We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Compare the early civilizations of India and China with those of Sumer and Egypt Essay Sample

The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Compare the early civilizations of India and China with those of Sumer and Egypt Essay Sample

The early civilizations of India and China and those of Sumer and Egypt were amongst the firsts in the world and have many similarities and differences with one another. Centralized development that both China and Egypt shared had many effects; and, it may have factored into the longevity of these states. Sumer and India, unlike their counterparts were more wide spread and decentralized, which could have factored into their longevity as well. The overall geographic position and structural organization of the civilization also plays a large role as to whether or not they fail or succeed.

It could also be affected by the fact that they were all civilizations that were primarily agricultural. China however having derived from nomadic hunters continued to fish aside from harvesting crops. Summer and Egypt made many contributions to the civilizations that followed in their wake. Where as the Harappan civilization, was wiped out and left little to no contributions to civilizations that followed. The idea that the centralization of the civilizations in question plays a role in their overall longevity is not entirely ludicrous.

For example Egypt, which was primarily centralized around the Nile River valley, lasted for nearly three thousand years. Where as the Harappan civilization, which featured two-great cities Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro both hundreds of miles apart from one another, was faced with its’ decline in a mere 1000 years since its’ start and was subsequently taken over by a nomadic tribe called the Aryans, and thus all the great inventions and potential influences of that civilization lost.

Of course, there are other things that affect the longevity of such a civilization. The geographic area and structural organization in which these civilizations are centered plays a large role in their success. For instance the Harappan civilization was in an area where the occurrences of nomadic conflict was slim, the Harappan civilization never really saw it necessary to develop a military, and thus when a conflict arose they were not prepared and were easily defeated.

Where as, the Chinese civilization was in an area that was at constant risk of nomadic invasion and so they developed a suitable army and whenever a situation arose they were more then prepared to combat it. China compared to Sumer was more extensively governed, because of it centralization. Sumer on the other hand was separated in small city-states each with their own individual king. Sumer is more comparable to India, and China to Egypt. Sumer and India both possessed individually run city-states with loose control over the entire union as a whole.

However, India’s two major cities though very far apart are remarkably similar in construction and positioning which demonstrates some control over city planning on India’s part. China and Egypt were both very centralized around a common point China around the yellow river and Egypt the Nile river, through this they were both able to avoid the use of many city-states, and thus it became less difficult and more manageable to control the entire city. The final set of similarities between these early civilizations is that they all exhibit a polytheistic religion of one sort or another.

However Egypt and China seem to share a more rationale thought behind the monumental temples and rituals they perform. Where as Sumer and India also have monuments and rituals, however their religious beliefs weren’t as deeply rooted as those of the Egyptian and Chinese civilizations. The Egyptians built their temples and pyramids as a sanctuary for afterlife and the rituals they perform are for their annual flooding of the Nile. The Chinese performed human sacrifices and relied on shaman to read the future by burning the bones of dead animals.

India and Sumer on the other hand do not have anything more rooted in their religion then praying for a good harvest and to avoid flooding they haven’t developed or thought into rituals for afterlife or deeper meanings in their religion. These are some of the many similarities and differences between the earliest civilizations, though they all had a lot in common it really is the differences they had that set them aside from one another and allow each of them to contribute to the history of the world differently.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Peculiarities of various assignment types

The educational process is diverse and full of interesting writing tasks which help students develop their academic abilities. Different assignments types are created by professionals in order to enhance students’ level of analytical, critical and writing skills and to vary the learning process. As a student, you will encounter numerous tasks of diverse complexities throughout your student life. Sometimes, maybe, too complicated! They have different peculiarities, structural...

Making decisions in health and social care

Critically analyses the concepts, features, and importance of costs and accounting in making decisions in health and social care Cost accounting is a method used in accounting to capture a company’s or organisation’s production costs. It assesses the input costs of every step in production, fixed costs like depreciation of capital equipment. Cost accounting measures and records costs individually then compare the input results via...

Сhildren development

Physical development 7-12 years By the age of 7 a child enjoys things such as bike riding and rollerblading they are now able to tie and untie shoelaces without adult help, they are now starting to understand what rules are and are able to follow simple rules. At 8-12 years a child improves the physical skills that they have already developed and start to see...

Forex international trading market

Introduction Forex exchange is on the rise in Namibia; resulting in more people wanting to learn how to trade to try to increase their income so that they can enhance their standard of living. Forex Foreign exchange identifies the process of converting domestic currency into international banknotes at particular exchange rates (Bofah, 2017, para.1). As the number of foreigners in Namibia is increasing, more Namibians...

Aristotelian idea of God

This image produced in 1544 shows emerging's of the Judeo-Christians and Aristotelian's traditions. Aristotle was very interested in the idea of motion and said “The world is in a constant state of motion and change”. An example of how the world is changing is the growth of trees and plants. Aristotle believed in a prime mover, which is the being which creates change in the...

Get Access To The Full Essay
Materials Daily
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
Free Plagiarism
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Couldn't Find What You Looking For?

Get access to our huge knowledge base which is continuously updated

Next Update Will Be About:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member