We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Evolution and Altruism Reaction Paper Essay Sample

  • Pages: 5
  • Word count: 1,104
  • Rewriting Possibility: 99% (excellent)
  • Category: evolution

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

In reaction to the part about J.L. Mackie’s argument of naming the real life Suckers as the “Christian” and calling Jesus as an example of such: I think that he failed in citing the right example. It’s either he misunderstood Jesus or he misunderstood complete altruism. But I won’t blame him if he incurred such misunderstanding since it has been stated that the Man Jesus is both a lamb and lion. In the context of Jesus being a lamb, I think one will really get a picture of what complete altruism is – one willing to lay down his life even for ones who are utterly undeserving. However, looking at just that side of the person is missing the entire person. Because Jesus also talked about being a Judge and it can easily be seen how he is against most of the religious leaders of his time even calling them vipers.

And considering the claim Jesus made that He is God, I’d like to take note that the God He is referring to be is a God of both justice and grace. Saying that the extreme altruist substitutes the Golden Rule, “If you want the other fellow to scratch your back, you scratch his – even if he won’t reciprocate,” I think is stated out of a very important factor (considering that we’re still talking about Christians and Jesus being the Suckers) – love (and with it comes faith). It’s noted that instead of the negative “Don’t do unto others what you don’t want others to do unto you,” Jesus told his disciples a positive statement, “Do unto others what you want others do unto you.” This doesn’t simply imply “even if they won’t reciprocate,” but “even if they don’t reciprocate immediately.” The positive stated Golden rule is rooted in having faith on a person’s goodness, and with that, one is to initiate doing good.

It’s not just about doing good for goodness sake nor just for the immediate benefit of another person but for him or her to experience goodness and for this to grow his/her character (which in the end leads to a greater benefit for him and others). Being good might just be the encouragement others need to be good as well. I say, Jesus would have it as “If you want the other fellow to scratch your back, you scratch his – and bel

ieve that he will do the same (and it doesn’t even have to be your back)!” And I would also like

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
to point out that he teaches “Don’t be overcome evil but overcome evil by good.”

The grooming that the Suckers do for the Cheaters is actually an invitation to the Cheaters to become Suckers as well. And I also think that getting what one deserves doesn’t depend on being a Sucker or a Cheater or a Grudger because it’s a principle of the universe, it’s just how things work. I mean, even if the Cheater hardens himself and decides to not pay back the goodness given him in any way (whether towards the person who did him good or towards others), the Sucker will still have his reward if not immediately, but in the end (the rationality given the pay-off of eternal life as stated on the essay, though a person could go beyond having future rewards as his/her motivation for doing good).

And as for the Cheater, he would have to suffer the consequences of the injustice that he lives on. And the Grudgers, I think they are of the same danger as the others and their way is a way to isolation too (which might eventually lead to extinction). I would have to agree to the last paragraph before the conclusion about the wisdom that is I think is not just subtlety hinted but directly and clearly commanded by Jesus in living among others in this world. And practically, our priority of taking care of other’s welfare should be directed to the ones who are closest to us but we should not limit ourselves to them. And looking back at the example of Jesus (and some of his martyr followers), he didn’t just died martyr or like a gullible man. His death wasn’t just actually a result of the prevailing injustice on the current system or a manipulation of some people of power but in one of the greatest paradox in history, it was his way of countering the death-leading system.

He wasn’t on a default ‘die-for-others-because-that’s-the-noble-thing-to-do’ mode. He thought about it, and he thought (with high wisdom at that) that it is the best way to defeat suffering and injustice. And I can see that he greatly succeeded on that. And also, he gave and sacrificed because in the first place, he had something to give and offer. I think this is actually a call to a high standard of living. The Suckers are the ones who have something to give in the first place. Taking into consideration the existence of the Divine, the Suckers might then be the channel for the sustenance and growth of life. The essay was a good read but as I mentioned earlier, I think Mackie just failed in giving the right real-life examples (or maybe those are the kinds of Christians he saw). As I consider myself a follower of Christ, I am very much sure that Jesus doesn’t want me to be a gullible to evil and his words

are commanding me to walk in wisdom and even promises to give me wisdom. As I came to understand more, His will is to let everyone live the life he intended for them – life to the fullest and with such big task considering the billions of peoples and the different cultures and upbringings of people, he is giving and requiring the use of strategies – not just zeal but wisdom as well. He is a lamb in gentleness and mercy but is a roaring untamed lion in raging war for the people he loves. And there are cases (like what happened on the cross) where the strategy will look like it is a mindless surrender to evil’s manipulation but in the end, will result in the defeat of evil and everything causing people to be selfish and die.

We can write a custom essay on

Evolution and Altruism Reaction Paper Essay Sample ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Evidence of Evolution

Evidence from different fields of study suggest the same story: all living things once evolved from a common ancestor millions and millions of years ago, a suggestion that I agree with. The theory of biological evolution suggests that all living things are related and that the evolution of living things is powered by natural processes. Evidence from comparative anatomy, DNA comparisons, embryology, and fossil records,  all back up the suggestion that all things evolved from a common ancestor. There are about 8.7 million species alive today, biologist claim that cetaceans, one of the branches in the evolutionary tree that includes whales, dolphins, and porpoises, are all related and evolved from an ancient land mammal. Comparative anatomy is the study of differences and similarities between living things. Whales live in water, like fish, but although they appear to look like large fish they are very different. Whales like land mammals, but...

Social Evolutionism and Historicism

* Social Evolution is the process by which structural reorganization is affected through time, eventually producing a form or structure which is qualitatively different from the ancestral form. * Society is inevitable to change. * Societies start out in a primitive state and gradually become more civilized over time, and equated the culture and technology of Western civilization with progress. * The end-point among theorists was usually the image of the mid-19th Century Industrialized England (Age of Enlightenment). Concept of “PRIMITIVE to CIVILIZED” Expounded 2 Types: 1. STADIAL HISTORY - a society will always start from a primitive state and will eventually progress through 3 stages: COLONIALISM > INDUSTRIALIZATION > PROGRESS EX. * Scottish Enlightenment * French Revolution IMPERIALISM > INDUSTRIALIZATION > PROGRESS 2. CONJECTURAL HISTORY theorists believed that all societies go through 4 stages: hunting & gathering, pastoralism & nomadism, agriculture, commerce. Conditions that triggered the development of Evolutionism...

Charles Darwin

Intro: Charles Darwin was a British scientist who laid the foundations of the theory of evolution and transformed the way we think about the natural world. His ideas and observations paved a road for new ideas and a new window of opportunity. He is one of the fathers of sicence.He made many discoveries in the Galapagos island animals like the finch. Charles Robert Darwin was born on 12 February 1809 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire into a wealthy and well-connected family. The journey begins: Darwin himself initially planned to follow a medical career, and studied at Edinburgh University but later switched to divinity at Cambridge. In 1831, he joined a five year scientific expedition on the survey ship HMS Beagle. At this time, most Europeans believed that the world was created by God in seven days as described in the bible. On the voyage, Darwin read Lyell's 'Principles of Geology' which suggested...

Popular Essays


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?