1. Briefly explain the five choices speakers can make. How do these elements determine a speech’s success or failure? The five choices a speaker can make involves creativity, preparation, style, delivery method, and retention. Creativity is generating resources during learning and examination while offering a conclusion so that the concepts of the speech are supported distinctly. Preparation is arranging resources for the main point, associating the main point with the bulk of the speech while delivering the flow of the speech. Delivery method is conducting the speech in a manner the audience can relate to, such as body gestures, visuals, proper tone, etc. The style is how the speech is offered and delivered to the audience to the make it memorable such as comedy, compassion, fascinating, etc. This is vital when trying to point out the main ideas or thoughts of the speech. Retention is assuring all main ideas are presented, supported, and highlighted. These elements determine a speech’s success or failure, depending on the speaker’s approach, delivery method, and retention of the audience.
2. What role does the delivery method (e.g. online, video conferencing, face-to-face, conference room) play in constructing a presentation? The method of delivery is very important when constructing a presentation. You must first decide what sort of audience you are presenting to in order to choose your delivery method. Choosing a successful delivery method facilitates how the audience understands the presentation while listening or viewing. The speaker must deliver the speech with the right tone. Rehearsing the speech in the way it is going to be delivered is a good way to determine if you are reaching your audience effectively.
In addition to a clear and proper tone, you must also exhibit the appropriate body language. By doing so, you are able to keep your audience in tune with the presentation. Having the elements of a clear tone, captivating, educational, or motivating speech, and the proper body language gives the impression of bonding with the speaker and the audience. Compassion and consideration is important when delivering the speech to the audience. This provides the audience with the sense that the speaker understands exactly what he or she is speaking about and possibly feel the exact way about the speech being delivered.
3. What is the difference between hearing and listening? What are some strategies you could employ to improve your listening skills? What does it mean to listen critically? When sound waves are transformed by the electrochemical impulses into the brain, the wonderful sense of hearing is experienced. Listening is actually paying attention to the speaker and understanding what was said. Hearing is being able to hear what is said but not understand the meaning of the speech. Hearing and listening are essential elements to comprehending and determining what was recently received by the audience. Here are some methods to enhance the listening environment for the audience involves: minimizing potential disturbances, divert the audience with the appearance of speaker, delivery method of the speaker must be entertaining, deferring discernment, focusing on listening and develop note taking skills. In my opinion, I believe practicing on obtaining the undivided attention of the audience while keeping an open mind is a good method to employ. It’s a good idea to listen to other presentations in order to become a better listener and speaker in general.
4. What are the parts of a speech? Describe the role each part plays in an effective presentation. a) Speaker- is the person delivering or providing an oral / visual message to the audience b) Message – is the oral, written, or visual communication between the speaker and audience c) Channel – is the method in which the message is communicated such as gestures, visuals, proper tone, etc. d) Listener – is the audience receiving and comprehending the speaker’s message e) Feedback – the way the audience receives, understands, and responds to the message f) Interference – is anything impeding communication of a message externally or internally to the listeners such as noise, distractions, poor lighting, climate control, etc. g) Situation – the setting where the actual speech occurred
5. What are some ways to use your voice and body effectively when giving an oral presentation? In which areas do you need to improve? With the loudness and softness of my voice, I can regulate the volume and pitch of my tone. The length of the speech can be determined by the rate and pauses I use with the delivery. The pace in which I speak is known as rate and brief breaks in the verbal delivery are referred to as pauses. The rate, pitch and volume of the verbal variation is broaden and persuasiveness of to the speaker is widened. Normal sound and tempo in chosen language is essential for effectively pronouncing words clearly. Communication is using the actual creation of speech and sounds in your voice. Strong and hard accents, proper grammar, and an expanded vocabulary are unique for dialect. While observing the list above, I realize I need to improve on all aspects of public speaking. I tend to stutter, not make eye contact with the audience, and read like a robot with delivering a speech of any kind.