Through petitions and signings the Supreme court unanimously ruled in favor for Brown, in the Brown vs. Board of Education case, disavowing the notion of “separate but equal” segregated racial schools.
1960 was a critical year for the movement. Early that year a handful of college students in Greensboro, North Carolina driven out of anger and frustration sat at the “white only” Woolworths lunch counter and refused to give up their seats when ordered, Within a few days students were filling lunch counters throughout the city and a new term as well as a new tactic in the struggle of civil rights was born.
(J.F K) 1960 was a year of presidential election year In J.F Kennedy many African Americans saw a chance of the first meaningly government action in the cause of equal rights and equal justice, America’s black leadership strongly supported Kennedy.
(Birmingham Alabama March/Protest ML. K) April 12 1963, Dr King, Reverend Ralph Abernathy and a thousand others marched toward downtown Birmingham, Alabama a town known as the pinnacle of segregation in america . As expected King and Abernathy along with many others were jailed for being in violation of the “AntiProtest” Junction declared by the police and local government. King was held in prison for 24 hours until President Kennedy had personally interceded with Birmingham officials, king was let out of prison 8 days later.
May 2nd, 1963 a large group of black children joined the Birmingham protest, after a speech from King they marched downtown. The police soon started their intervention and many were arrested. The same busses used for segregated schools transported these children to segregated prisons that day 1,000 students were arrested. The next day another 1000 students joined the march, this time the authorities resorted to violence, the marches were blasted with fire hoses, attacked by police dogs and gassed.
May 10th, 1963 under pressure from the federal government and from outrage world opinion, the leaders of Birmingham accepted the marches demands.
(March on Washington) August 1963, marked the day of the March on Washington, which was in support of the civil rights act. 250,000 white and black men, women and children attended this day. The day was a landmark in American history, the highlight of this day was a speech by Martin Luther King, which stands as the most important, beautiful, eloquent and stirring orations in the english language. Kings words made AfricanAmerican feel truly free.