Different learning style Essay Sample
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Different learning style Essay Sample
VARK is an acronym used to refer to different learning styles that a student can use when obtaining information. VARK stands for Visual, Aural, Read/Write and Kinesthetic modalities used for obtaining information. These models emphasize the best strategy a learner can use depending on the sensory modality. VARK is brief and helps a learner use less time. Learning strategies can be described as any form of routine, operation, plan or step used by a learner to obtain, retrieve and use information. The commonly used learning strategy is VARK.
It was developed in the year one thousand nine hundred and eighty-seven by Fleming (Wilson, 2011). Understanding ones preferred learning style will help in building an effective studying strategy, focus, collect and absorb complex information as well improve learning capabilities. Different students will posses different learning styles. Some learners may have more than one study approach while it comes to studying and interaction, a multimodal technique maybe used to determine the most distinct approach.
VARK questionnaire is an important tool that helps the learner understand their preferred style of learning, and it also allows the teacher to adopt an effective way of passing information. My Preferred Learning Strategy Upon taking VARK analysis, My score was Visual 0,Aural 6,Read/Write 2,Kinesthetic 8. I realized Kinesthetic is my preferred style of learning. Kinesthetic style involves developing knowledge and expertise in your area of learning (Gilakjani, 2012).
Rather than listening to the teacher or making an observation of a demonstration class, kinesthetic students opt to do the demonstration themselves as a way of gaining knowledge. These learners learn and focus either using their hands or body. This makes retaining, and remembrance of information of easier as the learner is physically engaged in the learning process. Sitting in a class listening to what the lecturer is passing without engaging your body may be tiring, and this may lead to loose of focus.
The following are strategies that kinesthetic learners use for effective learning; typing notes after the lecture to engage your mind and evaluate yourself if you can remember what was discussed, they sit in the front row so that they can pick all the verbal and non-verbal communication techniques, make some movements while studying as well as reading their notes out loud. Kinesthetic learners visit different locations to search for study references such as museums, historical sites, and libraries; they as well highlight the key words while studying and ask a lot of questions in class to clarify on issues they have not understood.
Comparing the Different Learning Strategies The other learning styles are read/write, visual and audio. A visual learner needs to see the learning materials to digest and understand the conveyed information. Some visual representations include charts, diagrams, PowerPoint presentations and maps (Hatami, 2013). Taking the VARK questionnaire, it showed a high score in visual learning as it was seen it is easier to retain information that you have seen.
Visual learners use the following tips during their study; they create flowcharts and diagrams for the continuation of their notes and thoughts, they make flashcards as visual clues, when trying to remember math’s equation they create charts or boxes that aid in the calculation, they set timelines on when to tackle a certain task and use mnemonics to understand different vocabularies. For aural learners, they understand best using face to face conversations, phone calls conversations, speeches, group discussions, and lectures.
They do not need to see who is conveying the information all they need is to listen and grasp it. Aural learners are said to have a high level of concentration. Aural learners use the following learning tips. First they use different metaphors to compare and remember, use internet as a reference material especially watching and listening to the tutorials, work in groups to discuss and evaluate what one already understands, they tape lectures this been essential as they listen to the tapes latter noting down the important points and they always have a way through hard equations..
Aural learners have study patterns; they create songs to aid in remembering or memorizing some key points. They invent acronyms and use mnemonic devices. When visual learning and audio learning is paired together, it gives good results as the learner is combining both the act of listening and hearing and this enables him to capture everything (Hatami, 2013). The last style is read/write. This involves reading the content and then putting it down in writing. When this style was rated using VARK questionnaire, it was found to have a low score.
This is because most people are unable to write down what they have read at the moment. They need more visiting of the content to be able to put it down onto writing. People who benefit from this style are the students who love reading different books and journals and then trying to put it down. These are the same people who love writing their thoughts down. The learner will always be ahead of the teacher because he can be able to read understand and put down the main points.
The read and write learners use the following skills; they rewrite class notes, always write down important key points, use highlighters to show key points or shade with colored pens, they compose their explanations in the form of diagrams and charts and their also compare their notes with their classmates. How Awareness of Different Learning Styles Influence Teaching The understanding of every student learning strategies, preferences and learning styles affects teaching by making the tutor more effective.
When a teacher familiarizes himself with the different learning styles, it becomes easier when teaching because he will know which approach to use while conveying the intended information (Wilson, 2011). If a lecturer comes to class and just dictate the notes, some students who have poor read and write skills will have a problem when it comes to understanding the material. Secondly understanding all the learning techniques make learning fun and interesting as it gives direction and purpose. Retrieval of information because easy and less time consuming since the learning materials are well organized in your memory.
Third, a learner understands his or her weakness. If a learner finds out that what is taught in the class is not enough to understand everything he will go for the other learning style that will help him understand the concept well. This can be read and write trying to write down when he remembers or drawing flowcharts to demonstrate the concept that was illustrated (Hatami, 2013). Encompassed strategies enable the student to utilize his full potential as well as appreciate the learning skill.
The student can identify the possible barrier that comes with using the wrong learning style such as time wastage as well as correct those mistakes in time. Once a learner has taken the VARK questionnaire, the learner will better understand his letter style better. The learner will either be kinesthetic, audio, read/write or visual. For example, a student may find out he understands best if he reads notes out loud or while walking and making different movements this makes the learner kinesthetic that is understands better when motion is involved.
Gilakjani, A. (2012). Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic Learning Styles and Their Impacts on English Language Teaching. Journal of Studies in Education, 2(1): 104-111. Hatami, S. (2013). Learning Styles. ELT Journal, 67 (4): 488-490. Wilson, M. (2011). Students’ learning style preferences and teachers ‘instructional strategies: Correlations between matched styles and academic achievement. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons. liberty. edu/cgi/viewcontent. cgi? article=1504&context=doctoralMcCloskey, D. I. (1978). Kinesthetic sensibility. Physiological reviews, 58(4), 763-820.