According to studies, strategies for reducing the risks of cardiovascular disease and type 2-diabetes are not widely implemented despite well-publicized guidelines (Hawk, 2010). New studies provide evidence that community-nursing leadership is effective in helping patients manage these and other chronic conditions. Results of the community outreach programs demonstrate that interventions by nurse-led teams using individual treatment with blood pressure (BP) screenings improved not only the risk factor status of individual treatments regimens but patients’ perception of quality care they receive (Hawk, 2010). One important factor is to issue guidelines and advisories designed to increase awareness, prevention, treatment, and control hypertension through community screenings (Hawk, 2010). The World Health Organization reports that suboptimal BP (>115mmHg SBP) is responsible for 62% of cerebrovascular disease and 49% of ischemic heart disease, with little variation by sex. In addition, suboptimal blood pressure is the number one attributable risk for death throughout the world (Hawks, 2010).
The American Heart Association (2012) explains your healthcare providers will want to get an accurate picture of your blood pressure and chart what happens over time. Starting at age 20, the American Heart Association recommends a blood pressure screening at your regular healthcare visit or once every two years, if your blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg. While BP can change minute to minute with changes in posture, exercise, stress, or sleep, it should normally be less than 120/80 mm Hg. About one in three (33.5%) U. S. adults have high blood pressure (American Heart Association, 2012). When monitoring blood pressure in the community you want to educate that typically more attention is given to the top number ( the systolic blood pressure) as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease for people over 50 years-of-age. In most people, systolic blood pressure rises steadily with age due to increasing stiffness of large arteries, long-term buildup of plaque, and increased incidence of cardiac and vascular disease.
If a continued high systolic number is recorded, an appointment with your family physician is needed. Based on my reach of hypertension, I chose my target audience of age 20 to 99. The location is not only convenient but handicap accessible; everything is on ground level. The Church has a large parking lot, and the church hall can accommodate 200 people safely. The assisted living facility and the senior housing facility transit vans will provide transportation for their residents to the event. The local transit service has a bus stop at the entrance to the Church hall; allowing residents of all ages to attend from different communities.
We have a church van to pick up our seniors who live in their homes in Pen Argyl. We plan to post the flyers in the laundry mat, the pizza restaurants, the post-office, the gas station, the bank’s community bulletin board, on the church website and in the church bulletin. In addition, to post flyers in the senior housing community board, and the assisted living community board, post our event on the TV69 channel community board, by word of mouth, and texting friends and family. Flyers are best for small-scale marketing, or when you have a small region to cover. Flyers are a cheap way to get information out to a large number of people.
In conclusion, we determined that community nursing and health education of blood pressure screening goal was to promote and maintain individual health. We educated on health care to promote quality of life. The population was able to have blood pressure screening and individual evaluation with effective presentation and education survey.
American Heart Association. (2012). Retrieved at http://www.heart.org/heart/conditions/highbloodpressure/about/understanding-blood-pressure Hawk, S. (2010). Chronic disease management: Community Outreach and Cardiovascular (COACH) Heart Health. AANA Journal, 80(2), pp. 89-92.