Discrimination: Racial Segregation and Religious Group Essay Sample
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Discrimination: Racial Segregation and Religious Group Essay Sample
How does your selected religious group differ from other religious groups (such as in their beliefs, worship practices, or values)? One of the beliefs of Buddhism is referred to as reincarnation, which is a concept that people are reborn after dying. A practicing Buddhist differentiates between the concepts of rebirth and reincarnation. In reincarnation, the individual may occur repeatedly. In rebirth, the person does not necessarily return to Earth as the same entity ever again. Nirvana is a state of liberation and freedom from suffering. Three methods of Training or Practices:
Sila – principle of equality. Samadhi – concentration and meditation. Prajna – insight, wisdom, and enlightenment.
* What has been the experience of your selected religious group with others that do not share its beliefs or practices? Buddhism just like any other religion has been discriminated against. An example of this is when a Buddhist group tried to have a Tai Zen Center built in a town in California. The community protested this, the project was banned, and an even larger Catholic Church was approved. They denied the center because they said it would attract tourists and clog the streets. The center moved to a near by city and sued the town. * In what ways has the religious group you selected contributed to American culture? To contribute means to give, What Buddhism has given to the world and specifically the United States is Art and Architecture. Along with this came language, literature, music and dance. Most of this legacy is visible in its homeland of India and much of the Eastern world. Buddhists meditate to relax themselves which has become popular in the United States, things such as yoga also.
* Provide specific examples of prejudice or discrimination your selected religious group has experienced. Buddhist nuns are actually discriminated against by their own kind. Buddhist nuns must follow 100 more laws then male monks. They must wear additional clothing and complete an extra 2 year training period in order to be ordained. Buddhist nuns are now facing controversy as their numbers have plummeted over recent decades, some have outlawed them completely. Some of the Buddhist nuns have banned together to find strength in numbers. Although the extent and duration of gender discrimination among religious leaders is unknown, types of meetings among women to discuss the issue an important first step toward resolution.
* What were the sources of this prejudice or discrimination? The source of this discrimination stems from many cultures and that men feel that women are useless or inferior to them. In a lot of cultures, men run the show, tell the women what to do and when to do it or even what to wear. The men think that they are wiser and stronger than woman. They see them as baby makers and housewives, nothing more.
* Does what you’ve learned about this religious group help you understand it? In what ways? I believe it does, I knew a little bit about the culture but I’ve never done any research on it. I think their culture and beliefs are so interesting. When I was in Hawaii a few years back, I was able to visit a Buddhist Temple. It was an amazing experience, they require you to take your shoes and socks off and dip them in a purity pool before you enter the temple. Their place of worship is so different from anything I’ve ever seen.
* How does your selected racial/ethnic group differ from other racial/ethnic groups (such as differences in ancestry, language, or culture)? African Americans use dance as an essential role in the culture of the tribes. They use it for much more than just entertainment such as communicating emotions, rights of passage, and to help strengthen the bond between members of the tribe. Another important part of African American culture is their food. The y first arrived in Jamestown, VA, as slaves they became farmers, cattle raisers, and fisherman. They were also introduced to a lot of crops such as okra and black eyed peas. Slaves created their own meals that were left over from their masters. In the 1960’s Southern Style cooking was renamed “Soul Food,” in honor of black cooks who prepared food during the slavery era. African American hairstyles have been used to convey messages to greater society.
As early as the 15th century different styles could indicate a person’s marital status, age, or religion. A woman with long thick hair demonstrated power, and prosperity. They braid their hair to send messages to the gods. The hair is the most elevated part of the body and was considered a portal for spirits to pass through to the soul. * What has been your selected group’s experience with other groups? The experience African Americans have had with other groups especially white people is more than likely negative. After everything in history that has happened, I don’t blame them. The segregated schools, transportation, and name calling. However, they have experienced discrimination with other races as well. I’m glad times have changed, America is a free country for everyone not just for some. Everyone deserves the same rights.
* Identify a specific example of prejudice or discrimination that your selected group has experienced historically. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, throughout his childhood years he attended segregated public schools in Georgia. After graduating high school, he attended Boston University where he received his doctorate. In 1954 he became a Pastor of a Baptist church in Alabama and became an active member of the civil rights committee. In 1957 he was elected President of the Southern Christian leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the civil rights movement. He traveled over 6 million miles and spoke over 2,500 times, speaking wherever there was injustice, protest, and action. On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on a balcony of his motel room in Memphis, TN, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated. He made a very powerful speech and everyone knows the infamous line he stated on August 28, 1963: “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” * In what ways has the racial/ethnic group you selected contributed to American culture?
December 1, 1955 – Rosa Parks, an African American seamstress boarded a Montgomery City Bus to go home from work. She boarded the bus and sat in the middle of the bus after the 10 rows that were reserved for whites only. After a short period of time the bus was full, at the next stop a white man entered the bus, the bus driver instructed someone sitting in the 11th row to give up their seat for him. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat and was arrested. The civil rights activists initiated a boycott of the city buses. Since African Americans made up about 75% of the riders, which was a serious economic threat to the company. Because of heroic acts like this one, schools and public transportation are no longer segregated. Sometimes, you need to stand up for what you believe in and what you believe is right.
* What were the sources of this prejudice or discrimination? The source of this discrimination is that they were both black and back then schools and public places were segregated. These two people stood up for themselves and those of color. They believe that everyone should be treated equally regardless of skin color. This stems back to 1910 when the ‘Jim Crow’ segregation laws came to be. A political move that emerged in the Southern states, many of the white voters in the south were farmers and were opposed to the black man voting for racial reasons. To discourage black voting, Southern Democrats resorted to violence.
Blacks were killed by the KKK for attempting to vote, for being members of the political organizations, and for attending school. By the end of 1949, only 15 states had no segregation laws in effect. In 1954 the United States Supreme Court decision Brown vs. Board of Education, which was the end of segregated schools. * Does what you’ve learned about this racial/ethnic group help you understand it? How? Absolutely, I couldn’t even imagine growing up during that time and having to go through that. Nobody wants to be treated differently because of the color of their skin. This is America, I thought we were free? Being told where to sit on a bus and being told you can’t go to a certain school is not freedom. I commend them for standing up for their beliefs, I don’t know if I would have the guts to do so.
* How are the prejudice and discrimination experienced by your selected religious group and racial/ethnic group similar? I think the prejudice and discrimination experienced by African Americans and Buddhist are similar because they both had to over come many things with their culture. Both had issues with other groups discriminating against them. No matter what your religion or ethnic background there will always be discrimination and there always has been. Unfortunately I think it will only get worse from here. It has gotten better in some aspects but it still exists. * How are they different?
I think the difference between the prejudice and discrimination between Buddhist and African Americans is that the African Americans had it worse. Yes, Buddhist were discriminated against but not to the extent as African Americans. They couldn’t sit in a certain seat on the public bus and had to go to different schools. I think part of the reason why Buddhist aren’t discriminated against as much as because people are unaware of this religion. We have a much higher population of African Americans in the U.S. than Buddhist. I was even unaware of a lot of their culture until I did research on it.
* Can you draw any conclusions about discrimination from this comparison? Conclusions that I can draw from the comparison of conclusions about discrimination are that it seems that groups are more discriminated against who are in the public eye. When watching the news you see more stories about African Americans than Buddhist. I think part of the reason is because the Buddhism religion is geared towards meditation and calming measures, so they seem to be less violent.