Mr. Stonefield, you are starting a limousine service in Austin, Texas. Your plan is to have approximately 25 employees within the first year and the name will be Landslide Limousines. There are four laws that will be important to your business venture from the beginning. These laws are the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), the Equal Pay Act of 1963, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The importance of these laws can be understood with a greater knowledge of the laws. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in employment, State and local government services, public accommodations, commercial facilities, and transportation (ADA.gov, 2015). This law requires that you provide reasonable accommodations to your employees with disabilities. All employers are required to follow the terms of this act. If caught violating this act an employer could face a penalty of $55,000 for the first violation as well as $110,000 for the subsequent violations, as well as reinstatement, back pay, litigation fees and penalties, and much more (ADA.gov, 2015).
The next law that we should address is the Age Discrimination Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA). This act makes it unlawful to illegally discriminate against elderly employees based on their age alone. Also, you must pay a same fair wage based on ability rather than age. This is important because if you violate this law you could face fines of up to $500 as well as not more than one year in jail (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2015). Additionally, you could be faced with litigation fees as well as court fees. Another law that you must be apprised of is the Equal Pay Act of 1963. This act prohibits employers from discriminating against employees by paying less than minimum wage or by paying employees more based on their gender. All employees are entitled to a wage based on the quality or quantity of their work according to merit based scale (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2015).
If you charged in violation of this act some of the penalties that you could face are similar to the other laws such as civil litigation fees, court cost, back pay, reinstatement. Additionally you could face up to 6 months in prison and not more than $10,000 in fees and they could terminate your right to have a business. The last law that needs consideration is Title IIV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This is a two-fold law that addresses discrimination based on race, gender, religion or color. This means that someone cannot be terminated or prevented from being hired based on the conditions stated above. The act also prohibits employers form retaliating against employees who file complaints against them (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2015).
This act is important because it gave Americans equality across the board in employment based on their skills. The penalty for violating this act could be civil penalties, fines, back pay, reinstatements and many more things. These laws are important to the operation and the continued success of your business. Management will need training to understand the gravity of violating any of these laws. There are many more laws that are important but these in particular are the most important to your business.
ADA.gov. (2015). The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Retrieved from http://www.ada.gov/2010_regs.htm U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2015). The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967. Retrieved from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/adea.cfm U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2015). The Equal Pay Act of 1963. Retrieved from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/epa.cfm U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2015). Title IIV of the Civil Right Act of 1964. Retrieved from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/titlevii.cfm