Correlations Influencing Self-Esteem Among Hong Kong Youngsters Essay Sample
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1. Introduction Self-esteem is related to passion toward important life activities (Vallerand et al., 2003). In the view of, we propose that to understand the underlying the individual difference of self-esteem and the passion for activities. In this research, the assumption is that the amount of involvements in the extra-curricular activities and personality traits, specific to extroversion, interacts to influence the self-esteem. No doubt that it is a very interesting topic
a very interesting topic in the psychology field until now (Harter, 1998). People having unrealistic high level of self-esteem are more likely to have frustration and being aggressive, easily to lead them to have criminal behavior (Abramson, 1979).
To observe that, well-rounded development is very most for Hong Kong youngsters, they may not only focus on their studies, but also to squeeze out time to get involved into many extra-curricular activities. It comes up to the tendency involving more in volunteering and youth work presently. The relationship between basic tendencies and characteristic is adaptation precisely the distinction that we need to explain the stability of personality. In the meanwhile, with the general growth of the path on personality and individual difference, several of the educational and parenting ways are caused and influence Hong Kong students in years. Clearly, the relationship of extraversion and self-esteem are worthy for future research, focusing on the involvement on extra-curricular activity for Hong Kong youngsters. 2. Literature Review
Self-esteem is defined as an evaluation of, or an attitude toward oneself (Sedikides & Gregg, 2003, 2008; Sedikides & Strube, 1997). People who are gregarious, active, and outgoing tend to experience more pleasant emotions than those who are quiet, inactive, and introverted (Costa & McCrae, 1980). In the meanwhile, personality is the factor not only influencing one’s physical aspect. As Baker said in 2003 It also affects peoples’ psychological well-beings, the self-efficacy, locus of control and self-esteem. Indeed, youngsters who have more extracurricular activities tend to have more positive outcomes in their life, including high school graduation and development of critical life skills (Vandell, 2003). In which, extracurricular activities bring together teenagers who have similar interest. Assisting them to maintain current relationship and develop new ones (Fredricks, 2002). The positive outcome and result have been shown in supporting. At present, much research in the area can be characterized as having extraversion is positively correlated with self-esteem (Teoh, 2010). Basically, as we seen that, People with a healthy level of self-esteem are able to enjoy a great variety of activities, and also with pleasant expression (Lafrenière,2011).
Followed by the researchers who are expert of studying self-esteem have conducted different thousands of studies examining the correlation, causes, and consequences of different self –esteem level (Hart, 1995). No doubted that, many studies have shown and examined the correlation of different self-esteem level. However, the true fact is that, there are still many factors affecting self-esteem, including individual personality trait. To focus on extraversion as our main scope of research, the objective of the present research is to examine the influence to the level of self-esteem by extra-curricular activities involved and extraversion personality. Since personality characteristics are the essential for determining our quality of life (Christopher, 1975). In order to find out the correlations between the level of involvement in extra-curricular activities, and the extraversion, to self esteem among Hong Kong youngsters. We posited that the individuals’ high level of self-esteem would experience higher involvement of extra-curricular activities. Given that they are more likely to engage in the activity thoughtfully while keeping in perspective other key life domains. Basically, since teenagers who have enough involvement in extracurricular activities, they tend to develop a more well-defined sense of self as they age (Kroger, 2007).
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