1 Explain what is meant by:
Diversity means people of different sexes, ages that all have their own different experiences, attitudes, beliefs and preferences. Equality means treating everyone fairly and making equal opportunities available. Inclusion involves making the individual the centre of their life, involving them in everything that is about them so that they are actively involved in all aspects of their life, care and support. 1.2Explain why an individual with dementia has unique needs and preferences A person who has developed dementia has lost many of their normal brain functions, understanding, capabilities and abilities to perform routine tasks normally. Their needs and preferences may have changed and as a carer it is important to try to fully understand their needs and to help support them. It may be that the individual is no longer able to feed themselves and may require assistance with this, or that they are no longer to wash/bathe themselves independently. 1.3Describe how an individual with dementia may feel excluded.
Confusion could be a main reason for a feeling of exclusion. The individual may feel that they do not belong in a certain place or with certain people. It is important in these situations to provide lots of encouragement and reassurance. 1.4 Describe why it is important to include an individual with dementia in all aspects of care practice When caring for person with dementia we must remember they are an individual and need to be included in all aspects of care. They should be given the opportunity to make choices. If we do not do this it will take away their independence and they may feel worthless. They may become increasingly agitated and frustrated. When communicating you should give them time talk to you and take your time when speaking to them.
1.5 Explain how values, beliefs and misunderstandings about dementia can affect attitudes towards an individual Certain attitudes towards a person with dementia can affect the way in which they are cared for. Some carers may not feel they can approach the person because the assume they are violent. If a person gets violent it is due to frustration and not being able to express themselves and you should always try to work out what it is that triggers the outburst or what is frustrating the individual. It helps if you know how to approach the person so they don’t get agitated. You should always try to form positive relationships with the individuals and by getting to know them better, you will be able to provide them with better care. 2.1Demonstrate how an individual with dementia has been valued, included and able to engage in daily life. By improved communication – by trying to understand the individual and taking the time to listen and for them to get their point across. By enabling them to participate in activities that are within their physical and mental capabilities.
By contributing to daily living tasks – eg when getting washed and dressed, allowing the individual to do what they are able to and by assisting them with things that they are not able to. 2.2Show how an individual’s life history and culture has been taken into consideration to meet their needs We were caring for a lady with advanced dementia who had been a devout Christian her whole life. When there was a church service been held in the home, we would take her to that service. Also, when there was no service been held, we would read hymns and extracts of the bible to her which she seemed to enjoy.
2.3Demonstrate how the stage of dementia of an individual has been taken into account when meeting their needs and preferences By regularly communicating with other members of staff, and more senior members of the team, and regularly updating and assessing the care plan when the individuals needs have changed. For example, when the individual has gone from being able to get dressed with prompting, to requiring more assistance or full assistance. 2.4Demonstrate ways of helping carers and others to understand that an individual with dementia has unique needs and preferences