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Environmental Issues and Ethics Essay Sample

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Environmental Issues and Ethics Essay Sample

Climate change, toxic contamination, eutrophication (low oxygen due to excess nutrients), and near shore habitat changes, have led to this Environmental issue, which has caused a decline in certain species, e.g., forage fish, salmonids, bottom fish, marine birds, harbor porpoise and orcas. What is the environmental-justice questions surrounding this problem? Should petitioning to add species to the Endangered Species Act (ESA), be implemented? Should Fishery practices and modifications be enacted?

How and to what extent should increase in recovery and management plans for many different area species, to restore population? Are recent improper storage methods for dangerous chemicals, such as arsenic, areas of soil and aquatic land in Puget Sound being managed under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), and have these steps improved? Why is environmental justice important to discussions of this problem? This is extremely important, due to the actions of certain businesses, and uncontrollable things like population increases, and effects of these occurrences on the ecosystem, requires the formation of a plan, and solution, and also a regulation to insure that the environment and the ecosystem are protected and restored.

Puget Sound Partnership Reports that The Washington State Legislature included several priority items in the 2010 Supplemental Budget which are intended to support restorative efforts of the environment. This includes funding totaling $50 million for Washington State Department of Ecology storm water project funding. “Storm water is a primary source of toxic chemicals and other hazardous materials washing into Puget Sound and other water bodies”. [38] There is also $42 million allocated to projects targeting toxic site cleanup in the Puget Sound. Environmental issues in Puget Sound. (2013). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_issues_in_Puget_Sound WEEK 4 DQ 2

Do you agree or disagree with the idea that climate change is an environmental justice issue? Yes I do agree, I didn’t always agree totally, and to some degree I am a little skeptical. I don’t like to believe everything that environmentalists say, because as with any activist, or anyone trying to cause change, the mission is to sell the information, and draw support for the cause. In a small instance, I do agree that global warming is being extremely impacted by actions of society

Why?

Carbon pollution is the main reason our planet is getting hotter, increasing the chances of weather disasters, drought and flood and hurting our health. Dependence on fossil fuels, and lack of conservation. (“Extreme Weather: Impacts Of Climate Change”, 2012) There are solutions. For starters, we can cut carbon pollution by reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and increasing our use of clean, renewable energy. And we can implement policies that help us prepare for flooding, drought, storms and other consequences of climate change. (“Extreme Weather: Impacts Of Climate Change”, 2012)

But first, we need national leadership that will stop ignoring what the earth and scientists are telling us about climate change — and instead start ignoring those who continue to deny it is happening. (“Extreme Weather: Impacts Of Climate Change”, 2012) Extreme Weather: Impacts of Climate Change. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.nrdc.org/globalwarming/climate-change-impacts/ I do believe that the current regulations in place now, do address the issues of EJ adequately. I believe this because in past instances, there were issues that occurred and forced the EPA to make adjustments to how the EJ issues were adequately addressed.

Purpose and Need. The Purpose and Need Section of an EIS is one of the most important and should therefore be clear and well documented. The purpose and need drives the development of the range of alternatives. Some of the common needs include transportation demand, safety, legislative direction, urban transportation plan consistency, modal interrelationships, system linkage, and the condition of an existing facility.(“Final Guidance For Consideration Of Environmental Justice In Clean Air Act 309 Reviews”, 1999).

Affected Environment. This section provides information on the existing resources and condition of the environment. Generally this section should focus on the important issues in order to provide an understanding of the project area relative to the impacts of the alternatives. The affected environment should discuss, commensurate with the importance of the potential impacts, the existing social, economic, and environmental settings surrounding the project. It should also identify environmentally sensitive features in the project corridor.(“Final Guidance For Consideration Of Environmental Justice In Clean Air Act 309 Reviews”, 1999).

Environmental Consequences. This describes the impacts of project alternatives on the environment and documents the methodologies used in evaluating these impacts. Information in this section is used to compare project alternatives and their impacts. This section should describe in detail both the impacts of the proposed action and the potential measures that could be taken to mitigate these impacts. Mitigation must be considered for all impacts, regardless of their significance. Environmental impacts should be discussed in terms of their context and intensity.(“Final Guidance For Consideration Of Environmental Justice In Clean Air Act 309 Reviews”, 1999).

Comments and Coordination. The EIS must summarize the scoping process, the results of any meetings that have been held, and any comments received during preliminary coordination. Between the draft and final EIS, the state department of transportation and FHWA must consider and respond to all substantive comments received on the draft EIS, including those from public hearings. The final EIS must include copies of the comments received and the agency’s responses. If comments are voluminous, they may be summarized. If the EIS was changed in response to comments, changes should be referenced in the responses.(“Final Guidance For Consideration Of Environmental Justice In Clean Air Act 309 Reviews”, 1999).

List of Preparers. This section includes a list of the individuals primarily responsible for preparing the EIS or technical reports. Preparers are identified by name, qualifications, expertise, experience, and professional discipline. (“Final Guidance For Consideration Of Environmental Justice In Clean Air Act 309 Reviews”, 1999).

Final Guidance for Consideration of Environmental Justice in Clean Air Act 309 Reviews. (1999). Retrieved from
http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/policies/nepa/enviro_justice_309review.pdf

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