Lesson plan as defined is a written document used in planning a presentation. (for more details see Google’s website) It is a way of noting the method of delivery, and the specific goals and timelines associated to the delivery of lesson content. (for more details see Google’s website) One of the topics that English Language Learners are focusing is the proper pronunciation of words.
As per the lesson planning done by Carol Rueckert, she believes that ESL students are not troubled with grammar but with proper pronunciation and making sense of idioms. (for more details see ESL Lesson Plan’s website) The method that is used in the lesson planning is through the old standard which is tongue twisters. There are varieties of these that can be found in the web. It could be fun and challenging. The length and difficulty of these will depend on the level of students. Having this activity is also a great filler if there is no schedule done for a certain day. (for more details see ESL Lesson Plan’s website)
The materials that you need are just a web or book where you can find files of tongue twisters, board, chalk or pen and students who will read the tongue twister that you wrote on the board. Students can read and repeat it several times as a whole group and then individually. Through this method, it helps the students to express the word correctly and properly by encouraging them to overcome their shyness and sticking their tongue out properly. (for more details see ESL Lesson Plan’s website) It is found out that Asian ESL learners are having difficulty in pronouncing words with “th”. (for more details see ESL Lesson Plan’s website)
Another procedure is through dictation which is sometimes referred as a writing activity. But then, it is really more on a language activity. Although it said that it is a teacher-centered and outmoded procedure, it can be useful if done sensitively. (for more details see TEFL.net’s website) There are different disadvantages of dictation that were addressed in this kind of method. It is said that dictation is time consuming. But it will be time consuming if correction is done word by word. (for more details see TEFL.net’s website) The texts that should be used in dictation do not have to be long. It should be done phrase by phrase. It is said to be unrealistic, but it should not be done in a verbatim way. Also, it is believe to be mechanical.
It might be true in a sense but it could be more appropriate to say that dictation is accurate because it requires concentration and thought. Dictation involves listening, writing or spelling, reading or pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. Materials used are limitless but consists of texts, songs, poetry, short compiled list, etc. The procedure includes the teacher to read the context at slightly reduced or emphasized way.
Repeating and allow students some time to note it down. Afterwards, let the students review errors and fine tuning. Allowing students to make self correction is important because they might think that a word is right but then when analyzed, they have heard another thing from the right one. Dictation helps students in a way that they are put into a test but should be careful not to choose a text that is difficult and unrealistic. (for more details see TEFL.net’s website)
Another useful method is through the usage of IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet). It can be useful tool in pronunciation because students will not just rely on teachers for correct pronunciation but they can look for the words themselves and decipher it using IPA. (for more details see English as 2nd language’s website) However, IPA is not an easy task. But they can have printable cards of IPA to use. The procedure is to begin by introducing IPA symbols to students slowly and few at a time.
Provide examples to each symbol and let students think for themselves example words for each symbol. (for more details see English as 2nd language’s website) Then distribute IPA symbol cards to students and allow them to exchange cards with fellow students while saying the words out loud. (for more details see English as 2nd language’s website) Through this method, it will not only make students learn language pronunciation but also have interaction with their fellow students.
The lesson plan’s strategies and procedures main goal is to provide ways to make ESL students learn pronunciation. Use of tongue twisters can be common in teaching and learning to pronounce words but is proven to be useful. Whereas, dictation can be found no real input for students but if carefully and sensitively used, it can also be helpful. The use of IPA cards is a new tool that is being introduced in lesson planning for pronunciation. Tongue twister and use of IPA cards can be more fun and interactive compared to dictation which needed more concentration and also focusing on writing skills. Nevertheless, these lesson plans that used different kinds of methods and plans have only one main goal. It is to provide ESL students learning activities that will help them learn in pronouncing words correctly.
Beare, Kenneth (n.d.) Pronunciation – IPA Symbol Card Game Retrieved September 20, 2006 from English as 2nd language Website: http://esl.about.com/library/lessons/blipacards.htm
Definitions of Lesson Plan on the Web. Retrieved September 20, 2006 from Google Website:
Dictation. Retrieved September 20, 2006 from TEFL.net Website:
Rueckert, Carol (2006 May 29). Lesson Planning – Teaching Pronunciation. Retrieved September 20, 2006 from ESL Lesson Plan Website: