Prepare a critical analysis of a quantitative study focusing on protection of human participants, data collection, data management and analysis, problem statement, and interpretation of findings. The quantitative research article can be from your previous literature review or a new peer-reviewed article. Each study analysis will be 1,000-1,250 words and submitted in one document. As with the assignments in Topics 1-3, this should connect to your identified practice problem of interest. Refer to the resource entitled “Research Critique Part 2.” Questions under each heading should be addressed as a narrative, in the structure of a formal paper. You are also required to include an Introduction and Conclusion.
*Cite at least 3 references **Article must be from 2012-2015 *** Please follow the attached guidelines Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Submit the assignment along with an electronic version of the article used for the analysis. If an electronic version is not available, submit a clean unmarked copy of the article. ANSWER:
Critical Analysis of a Quantitative Research Study
The primary purpose of this paper is to evaluate the importance of the outcome of a quantitative research study on the topic of nurse exposure to physical and nonphysical violence and to incidents of bullying and sexual harassment. This paper is meant to analyze the research procedure, the methodology of and several other factors to ascertain the effectiveness of quantitative studies in finding out, in appropriate manner, the effects of such exposures to the overall job performance of nurses. The paper will emphasize on a critical evaluation of a quantitative research study to strengthen the argument that most of the nurses on a conducted to ascertain the degree of exposure of nurses to the concerned events. In the paper the benefits and risks of participation in such quantitative studies will be evaluated and some other important features of participation will also be ascertained. It will be evaluated that whether the participants participated voluntary or not and whether informed consent was obtained from the subjects or participants or not.
The data collection methodology employed in the concerned quantitative research is also going to be critically analyzed along with the rationale that the authors provide for using the data collection method. A data management analysis will also be done in the paper which is going to include the data management and analysis methodology that has been used by the authors. Finally, the paper will evaluate the research findings and then an interpretation of the findings will be done and this interpretation will be followed by the evaluation of the implications of the findings for practice and espect of the concerned research study. The non-involvement of any human participant/subject has given no scope for some specific analysis including identification of the benefits and risks of participants, evaluation of whether informed consents were retrieved ,347 nurses from 160 samples (Spector et al. 2013).
The authors identified the articles through a database search and the authors also consulted reference lists of the review articles that were found to be suitable of inclusion (Spector et al., 2013). The three authors coded the relevant data and they categorized the data depending on the availability of at least five studies, and the authors coded the exposure rates as percentages of nurses in the collected samples who reported about a certain type of violence-exposure (Spector et al., 2013). The authors did find out five types of reported violence including physical, nonphysical, bullying, sexual harassment, and combination of several such types of violence and moreover, the authors coded the setting, timeframe, country, and source of the violence (Spector et al., 2013). The authors adhered to such data collection procedure because of the wide array of information that was possible to be gathered from such summarization of the credible literature available on the given topic.
The authors inclined towards such data collection method primarily because the collected and reviewed articles reported data obtained from a huge number of nurses which was 151,347 (Spector et al., n.d.). The more the sample’s strength the more the chances of accuracy and that might be one primary reason for the authors to indulge in such data collection procedure. Moreover, the authors carried on with such data collection procedure keeping in mind the objective of the quantitative research study – to ascertain the violence-exposure of nurses across the globe. The authors reviewed, analyzed, and summarized the articles that were on studies conducted in 38 countries and that is one reason that thors conducted the analysis separately for each type of violence and samples were then categorized for an ease in analyzing. The authors collapsed the number of source categories from five to three to usher easiness in the regional analysis of the data collected (Spector et al., 2013). The authors conducted another set of analysis on “the setting for all cases with at least 5 samples. Setting included emergency departments, general (e.g., national or statewide) samples, geriatric, hospital, and psychiatric” (Spector et al., 2013).
The authors did assure the rigor of process of analysis and this can be ascertained by learning the fact that studies on the concerned topic. The pivotal implication of the study will surely be in respect of the choice of regions in which such exposure to violence is the maximum. The information extracted from this quantitative research study can be used by future researchers in identifying the most violence prone region in respect of the healthcare sector. What the authors have suggested is that, more studies need to be conducted on regions like Asia and collected sets of data the authors have been able to determine that Asian and Middle Eastern nurses experience much higher rates of exposure to violence than nurses in the European region. And this information can be very much useful for future researchers willing to conduct research on the concerned topic.
Spector, P.E., Zhou, Z.E., & Che, X.X. (2013). Nurse exposure to physical and nonphysical violence, bullying and sexual harassment: A quantitative review. Nursing Studies, 51(1): 72-84
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