So can we blame teen’s brains for some of their behaviours? Teenage life is a difficult stage where the youth, out of curiosity, tends to test their limits to seek new sorts of experiences. The most common things they wish to experience is teen sex, consumption of drugs and alcohol. But before trying to understand why is drug abuse such an appealing source among the youth, it is important to know what is substance abuse itself. “Substance Abuse” , also commonly known as “Drug Abuse”, is a patterned use of a substance such as -drugs, in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals. It refers to the harmful use of psychoactive substances including alcohol and illicit drugs. People who are stressed are usually more receptive to drugs. The cause could also be genetic; if a pregnant lady is consuming a lot of drugs, her offspring would develop this habit and get addicted by birth. Externally, if some member in the family is taking drugs or is alcoholic, one might get influenced. The root cause of why it is more prevalent in teenagers is curiosity and media. Media has a major influence.
Due to the change in school of thoughts and more liberty to express our ideas, media has showed us the in-depth details of crime and substance abuse. Many movies, shows and programmes portray young teenagers consuming drugs and the joy they are getting out of it. In addition,peer pressure also creates an imprint in the person’s mind and influences him/her to try it in any way. It is a strong factor as it is influencing the victim directly. In order to remain a member of the friend circle or group, the victim, unwillingly, starts consuming drugs and alcohol. Drugs have a major impact upon the consumer. People who take drugs face many difficulties physically as well as mentally. The drugs highly consumed are cocaine, marijuana and morphine. People suffer from fatigue,anxiety,depression severe cases of flashbacks and acute addiction for consuming more and more amounts of substances.
Sudden withdrawal of drugs may result in vomiting, muscle cramps, convulsions and delirium and the sharing of hypodermic needles shoots up the risk of contracting AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. Drugs not only impact the consumer, but it’s surrounding members face consequences as well. Since the members are so addicted to drugs, there develops a pattern of codependency. The consequences turn out to be careless too , out of fear. The family members start to deny that there is a problem, or helplessly keep supplying money to that person for consuming more drugs. Pregnant ladies who consume drugs on a large scale give birth to babies who weigh less than average babies and may also develop an inborn addiction to consume drugs. It becomes genetic. Drug abuse adversely impacts society as well. People suffer in their workplace, performance level goes down and experience inefficiency. Such instances of drug abuse and alcohol consumption is more prevalent in teenagers. Some common signs of teens abusing drugs are- problems at schools, poor grades, mood swings, loss of interest in favourite activities, depression or stress, missing money or lack of resources, frustration and breaking laws or curfews-such as stealing, murder and so on.
People who consume drugs are mostly violent later in life, and their nature causes problems to neighbourhoods. Their actions become threats to the society as well as themselves which results in crime. This then leads to “Juvenile Delinquency”- tendency to engage in criminal actions and drug abuse at an early age. It is kind of an abnormality and crime rates occur at a lower age group, usually adolescents. Teenagers experiment more with these substances mostly out of curiosity. They are very curious about tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. Although, for many years they learn in schools and homes that drugs are dangerous and harmful,some children will still try illicit drugs to satisfy their curiosity. Also, the youth are courageous and may have high-risk behaviours as they feel nothing bad will ever happen to them. In most cases, some children develop unhealthy ways to deal with their problems and stress, and they use illicit drugs,alcohol and tobacco to ease their problems. Children need to learn how to deal with stress positively, how to make healthy decisions and relax. It is important for children to have someone to talk to about their problems, express their concerns and feelings.
It is essential for parents to spend quality time with their children and listen to their concerns and problems without being judgemental. Also, teenagers consume drugs to feel grown up. To them, grownup means FREEDOM and the right to make his/her own decisions without anybody’s consent or approval. It means to be able to do what they want to do. Parents can help children understand and accept the difference between what is appropriate and legal for adults and what is suitable for children. The most important and natural part of growing up is to fit in and belong to a group. It is natural that teenagers want others to like them.
Sometimes the group they want to join is using drugs and tobacco and a teen may turn to these drugs and other harmful substances just to fit in and belong. Parents need to help their children deal with peer pressure and be aware of their child’s social life. In other words, drug abuse rates are at the highest peak and teenager’s curiosity and mindset cannot be controlled,but guided properly throughout. Moreover, the primary caregivers-parents, need to have a healthy bonding with their children, especially adolescents and help them cope up with various external pressures systematically and lovingly.