They created and nurtured them. Like children, the American colonies grew and flourished under British supervision. Like many adolescents, the colonies rebelled against their parent country by declaring independence. Each of the thirteen colonies had a charter, or written agreement between the colony and the king of England or Parliament. Charters of royal colonies provided for direct rule by the king. But governors were appointed by the king and had almost complete authority Colonial economies operated under mercantilism, a system based on the belief that colonies existed in order to increase the country’s wealth. England tried to regulate trade, and forbid colonies from trading with other European countries.
England also maintained the right to tax the colonies. Both trade and taxation were difficult for England to control, and so an informal agreement emerged. England regulated trade but allowed colonists the right to levy their own taxes. Smugglers soon exploited the English inability to guard every port by secretly trading against Parliament’s wishes. This delicate agreement was put to test by the French and Indian War. The war was expensive, and from the British point of view, colonists should help pay for it, especially considering that England believed it was protecting the colonists from French and Indian threats.
After a while the colonist did not like the rules that great Britain established so they were justified in breaking away the colonist protested because they did not want great Britain to continue to rule them the tariffs were to hight that the people could not afford it. The colonist did not have a voice against great britain policies.