We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Confucianism VS Daoism (Taoism) “Compare and contrast Confucianism with Daoism” Essay Sample

essay

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

Confucianism and Daoism are two of the most influential schools of thought in ancient China. Both are not only ways of thinking, but ways of life. They are not religions: they have no teaching of worship of gods, or the afterlife; each philosophy focuses on the individual and their behavior. Confucianism and Daoism are often considered polar opposites for several reasons, although they have a few similarities.

Confucianism has a core of morality, ethics, and activism. It encourages social harmony and mutual respect. Confucianists sought to perfect their character by living a virtuous life and seeking goodness. They valued ethics, respect for elders, and propriety. Confucius, the originator of Confucian thought, believed political order would be found by the proper ordering of human relationships, and so did not bother himself with the structure of the state. He stressed that a good government must fill thei

r positions with well-educated and conscientious people, called Junzi. Confucius was followed by his

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
disciples Mencius and Xunzi. They also possessed the same optimism that humans could improve themselves to perfection.

Daoism has a core of self-reflection and oneness with the cosmos. They refused to meddle with problems that they thought defied solution, and were the prominent critics of Confucian activism. They devoted their energy to introspection, in hopes that they could better understand the natural principles of the world. The central concept of Daoism is Dao, roughly meaning “the way of nature”. The exact definition of Dao is unclear; it is portrayed as an unchanging, passive force that “does” without “doing”. Daoists try to follow Dao through Wuwei – complete disengagement from competition and activism, and instead living in harmony with nature. This philosophy discouraged the presence of any government or empires, just small self-sufficient communities.

There are a few similarities between Confucianism and Daoism. They were both created as a solution for the chaos that emerged from the fall of the Zhou Dynasty, although it was the arrival of Legalism that created unification in China. They both focus on self-improvement: Confucianism in the form of relations with others, and Daoism in the form of relations with oneself and nature. Confucianism and Daoism clearly have strong contrasts, but many people believe that for a person to be whole, they should incorporate elements from each.

Sources:Bentley, Jerry, and Herb Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 181-89. 3rd. McGrawHill, 2004.

We can write a custom essay on

Confucianism VS Daoism (Taoism) “Compare and ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Confucius and Daoist Fulfillment

What is a fulfilling life according to Confucianism and Daoism respectively, regarding their views on human nature, one’s relationship to his/her family/society, and nature? According to Confucianism philosophy, Confucianism is more than just a religion. A complex set of rules, which for nearly 2000 years dictated almost every aspect of Chinese life, it encompasses the fulfillment of life by living ethically and morally. Likewise, aside from being beneficial, it is also considered ones duty to live your life being involved in economic and political works, along with the spirituality. It is noted that while spirituality is very important, it is highly frowned upon for one to withdraw from society to seek spiritual enlightenment or a higher state of consciousness. This is because there is a great priority to make sure everybody actively contributes to society. “The core of Confucius philosophy was moral practice, centered on the virtue of REN, or...

The Importance of Ren in Maintaining Social...

When Confucius taught his disciples, he apparently did not intend to start an intellectual “school” or movement, and although it is still a subject of debate whether to classify Confucianism as a religion or not, his followers regard him as a god. Aside from his other titles, he was named the “Co-Assessor with the deities of Heaven and Earth” and in 1907, the emperor Kuang-Hsu ranked him next to God and has given him the title “Shiang-ti”—meaning that he should be another Son of Heaven (Brown 19). Throughout his career as an educator, Confucius taught about the concept of Ren, or “humanity,” “humaneness” or “benevolence,” which includes individual duties to society and all virtues which help maintain social harmony and peace. He taught that ren is a quality that every human should strive to achieve but since it is so exalted that he also taught a good life is an...

Teachings of Confucius

            Confucius had been very consistent in saying that the desire to obtain much profit should be avoided by man because it causes man to do evil and act evil against others. By this, he means that man should not occupied himself or not be so much in tune of gaining money or wealth because if he did this would make him turn against the virtues maintained by Confucius throughout his teachings such as righteousness and human heartedness (Confucius, 1989).             Though Confucius did not really disregard the role of economy in strengthening the society or the state, he suggested that economy should be directed towards the benefits of the mankind. He added that as the family is the smallest economic unit, the government should make the purpose of the economy to be geared towards the needs of every family. And ultimately, as the state is the larger economic unit,...

Popular Essays

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?