We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Differences and Comparisons between the Iran and California Earthquakes Essay Sample

  • Pages: 5
  • Word count: 1,146
  • Rewriting Possibility: 99% (excellent)
  • Category: earthquakes

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

The recent Iran and California earthquakes have caused many deaths between them and have made many people aware of how serious the threat of earthquakes is to humans.

The recent Iran earthquake which hit the town of Bam situated in the south eastern part of the country has taken many casualties with it many of whom have died reports at the moment suggest that up to 30,000 people have either been injured or have died in this earthquake. With a magnitude of only 6.3 on the Richter scale the earthquake took so many lives because of a lack of shock absorbers in buildings which the services had not provided to buildings which could have damage inflicted upon them easily.

The people of the town of Bam had no knowledge of what to do in the event of an earthquake this was due to poor service from the earthquake authorities in Iran as they are well aware that Iran is a centre point for earthquake activity.

Sub standard construction were the main cause of death, as many people’s houses could not stand the stress put upon them from the earthquake many died because their houses collapsed on them. Reports suggest that many of the buildings were made of mud and weak brick these were then covered with a heavy roof. The lower part of the buildings could not cope with the weight of the heavy roof therefore collapsing.

The city of Bam was urbanised to a high extent as there had been a rapid growth in population and many people had decide on constructing there on houses. By constructing their houses by themselves people had not constructed them to a high quality and had used cheap materials again this caused the houses to collapse on them.

People were not able to get medical treatment in the aftermath of the Earthquake as the town’s two hospitals had been destroyed in the quake.

In contrast to the Bam earthquake a similar type of earthquake occurred in the same time period in California it measured 6.5 on the Richter scale and shook the coast from Los Angeles to San Francisco. It is reported that buildings swayed but did not fall only three people died in the quake.

Despite this quake being stronger than the one that took place in Iran it did not have

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
as many casualties despite the area being heavily populated. The reason for this were because the buildings had Shock absorbers on them as the authorities knew that California lies on a destructive plate boundary and therefore tectonic activity is likely to take place on it.

The people living in this area were well informed by the earthquake authorities and they knew what to do in the event of an earthquake. The government had also provided the earthquake authorities with money in order for them to protect the area as much as possible emergency services were also ready in the event of casualties.

The main difference between the two earthquakes was that the people in the city of Bam were not prepared for an earthquakes the government had not set aside provisions for earthquake authorities and therefore buildings had not been strengthened etc. Also being a developing country the government has very little money to provide to authorities such as the earthquake ones.

However the earthquake that took place in California did not take as many causalities and there was no damage to buildings this was because the authorities were prepared and knew exactly what to do they had provided the people with information on what to do when in an earthquake they had also strengthened bridges and buildings to limit the destruction in the quake. Most importantly the government had provided them with money to do this in. Without the money it is difficult to do anything.

However if the Iranian government had spent money in the first place it would have cost them less then what they have to spend after the Quake has taken place.

This table shows the differences between the two earthquakes:

California Earthquake

Iran Earthquake

6.5 on the Richter scale

6.3 on the Richter scale

3 deaths

30,000 death and casualties so far

No damage to buildings

Large amount of damage

Government provide money to deal with earthquakes

No money provided to deal with earthquakes

Authorities well equipped

Badly equipped

Emergency services ready

Emergency services are not ready

Buildings have shock absorbers

No shock absorbers poorly built

People know what to do in the event of an earthquake

People have no idea of what to do in the event of an earthquake

Plans in the event of an earthquake

No plans in the event of an earthquake

Developed world

Developing world

Lots of money

Little amount of money

There were very few similarities between the Iran and California earthquakes the only ones being they were both around the same magnitude 6.3 and 6.5. They both occurred on destructive plate boundaries. They both took casualties and they both occurred in places that had experienced earthquakes before. These were the only similarities between the two earthquakes.

Earthquakes unlike other natural disasters are difficult to predict before they occur the only real sign is small tremors before the main quake. Therefore people must always be prepared for earthquakes especially in areas where they are frequent. Buildings should be reinforced, escape routes thought out, emergency services prepared, people fully aware, authorities have full details and are able to predict as soon as possible that an earthquake is inevitable.

These are some of things that people should be aware of in the event of an earthquake. The above points should be implemented in order to make an area as safe as possible from an earthquake.

We can write a custom essay on

Differences and Comparisons between the Iran and C ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Kobe Earthquake, Japan

Japan is positioned on the margin of the Eurasian Plate. Where these plates meet it is known as a subduction zone, where effectively one plate slides under the other. Along these subduction zones there are both deep and shallow earthquakes that occur due to the compressive forces against the meeting of the plates. Kobe lies in a region where the Philippine Sea Plate is thrust under the Eurasian Plate (See picture below) At Osaka Bay there is a fault called the Median Tectonic Line (MTL), and it was sudden movement along this fault that triggered the earthquake that hit Kobe. The earthquake happened early morning 5:45am JST January 17 1995, the epicentre was at Akachi. It was 7.2 on the Richter scale; this earthquake was a national catastrophe. Kobe has 1.5 million residents and is the worlds 6th largest city and port. Impacts of the Earthquake : Surface Fault Rupture:...

Volcanoes are More Dangerous Hazards than Earthquakes...

Both volcanoes and earthquakes are caused by the movement of magma beneath the earths crust. The crust can be between six and seventy kilometres thick, this can be symbolised by the skin of an apple. The crust is both on land and under sea's, however the composition of the crust changes. Oceanic crust is denser and usually composes of silicon and magnesium; where as continental crust is lighter and usually composes of silicon and aluminium. Beneath the Mohorovicic discontinuity the convection currents of the liquid mantle control the movement of the tectonic plates, causing both volcanoes and earthquakes. The convection currents vary in size and can be anywhere in between 800 and 1200 miles across. These convection currents move the huge tectonic plates, the boundary's of these plates are called fault lines and are the areas in which both volcanoes and earthquakes occur. Both hazards have many implications on both...

The Factors that Affect the Impact of...

There are various different factors that affect the impact that an earthquake has, not only on humans but the environment. Earthquakes are fundamentally caused by friction between lithospheric plates moving in different directions either constructively or destructively. Therefore, the major earthquakes occur at the boundaries of the lithospheric plates. Examples of these are Kobe quake in Japan on 17th January 1995 and Loma Prieta quake in San Francisco on October 17th 1989. (Seismologists have discovered both as being on plate boundaries.) It is therefore obvious that an enormous factor that affects the impact of an earthquake is its proximity to a plate boundary. The larger earthquakes occur at plate boundaries and can have dramatic effect but are some what expected. Japan is noted to have 4 earthquakes a day! However, minor earthquakes can occur on smaller fault lines on the major plates. An example of such an earthquake was Richter...

Popular Essays


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?