Dymanics of Personal Motivation Essay Sample
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Dymanics of Personal Motivation Essay Sample
Motivation is derived from the word, “motive” which denotes the inner power that energizes and activates the person to act in order to reach the goals they want to attain. Motivation is also the reason of an action or behavior of a person (Guay et al. , 2010, p. 712). It is a characteristics that directs you if you’re going to do something or not (Paraphrasing Gredler, Broussard and Garrison (2004), p. 106). It is something that gives direction to a person to accomplish their certain task or work (Denhardt et al. 2008).
Motivation and inspiration is synonymously defined in the dictionary of Meriam Webster. Other terms for motivation is “drive”, “needs” or “desire”. On the other hand, It is a perception of a person that drives them to satisfy their needs. Motives of a person can originate either from physiological or environmental influences. Motivation can be influence. In psychology, motivation can be defined as extrinsically or intrinsically motivated. Extrinsic motivation is about performing a certain task because of external factors or rewards they could get after the performance.
It is concerned most in outcomes that they might achieve after doing an action. Intrinsic motivation is about performing a certain task because of inner factors like enjoyment, happiness, curiosity, or something that motivates them within self. It is not an outcome –based, it is based on the learning’s they might get after the action. When a person motivates to do something that avoid them from punishment, it is extrinsically motivated, but when a person perceives that it doesn’t matter about the punishments, it matters about enjoyment and learning, it is intrinsically motivated.
Hilgard (1990) categorized the motivation as: (i) survival motives, (i) social motives, and (iii) ego-integrative motives. Physiological or survival motives are those normal body needs like water, air, food, shelter, sleep, rest, security and anything that normal body needs. The person is motivated because of those matters. They are motivated in order to satisfy their physical needs. In psychological or social motives, it is arises as a result of social interaction with different kinds of people. This motive consists of affection, security, sex urge, need for affiliation, dependency and social approval.
It is concern in social dominance. The person is motivated in order to get the favour of others. The third one is ego-interactive motives or personal motives. It about a personal motives that needs to satisfy. These are a motivation that builds up the word “self”. In this motivation it includes the recognitions, achievements, and independence. In the theory of Hierarchy of needs, Maslow (1954) categorized the needs of a person such as physiological needs, safety and security, belongingness and love needs, esteem and prestige needs, cognitive needs, aesthetic needs and self-actualization needs.
Those things mostly motivated the person to act in a way to satisfy and fulfil their needs. The Human Resources Management (2010) defined motivation as “It is a psychological force that determines the person’s level of effort, as well as persistence to motivate them in order to overcome the obstacles. ” The definition states about how the person goes through and persist some obstacles they might encounter in order to get the success they want to attain or achieve.
The attainment or achievement of a person is depends on how they get motivated to perform their certain task or not performing it. What we do is what we get Denhardt et al. (2008). Personal Motivation As Hilgard (1990) classified the motivation, it is about ego-integrative motive or personal motives. It is how motivated the person by self-needs. It seeks with self-respect, self-esteem and other self-matters that motivates the person to achieve and complete the goals they want to attain. This kind of motivation cares about intrinsic motivation.
The person in this view is motivated because of the self-improvement and achievement for themselves, it is not because for the rewards that they might get after completing the task or program. In personal motivation, there are drives that a person is reasonably motivated by self. These derives are (i) recognition, (ii) power drive, (iii) achievement drive, (iv) autonomy and (v) defensiveness drive. In recognition, somehow, people are getting motivated when they feel or seen thing that may proof that they are ahead.
They work hard to get some proof of success, they work hard to get recognize and they work hard to get appreciation. The drive of prestige and the drive of status are part of recognition. The drive of prestige is when they get feel better when they get ahead to the one who compares to them. For example, someone wants to take medicine course because someday they will feel that they will become rich with beautiful house, a lot of cars, own hospital and something that could be tangible. They will feel that they will get ahead to the lives of others.
It is more than comparison. The drive of status refers to get a high rank in society. It is motivated because of positions. For example, the election is near to come, and someone is wanted to be voted on it. That person is motivated to be voted because that person wants to be a mayor, to have a position in the society. In power drive, it is motivated by being “dominant”. Their desire is to control and influence others. They become dominant in a way that all the decisions are in their hands. This drive thinks that others will not good enough without them.
The power is in their hands. In achievement drive, this drive is greatly motivated to achieve something in order to have feeling of having done something worthwhile or important. They are getting motivated because of achievement, because of results that they may attain after work hard. In autonomy, this drive is more on “independence”. This drive is motivated by power to resist the influence of others. The person that having is drive is motivated in a way of proving something to others. They want to prove to others that they can achieve something without their help.
For example, some people experience downgrading from their parents, their parents does not believe that they can achieve something. Through this, those people are motivated to achieve something because of proving to their parents that they can achieve anything. Last drive is defensiveness drive. This person is motivated because they defend themselves from criticism, blame, and censure. They do work hard because they don’t want to be criticised by others. They are merely a perfectionist person because of having this kind of reason to get motivated.