According to the Healthy People 2020 the goal for America is to increase the life expectancy which will help in children survival. Having goals such as more immunizations and less infectious diseases is one of the major goals. Acknowledging the disease and then coming up with the proper prevention will help the disease from expanding and becoming stronger. The proper use of hygiene and the use of other defenses will help prevent as well. There’s so much money you can save if you use your primary prevention methods. Attending screenings and testing’s will help and building a great rapport with the doctor can relieve a lot of stress. Knowing the statistics in vaccine preventable diseases can help and improve people’s perspectives in trusting healthcare professionals.
Overview of Teaching Plan
United States continue to get diseases that are vaccine preventable (Healthy People, 2015). Diseases such as viral hepatitis, influenza and tuberculosis till are one of the leading causes of death. Having the proper use of vaccines, medications (antibiotics), along with screening and testing will help the diseases from advancing and even spreading. Saving the buck by staying up to date on vaccines is the most effective primary prevention of care in the world. According to Healthy People 2020 it saves 33,000 lives, prevents 14 million cases of disease along with reducing direct and in saving in indirect costs.
According to the studies 42, 000 adults and 300 children die each year from vaccine preventable diseases. Another issue that we face as professionals are providing the proper care culturally as the United Stated is constantly growing. There are new diseases that are constantly being detected and further research in international travel and trade. The US is also looking into migration, importation of foods and agricultural practices along with threats of bioterrorism have also played an effect on diseases that we have been exposed to (Healthy People, 2015). According to NCBI the issues with immunizations lie in communities such as the urban areas.
There are multiple reasons to why vaccinations are important and why in some cases these are not being done. According to WHO the distance and the health staff’s motivation and attitude can play a role to why people don’t get vaccinated. There are other reasons such as lack of resources, funding and even false contraindications can be another factor as well. Distances have a major impact as well you have medical centers that are far and families that are unable to get there. Although difficult access clearly is a key barrier to vaccination in many, especially rural, settings, this factor does not always affect families equally (WHO, 2009). For families sufficiently motivated, distance simply makes getting their children immunized more difficult, but for others it is a barrier that is too difficult to overcome (WHO, 2009).
It is worth considering that in many countries, BCG and DPT1 rates, which can be considered as indicators of access, are over 80 or 90%, yet full coverage rates are significantly lower (WHO, 2009). The Kentucky Immunization Program works to provide services aimed at preventing and reducing the risk and incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases for all Kentuckians (CHFS, 2015). Kentucky’s mission statement is to prevent, promote and protect through education and collaboration to eliminate vaccine preventable diseases. While polio is no longer a concern in Kentucky, many of the articles in the earliest issues of Epidemiologic Notes and Reports addressed issues which public health practitioners still deal with in Kentucky, outbreaks such as shigellosis, tuberculosis contact investigations and the annual influenza season (CHFS, 2015). Evaluation of the Lesson
The questions I ask myself are what went well in this lesson. The information that I provided was well put and very detailed. I gathered all information from the appropriate sites. I handed out the appropriate paperwork so they followed. They asked questions and participated in group activities. I included them in the discussion and they felt appreciated. The problems that I experienced were the cognitive behaviors. Some of the clients have different intellectual disabilities mild, moderate and even severe. I learned that by visual and also audio were ways that they could understand what I was presented to them.
Community Response to Teachings
The community group responded in a great way. They appear to be involved through questions being asked and all attention when I was speaking. They also involved themselves in activities that were presented to them and appeared to be learning. Great group of clients and very good feedback was given. I learned that everyone learns differently and having the proper materials for presentation helped indeed.
Strengths and Needs for Improvements
The strengths were the actual material being presented along with myself understanding the topic and having the right resources. The clients were involved and they also felt like they were needed building self esteems while allowing them to help make decisions regarding planning. Improvements could be more communication in areas for the deaf and hard of hearing. Making sure they have trained healthcare professionals that can assist in any resources. Also I would say that the community needs to reach out more to the intellectual disabilities because their voice is hard to hear when some don’t listen. When there’s a lack of understanding then there’s no proper way of learning and being compliant with vaccinations and care.
In conclusion vaccinations are very important and it is important that we as healthcare professionals make sure we understand the proper guidelines for vaccinations. Keeping up with vaccinations will keep a lot of diseases reduced and also prevent the spread of infections. Making sure that each community is aware of the state regulations regarding vaccinations and being able to have access to resources will help indefinitely.
Immunization and Infectious Diseases. (2015, January 1). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/immunization-and-infectious-diseases
Epidemiology of the Unimmunized Child. (2009, October 1). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.who.int/immunization/sage/ImmBasics_Epid_unimm_Final_v2.pdf
Kentucky Epidemiologic Notes and aReports. (2014, July 1). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://chfs.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/2D1FE9DA-52F8-4E89-8DEE-620BE0310E6B/0/EpiNotesV45.pdf