Conservation Of Natural Resources Essay Sample

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What is Environment?
The natural environment encompasses all living and nonliving things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species. The concept of the natural environment can be distinguished by components:
Complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive civilized human intervention, including all vegetation, microorganisms, soil, rocks, atmosphere, and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries.
Universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries, such as air, water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not originating from civilized human activity.

What are Natural Resources?
Natural resources occur naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by humanity, in a natural form. A natural resource is often characterized by amounts of biodiversity and geodiversity existent in various ecosystems. Natural resources are derived from the environment. Some of them are essential for our survival while most are used for satisfying our needs. Natural resources may be further classified in different ways. Natural resources are materials and components (something that can be used) that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources (at its fundamental level). A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, and air, as well as a living organism such as a fish, or it may exist in an alternate form which must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores, oil, and most forms of energy.

Renewable and Non-Renewable
Renewable Resources
A renewable resource is a natural resource which can replenish with the passage of time, either through biological reproduction or other naturally recurring processes. Renewable resources are a part of Earth’s natural environment and the largest components of its ecosphere. A positive life cycle assessment is a key indicator of a resource’s sustainability.

Non Renewable Resources
A non-renewable resource (also called a finite resource) is a resource that does not renew itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction in meaningful human time-frames. An example is carbonbased, organically-derived fuel. The original organic material, with the aid of heat and pressure, becomes a fuel such as oil or gas. Fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas), and certain aquifers are all non-renewable resources.

Exploitation of Natural Resources
The exploitation of natural resources started to emerge in the 19th century as natural resource extraction developed. During the 20th century, energy consumption rapidly increased. Today, about 80% of the world’s energy consumption is sustained by the extraction of fossil fuels, which consists of oil, coal and gas. Another non-renewable resource that is exploited by humans are Subsoil minerals such as precious metals that are mainly used in the production of industrial commodities. Intensive agriculture is an example of a mode of production that hinders many aspects of the natural environment, for example the degradation of forests in a terrestrial ecosystem and water pollution in an aquatic ecosystem. As the world population rises and economic growth occurs, the depletion of natural resources influenced by the unsustainable extraction of raw materials becomes an increasing concern.

Natural Resources That Must be Conserved





Ways to Conserve Them
Water Conservation
Conservation and management of water are essential for the survival of mankind, plants and animals. This can be achieved adopting the following methods:
1. Growing vegetation in the catchment areas, which will hold water in the soil and allow it to percolate into deeper layers and contribute to formation of ground water.
2. Constructing dams and reservoirs to regulate supply of water to the fields, as well as to enable generating hydroelectricity.
3. Sewage should be treated and only the clear water should be released into the rivers.
4. Industrial wastes (effluents) should be treated to prevent chemical and thermal pollution of fresh water.
5. Rainwater harvesting should be done by storing rainwater and recharging groundwater.

Ways to Conserve Them
Soil Conservation
We need to conserve the soil. Soil conservation means checking soil erosion and improving soil fertility by adopting various methods. Let us know some of these methods.
1. Maintenance of soil fertility: The fertility can be maintained by adding manure and fertilizers regularly as well as by rotation of crop. 2. Control on grazing: Grazing should be allowed only on the areas meant for it and not on agricultural land.

3. Reforestation: Planting of trees and vegetation reduces soil erosion by both water and wind.
4. Terracing: Dividing a slope into several flat fields to control rapid run of water. It is practiced mostly in hilly areas.
5. Contour ploughing: Ploughing at right angles to the slope allows the furrows to trap water and check soil erosion by rain water.

Ways to Conserve Them
Biodiversity Conservation
Now you have an idea of the importance of biodiversity for our survival and how it is destroyed. Let us know how to protect the biodiversity. There are two basic strategies for conservation of biodiversity: 1. In-situ conservation

In-situ (on site) conservation includes the protection of plants and animals within their natural habitats or in protected areas. Protected areas are areas of land or sea dedicated to protection and maintenance of biodiversity. For example: e.g., National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Biosphere Reserves, etc.

2. Ex-situ conservation
Ex-situ (off site) conservation is the conservation of plants and animals outside their natural habitats. These include Botanical Gardens, Zoo, Gene Banks, DNA Banks, Seed Banks, Pollen Banks, Seedling and Tissue Culture etc.

Ways to Conserve Them
Forests Conservation
We cannot live without plants, because the oxygen need for breathing is produced by plants. Trees absorb sunlight and reduce the heat. Plants provide fodder for animals, firewood, timber, medicines, honey, wax, gum and food for us. For the conservation of forests, following methods can be taken:

1. The cutting of trees in the forests must be stopped at all costs.
2. Afforestation or special programmes like Van Mahotsava should be launched on grand scale.
3. Celebrations of all functions, festivals should precede with tree-plantation.
4. Cutting of timber and other forest produce should be restricted.
5. Grasslands should be regenerated.

Ways to Conserve Them
Fossil Fuels Conservation
Fossil fuels are materials that are non-renewable such as oil, gas and coal. Many fossil fuels are reaching their “peak” (oil being the most rapidly depleted). So, conservation of fossil fuels can be done by adopting following methods:

1. Ride a bike or walk more.
2. Catch public transportation more often.
3. Reduce your use of plastic.
4. Reduce, reuse, recycle.
5. Install solar panels.
6. Be energy conscious with your power in the home.

Government Acts
By Our Indian Constitution
In recognition of the felt need for environmental protection, various regulatory and Promotional measures have been taken in our country over the past twenty years. These include the following :
1. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, amended in 1983, 1986 and 1991. 2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, amended in 1988.
3. The Water'(Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess, Act, 1977, amended in 1991.
4. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, amended in 1988.
5. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, amended in 1988.
6. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
7. The Motor Vehicle Act, 1938, amended in 1988.

Major Forms of Pollution

Major Forms of Pollution

Ways to Reduce Pollution
1. Question car culture. Industrial manufacturing practices are the primary reason the earth’s air is polluted, but carrelated pollution is the next biggest culprit.
2. Carpooling with your neighbours or signing up for a car share program are also great ways to reduce your car use.
3. Take the bus, subway or train.
4. Try walking or biking.
5. If you do drive, keep your car in good condition.
6. Go for less packaging.
7. Reuse, recycle, and compost.
8. Use environmentally safe paints and cleaning products whenever possible.
9. Plant trees.

Ways to Reduce Pollution
10. Conserve water.
11. Don’t throw litter into sinks and toilets.
12. Help clean up litter in water-filled areas.
13. Contain and compost yard waste.
14. Reduce the use of harmful products to the environment.
15. Reduce the amount of plastic you use.
16. Reduce your garbage amount.
17. Water your lawn as infrequently as possible.
18. Use a water filter to purify tap water instead of buying bottled water.
19. Use “gray water” on gardens and plants.
20. Use sink water to flush toilet waste.

Ways to Reduce Pollution
21. Harvest rainwater.
22. Make recycling bins readily available.
23. Do not use car horns unnecessarily.
24. Avoid loud music.
25. Firecrackers are extremely loud, so don’t try and burn them unnecessarily.
26. Turn off the engine of your car or motorbike when you are not using it.
27. Minimize light from your house at night.
28. Have lights in use in rooms that are in use. Other rooms should be kept dark.
29. Direct light to where it is needed.
30. Use low pressure sodium lights.

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