Egypt geography represents that Egypt lies at the northeast corner of African continent on the Mediterranean Sea that lies north of Egypt. Egypt is slightly more than three times the size of Mexico and is bordered by Libya on the west, Sudan on the south and on the east by the red Sea and Israel. Geographically speaking Egypt is divided into two separate unequal land areas: Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt by the northward flowing Nile River, which is the main identity of Egypt geography. Nile River originates from south of the Mediterranean Sea and flows northward and fans out into the sea front between the cities of Alexandria and Port Said. Apart from the Nile River Valley most of the Egypt’s landscape part is arid and sandy desert.
Egypt also includes part of Sahara and Libyan Deserts. Lower Egypt stretches from the south of present day Cairo to the Nile Delta at Alexandria city, whereas Upper Egypt is a narrow strip of land that stretches from the modern day Aswan to the south of present Cairo. Nile-the world’s longest river is the dominant feature of Egypt geography. The highest lands in Egypt are located in the south and are in a slopping position directed towards the Mediterranean Sea. While some of the mountains, reaching over 8350 feet high, are situated in the south of Sinai Peninsula. Egypt geography is the natural habitat of many resources like petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, limestone, lead, zinc and many more. Among the total land of Egypt only 2.92% land is used as the arable land. Frequent droughts, earthquakes, floods during summer season, landslides, and sandstorms are the other features of Egypt geography.
. Greetings are based on both class and the religion of the person. . It is best to follow the lead of the Egyptian you are meeting. . Handshakes are the customary greeting among individuals of the same sex. . Handshakes are somewhat limp and prolonged, although they are always given with a hearty smile and direct eye contact. . Once a relationship has developed, it is common to kiss on one cheek and then the other while shaking hands, men with men and women with women. . In any greeting between men and women, the woman must extend her hand first. If she does not, a man should bow his head in greeting. Gift Giving Etiquette
. If you are invited to an Egyptian’s home for dinner, bring good quality chocolates, sweets or pastries to the hostess. . Do not give flowers, which are usually reserved for weddings or the ill, unless you know that the hosts would appreciate them. . A small gift for the children shows affection.
. Always give gifts with the right hand or both hands if the gift is heavy. . Gifts are not opened when received
If you are invited into an Egyptian’s house:
. You would normally remove your shoes before entering.
. Dress well and conservatively. Appearances are important to Egyptians.
. Compliment the host on the house.
Egypt generally experience hot and extreme climate due to the presence of vast arid region but still there is difference in the climate of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Climate in Egypt is usually hot and dry most of the year. Temperature near the coast is low in comparison to other areas. Cairo lies in the middle of the Upper and Lower Egypt that’s why it experiences a moderate climate throughout the year round. The summer season in Egypt is exceptionally hot during the months of May to August. The average temperature during the season of summer in the south rises up to 41 degree centigrade and around 35 degree in the north. The spring season in Egypt experiences temperate climatic conditions along with dust storms.
Khamaseen is the usual sandy and dust full wind that blows from south raising temperature to sometime more than 38 degree centigrade. Winters are generally warm and are the pleasant climate season for traveling to Egypt. The average temperature during winters is around 20 degree centigrade in the Upper Egypt and 13 degree centigrade in the Lower Egypt. Geographical view of Egypt reveals that rainfall is very scanty. The average rainfall along the coast of Mediterranean is around 20 cm (8 inches). The southern part of the Egypt receives only about one inch of rainfall every year. Alexandria is the only city that receives the most rain while Aswan is the driest area of Egypt.