Laboratory procedures and practices must be communicated in a laboratory, because to keep the risk as minimum as possible by storing the chemical products in an appropriate and safe manner. A staff member shall be responsible for all stored chemicals and their use. All products must be labelled so that the researcher can identify and communicate the identity of the sample for laboratory staff. Unidentified chemical should be treated as infectious and disposed of in a proper way. All chemicals should be stored in suitable containment appropriate to hazard the agent. Containers used for storage must be enclosed or sealed. Accurate inventory should be maintained for the purpose of assessing risk and reducing unnecessary handling. Inventory must be updated to a minimum, annually.
Each chemical container must also be labelled with the name or code of the chemical, the name and contact information of the user. This information must be legible to the environment is stored, i.e. indelible.
A laboratory to reduce the risk good sanitation is essential to protect the integrity and chemicals. Cleaning routine should be invoked to provide work areas free from significant sources of contamination. It should be clean-up actions based on the higher degree of risk to the safety of individuals and the pilot may be exposed.
Laboratory staffs are responsible for cleaning the seats in laboratories and equipment and areas that require specialised technical knowledge. Some laboratory cleaning connects:
* Keeping laboratory clean and uncluttered – surfaces must be clean and free of chemicals commonly used, glassware and instruments. Way to washbasin, eyewash areas, emergency showers and exits, and fire suffocations must not be blocked.
* The proper clearance of chemicals and excess – Old should not be used and the clearance of chemicals promptly and correctly.
* Arranging a workplace which is free of physical hazards – corridors and passageways must be free of subsiding hazards. Concentration must be given to electrical safety, particularly as it reveals to the use of extension cords, appropriate grounding of instrument and deterrence of the production of electrical hazards in wet areas.
* All laboratory instruments needs to be cleaned and verified of being free of hazards before being issued for correction or assistance.
All protective equipment must be cleaned, laundered and disposed of by the member of staff. Apparel contaminated with human blood or other potentially infectious materials should be handled as little as possible and needs to be collected in special boxes, labelled or colour coded. Laundry will be cleaned according to the specific laboratory operating procedures laundry facility. Appropriate protective equipment must be worn by member of staff who handles contaminated laundry.
The inflammable hazard is evident when gases such as hydrogen, methane, and acetylene are acknowledged. However, the fire hazard can be appended greatly. Staff must avoid the dangers of fire risk, high-pressure gas. A very brief contact with liquids or materials at low temperatures can cause burns similar to burns from high temperature contacts. The eyes are particularly vulnerable to this type of exposure, so safety glasses are required.
Suppliers of care of health are invited to subject an agreed whole of data for each audit. The data are contained in an environment very blocked, are analysed and adjusted the risk and are applied, with recommendations for the improvement. Feedback is via the annual reports available to the patients, the clinicians, the combined professionals of health, the information management and the personnel. The data gathered are replaced year-on-year to confirm progress and tend.
Most audit checks also provide fast, secure, online information allows contributors to see from their own computer how their organisation is performing against agreed standards at national level if available and in comparison with other trusts and networks.
Although several audits have been in operation for a short period of time, other more established checks already leading to improvements in direct patient care. For example, the audit of heart attack led to improvements in treatment following a stroke and more patients taking drugs that are effective when they are discharged. (NHS, 2009)
All in all communicating laboratory procedures is important because laboratories are inherently fairly dangerous places, e.g. Physics laboratories often have high voltage electricity or ionising radiation, Chemistry laboratories have dangerous chemicals and Biology laboratories have biological hazards such as microorganisms that can cause diseases. The risk in a particular laboratory depends almost entirely on what happens to it. It is only through careful assessment by a qualified and experienced and then they identify risks establishing and following safe working practices in a laboratory can be done in a reasonably safe place to work. Audits are introduced to measure the quality of patient care and improvements over time. Security measures may include things such as training of personnel, exhaust systems, natural obstacles, and alternative less hazardous chemicals that achieve the same result.
Nmsu, 2008. http://www.nmsu.edu/safety/images/signs/symbol2d.jpg
Safetyfirstaid, 2009. http://www.safetyfirstaid.co.uk/images/catalogue/product/SG0088-L.jpg
Weird, 2009. http://www.weird.fr/images/logo_405x401_hazard_highly_flammable.jpg
NHS, 2009. http://www.ic.nhs.uk/statistics-and-data-collections/audits-and-performance/national-clinical-audits