We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Down Syndrome Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Down Syndrome Essay Sample

            Genetic factors are the sole cause of some non-infectious diseases; such genetic diseases are inherited or are caused by mistakes during cell division when gametes are formed (Alters, 2005). Down syndrome is caused by errors during the gamete formation.

            Superimposed upon his individual characteristics, each child and adult with Down syndrome has features that he shares with others who have Down syndrome (Selikowitz, 1997). Down syndrome comes about when there is an extra number 21 chromosome, this additional chromosome, because of the gene it contains, causes an excessive amount of certain proteins to be formed in the cell which in return disturbs normal growth in the body of the fetus (Selikowitz, 1997). ‘Chromosome 21’ is the tinniest of the all the human-chromosomes and have about 225 genes. According to statistics, 95% of children with Down syndrome have ‘trisonomy 21’ or an additional chromosome in all their cells, 3-4% have translocation-form of the additional chromosome where the extra-chromosome 21 is connected to one of the different chromosome-pair and around 1-2% of children have mosaic form in which only some cells are trisonomic while the others are normal.

             According to Selikowitz, as the fetus develops, the cells of the body do not divide as rapidly as they normally do, and this result in fewer body cells, and, therefore a smaller baby. The baby, having fewer brain cells and a different brain formation, will learn slowly.

            A strong argument for the genetic formulation of Alzheimer’s disease stems from its connection with Down syndrome. An extra chromosome 21 exist in persons with Down syndrome; not only do people with Down syndrome begin to develop symptoms of dementia after the age 35, but also the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease is higher in families with Down syndrome, and vice versa (Eliopoulos, 2004). An altered chromosome 21 causes an abnormal amyloid to be produced.

References

Alters. S. (2005). Essential Concepts for Healthy Living. New York: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Eliopoulos, C. (2004). Gerontology Nursing. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Selikowitz, M  (1997). Down Syndrome: The Facts. New York: Ovford University Press.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Record keeping at Greyfriers Nursing Home

What is Data Protection Act? Data Protection Act applies to all health, social care and early years settings. It is a United Kingdom Act of Parliament which explains UK law on the handling of data on perceptible living people. This legislation covers how to deal with private information although the Act itself does not discuss secrecy. This kind of information can only be accessed by...

Non-Profit Capitalism

1. Executive Summary This report defines, examines and promotes a non-profit capitalistic business model. The model endorses enterprises which compete in the free market, but eschews profits in favor of social benefits. This entails an increased workforce with benefits and wages on par with current standards. This increased employee pool works under a staggered shift structure so that each employee only works a 3-day (24...

Provide Support for Sleep

1.1 How does sleep contributes to an individual’s wellbeing? Sleep is important for our health and well-being. Extensive research has been done on the effects of sleep. These studies consistently show that sleep plays a vital role in promoting physical health, longevity, and emotional well-being. This explains why, after a good night's sleep, we feel better, our thoughts are clearer, and our emotions are less...

Aging and Adulthood

Since the 1900’s, life expectancy has increased by an average of 30 years, today the average women will live to be 80.7 years old and the average man will live to be 75.4 years old. At the age of 75 years old, 61 percent of the people are females and by the age of 85, 70 percent are females. Many men die from these leading...

Cognitive Resilience in Adulthood

ABSTRACT A resilience framework for understanding cognitive aging implies a search for factors that buffer against existing risk, enabling one to thrive in what might otherwise be adverse circumstances. The cascade of biological processes associated with senescence and a cultural context that does not take into account this biological imperative each create risk for cognitive decline in later adulthood. We propose that (a) engagement, a...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access
immediately?

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Couldn't Find What You Looking For?

Get access to our huge knowledge base which is continuously updated

Next Update Will Be About:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member