We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Economic Significance of Tourism Essay Sample

  • Pages: 5
  • Word count: 1,101
  • Rewriting Possibility: 99% (excellent)
  • Category: tourism

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

Today, tourism is one of the largest and dynamically developing sectors of external economic activities. Its high growth and development rates, considerable volumes of foreign currency inflows, infrastructure development, and introduction of new management and educational experience actively affect various sectors of economy, which positively contribute to the social and economic development of the country as a whole.

According to recent statistics, tourism provides about 10% of the world’s income and employs almost one tenth of the world’s workforce. All considered, tourism’s actual and potential economic impact is astounding. Many people emphasize the positive aspects of tourism as a source of foreign exchange, a way to balance foreign trade. But there are also a number of other positive and negative sides of tourism’s economic boom for local communities.

Tourism is an activity done by an individual or a group of individuals, which leads to a motion from a place to another. From a country to another for performing a specific task or it is a visit to a place or several places in the purpose of entertaining which leads to an awareness of other civilizations and cultures, also increasing the knowledge of countries, cultures, and history. Tourism has a direct impact on the national revenue for all touristic countries, it creates work opportunities, industries, and several investments to serve and raise nations performance and cultures, also distributes their history, civilization, and traditions. ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF TOURISM

Economic impacts are mainly considered to be beneficial. These are: * the generation of foreign exchange,
* the creation of new job and employment opportunities,
* the stimulation of trade, income and entrepreneurship – especially in the service and small business sectors, * the provision of new infrastructure which is available for non-tourism uses, * increased regional development – particularly in isolated areas, * greater tax revenues permitting greater government spending – or reduced taxes on other activities, and * The operation of what is called the multiplier effect.

1) Price and Income Elasticity
Leisure tourism is considered to be price and income elastic and therefore very responsive to economic conditions in both host and traveller-generating countries (eg USA & Japan). Price decreases and increases in destination countries (eg Thailand & Malaysia) are likely to, respectively, encourage or discourage some tourists from the traveller-generating cou

ntries (who would otherwise have visited) from coming. Similarly, income rises and income falls will

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
have a parallel effect, respectively encouraging or discouraging overseas visiting by citizens of the traveller-generating nations. 2) The Economic Impacts of Tourists Spending

The economic effects of visitor’s presence at destinations arise from the fact that travellers and tourists spend their money on a wide variety of goods and services. This expenditure can be seen as an injection of financial resources into the host economy, thereby creating new levels of consumer demand. 3) Foreign Exchange

Foreign tourists change their foreign currency into the local currency to pay for their tourism experience. As a result, the host country now has more foreign currency to spend on its own needs, such as providing better medical and educational facilities, and/or stimulating general economic development etc. At the same time, in balance of payments terms, tourism expenditure is viewed as being equivalent to export income for traveller-receiving countries, eg Thailand and Indonesia. Conversely, tourism expenditure amounts to an import cost for visitor-generating countries. 4) Employment

Tourism creates employment. These jobs are available primarily in accommodation sectors (eg. hotels), with travel intermediaries (travel agents, tour operators) supplying services, restaurants, shops selling discretionary goods and travel enterprises. The tourist industry is a highly labour-intensive service industry and hence is a valuable source of an employment. 5) Tourism income multiplier (TIM)

The expansion of a country’s money supply that results from banks being able to lend. The size of the multiplier effect depends on the percentage of deposits that banks are required to hold as reserves. In other words, it is money used to create more money and is calculated by dividing total bank deposits by the reserve requirement. 6) Regional development

The under developed regions of the country can greatly benefit from tourism development. Many of the economically backward regions contain areas of high scenic beauty and of cultural attractions. These areas, if develop for use by tourist, can bring a lot of prosperity to the local people. Tourist expenditure at a particular tourist area greatly helps in development of the areas around it.

7) Cultural resources

The first appearance of tourism in the world had cultural motivation, and tourism has always stood has a unique vehicle for the cultural propagation that is necessary to a deeper understanding of people. Tourism stands for the possibility of communication between differing civilizations. Even today we can witness large masses of people travelling to foreign countries to become acquainted with the usages and customs, to visit the museums and to admire the effects of art.

8) International understanding

Tourism can be a vehicle for international understanding by way of bringing diverse people face to face. Tourism has been a prime means of developing social and cultural understanding among all people of the world. People belonging to different countries, practicing different lifestyles and speaking different languages come together to make friends.


Tourism does not only an economic activity of importance in as much as it earns the country the foreign exchange. It is an important medium of social and cultural development and also of promoting lasting goodwill and friendship among the nations of the world. It also helps in the regional development of the country and an act has a means of social education and better understanding among the people in different regions of the country. In the long run, the most important contribution of tourism is developing understanding among varied cultures and lifestyles.


Bhatia A K (2002), Tourism Development-Principles and Practices, 2nd Edition, Sterling publisher’s pvt ltd, New Delhi, page no: 65- 79. www.zenithresearch.org.in/images/stories/pdf/2012/Jan/ZIJMR/24%20S%20VIJAY%20ANAND%20tourism.pdf www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0035420 www.journal.au.edu/abac_journal/may99/article3_f.html

We can write a custom essay on

Economic Significance of Tourism Essay Sample ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Potentials of tourism

Eastern Africa is a leading tourist destination in Sub Saharan Africa. The potential of the tourism industry in the region can be attributed to its endowment of natural resources, which have contributed significantly to the economic growth and development of countries such as Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Seychelles and more recently Rwanda (Atsbeha, 2015). Ethiopia was one of the African countries to establish a tourist industry in the 1960s. Tourism became part and parcel of a national economic sector in 1966 when the first Tourism Development Master Plan was developed. During the imperial period, a good investment was made in this sector. The establishment of Ethiopian Airlines for international and domestic air access, opening of airfields and hotels at key tourist attraction sites and establishment of national tour operators were good cases in point (Atsbeha, 2015). Literature shows that Ethiopia ranks 14th among African countries in terms of tourism...

What is Customer Service in Leisure and...

According to Colins leisure and tourism customer service involves all contact the customer as well as products and services the organisation offers. More simply it is putting the customer first and seeing the problem from their point of view. This can range from direct, face to face contact, to talking over a telephone or even replying to letters .Bad customer service can lead to a customer not wishing to use the service or buy the product again. Customer services can be a difficult job as many customers can be awkward or angry; being approached by and unpleasant or angry customer could tempt you to respond badly. Types of Customer. The Leisure and Tourism industries offer a very wide range of products and services. These each appeal to a different type of customer. In each part of the industry you will find many varieties of customer needs. * Individuals. These are...

The Effects of Human Activity on the...

Aqaba is a major settlement along Jordan’s coastline. Despite its expanding industrial and commercial sectors, most of Aqaba’s population is employed in the tourist industry. Thousands of tourists from all over the world come to Aqaba every year, attracted by its coral reef ecosystems and its multicoloured fish. Aqaba has 100 species of coral and 1000 species of fish, crustaceans and molluscs. Unfortunately, this aquatic environment is heavily affected by human activities. During the last twenty years, Aqaba’s port activities have intensified due to Jordan’s economic growth. The port’s havoc is believed to have caused fish migration to other parts of the Red Sea. Boats and ships disturb fish with noise and vibrations, making them move to another habitat. This is causing a decrease in biodiversity in Aqaba. On top of this, boat anchors fracture the coral and tear away sections of the seabed. Deep anchoring is illegal, however, it...

Popular Essays


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?