Effects of Prescription Drugs & over the Counter Drugs Essay Sample

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A. Background of the Study
A prescription drug is a medication that can be purchased or given out only with written instructions from a licensed healthcare provider, such as a doctor, dentist, nurse practitioner or physician’s assistant, to a pharmacist. These written instructions are known as a prescription. However, prescription drugs can also cause bad effects by abusing it; for example, by taking a friend’s or relative’s prescription to get high, to treat pain, or because you think it will help with studying. In fact, prescription drug abuse is the fastest-growing drug problem in the United States. In New Hampshire, 20% of teens have abused prescription drugs. And over the last ten years prescription drug abuse in New Hampshire has risen 200%. According to the NH Chief Medical Examiner’s Office, in 2009 more NH citizens died from drug overdoses (164) than car accidents (110). On the other hand, over the counter drugs are medicines that may be sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional. It is also the products that are available at supermarkets, drugstores and convenience stores.

There is an incorrect but widespread belief that because you don’t need a prescription, these drugs must be much less dangerous than those found behind the pharmacy counter. Like prescription drugs, over the counter drugs can also be abused, the best example of this are the drugs include those that contain the ingredient DXM (dextromethorphan), which is used to treat cough, cold and flu symptoms. Also, OTC medications believed to help with weight loss—like laxatives, diuretics and diet pills-are often abused. All of these medications can have serious and potentially fatal side effects over time. The bottom line is since they’re legal and easy to find, OTC drugs are also easy to abuse. Like any medicine, they can have their benefits when taken as directed and in moderation. But there’s always the danger of taking too much, mixing them with other drugs and even overdosing. They can damage your body for life, and even cause death. B. Statement of the Problem

1. What are some common types of over the counter drugs (OTC)
2. What are some health risks associated with the over the counter drugs?
3. In what ways prescription and over the counter drugs may be abused?
4. How do prescription and OTC drugs affect the brain?
5. Why self-care increasingly popular among health care consumes?

C. Significance of the Study
Law makers – to create medicine bill that will be strictly followed and implemented to safeguard the health of the consumers Patients – the information gathered gathering this study will help then to protect and safeguard their kids’ health regarding the abuse of over the counter medicine. Future pharmacist – enables them to be strict in handling prescription from the consumers and be able to give them information about the drugs. D. Scope and Limitation

The study’s main concern is how it affects the patients in terms of treating such disease or it may cause illness. The main goal of the study is to inform people in choosing which drug to buy or what is safer to use. It will guarantee satisfaction and promotes safe and effective drugs. It will educate people in the difference between OTC drugs and prescription drugs and to determine from which of the two is better in terms of medication.

E. Materials and methods
The main objective is to document all the specialized materials and the procedures so that the other individuals may use it as a guideline in their studies. F. Definition of terms

Abused drugs. Is the habitual use of drugs to alter one’s mood, emotion, or state of consciousness. Antihistamine. A drug that inhibits the actions of histamine. Histamine causes dilatation of capillaries, contraction of smooth muscle, and stimulation of gastric acid secretion. Depressant. An agent, especially a drug, which decreases the rate of vital physiological activities. Food and Drug Administration. A federal agency that is responsible for monitoring trading and safety standards in the food and drug industries. Health care. The prevention, treatment and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well-being through the services offered by the medical and allied health professions. Healthcare Professionals. A qualified person who delivers proper health care in a systematic way professionally to any individual in need. Overdosed Drugs. Is the accidental or intentional use of a drug or medicine in an amount that is higher than is normally used. Over-the-counter drugs. A drug that is sold without a prescription. Prescription of drug. This refers to approved drug which must, by federal law or regulation, be dispensed only pursuant to a prescription–eg, finished dose form and active ingredients subject to the provisos of the Federal Food, Drug, Cosmetic Act. Rx. Medical terms which means recipe.

Self-medication. Medication of oneself without professional supervision so as to alleviate an illness or a condition. Treatment. Medical care given to a patient for an illness or injury.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Prescription Drug Abuse?
Prescription drug abuse and addiction is one of the most poorly recognized types of chemical dependency, particularly in women. A prescription drug is any medicine regulated by law to require a doctor’s prescription before it can be obtained. Prescription drugs generally work by either suppressing or promoting chemical reactions in the brain. Three different classes of prescriptions are most susceptible to abuse: * Stimulants: most commonly prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder * Opiates: most often prescribed to treat severe or chronic pain * Tranquilizers / sedatives: frequently prescribed to treat anxiety disorders or sleep disorders Drug-seeking behaviors are the primary warning signs of prescription drug abuse, regardless of the chemical make up of the medication. These behaviors include: * Frequent requests for refills from physicians

* Losing prescriptions and requesting replacements regularly
* Crushing or breaking pills
* Stealing or borrowing prescription medications from family members, friends, or co-workers
* Consuming prescriptions much faster than indicated
* Visiting multiple doctors for similar conditions
* Inconsistent answers to questions about prescription usage
* Stealing or forging prescriptions
* Consumption of over-the-counter drugs for the same conditions that a doctor has prescribed other medication
* Ordering prescription medications over the internet
Several other behavior patterns often accompany the emergence of prescription drug addiction.

They should also be considered signs of a progressing addictive disease process:
* Noticeable mood swings corresponding to availability or absence of prescription drugs
* Changing sleep patterns

* Increasing irritability, especially when prescriptions are unavailable
* More frequent alcohol consumption

Prescription Drug Addiction Symptoms and Effects

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