning the pages of books. At this age they should be able to use a cup and feed themselves. Babies will start to be listening to languages around them and enjoy songs and games. Some children will start to speak at 12 months, although not clearly. By 1st and 2nd years, children will start to put words together and their vocabulary will increase. Between age 2 and 3, children will start to used negative and plurals in their speech, although they will make errors in their grammar when speaking. Children will be starting to find out about their own identities. They will form strong attachment to parents and careers.
At this stage children have tantrums through frustration and will want to do things by themselves.
3 – 7 years
At this stage, children will be refining the skills developed so far, they will have more confidence and more control over the fine motor skills such as cutting, writing and drawing. Children become more social and have wider experiences. They ask large amount of questions and will be able to talk about things in past and future tenses with greater confidence. They will start looking for adult approval and will be starting to learn how to read. Children will start to play with peers and socialise using imaginative play. They will start to learn to understand the importance of boundaries and why they are necessary. They will still seek approval from adult. Physical development Communication and intellectual development Social, emotional and behavioural development 7 – 12 years
Children would start to have hobbies and interest such as sports, dance, drama, and songs. Children will continue to develop and refine many of their skills. The girls will start to show signs of early puberty from age 10-11. Puberty in boys usually start later. By now most children will be fluent in speaking a language, they would be able to transfer information and think in a more abstract way. At this stage, children will be developing and refining their skills at reading and writing. They will be more able to think and discuss ideas. Children will be increasingly aware of what others may think of them. At this age children’s friendship becomes more settled and they have more friends.
12 – 16 years
The boys will be starting to go through puberty and many of the girls would be completing their puberty and having regular periods, as a result of the different stages of puberty, the boys and girls would vary in height. At this stage most girls are taller than boys and the young people will be growing stronger. Young people will be selecting and taking GSCEs and A levels, they will usually now have clear ideas about their favourite subject. This is the stage young people want to feel like they belong. At this age young people find themselves under the pressure of growing up and with increasing expectations from adults. Their self esteem can be very vulnerable. They will want to be independent of adult, therefore spend more time with their friends. They may look all grown up but at time they still display childish behaviour. 16 – 19 years
Young people are considered as adult, although many girls may be physically matured at this stage, the boys will continue to grow until their mid 20s. Most young people are leaving school and are thinking of the career path to take and university choices. They will be able to focus on their area of strength and be able to develop it more. At this stage the young people have now in adulthood, they will still need advice and guidance from more experience adult. They will lack experience and emotional maturity in the ways they interact with others.